SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alexander, R. C., and R. L. Mobley, Monthly average sea-surface temperature and ice-pack limits on a 1-degree global grid, Rand Corporation, Tech. Rep. Santa Monica, CA, 1974.
  • Andres, R. J.G. MarlandS. Bischoff, Carbon Dioxide Inf. Anal. Cent., CDIAC Communications, 22, Global and latitudinal estimates of δ13C from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., Oak Ridge, Tenn., 1996
  • Bakwin, P. S.P. P. TansJ. W. C. WhiteR. J. Andres, Determination of the isotopic (13C/12C) discrimination by terrestrial biology from a global network of observations, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 12, 3, 555562, 1998
  • Battle, M.M. BenderP. P. TansJ. W. C. WhiteJ. T. EllisT. ConwayR. J. Francey, Global carbon sinks and their variability, inferred from atmospheric O2 and δ13C, Science, 287, 24672470, 2000
  • Broecker, W. S.S. SutherlandW. SmethieT.-H. PengG. Ostlund, Oceanic radiocarbon: Separation of the natural and bomb components, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 9, 2, 263288, 1995
  • Ciais, P.P. P. TansJ. W. C. WhiteM. TrollierR. J. FranceyJ. A. BerryD. R. RandallP. J. SellerJ. G. CollatzD. S. Schimel, Partitioning of ocean and land uptake of CO2 as inferred by δ13C measurements from the NOAA Climate Monitoring and Diagnostic Laboratory Global Air Sampling Network, J. Geophys. Res., 100, D3, 50515070, 1995
  • da Silva, A. M., C. C. Young, and S. Levitus, Atlas of surface marine data 1994. volume 1: Algorithms and procedures, Natl. Oceanic and Atmos. Admin. Tech. Rep. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 6, Washington, D.C., 1994.
  • Fung, I., Carbon 13 exchanges between the atmosphere and biosphere, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 11, 4, 507533, 1997
  • Gruber, N., and C. D. Keeling, The isotopic air-sea disequilibrium and the oceanic uptake of anthropogenic CO2, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium CO2 in the oceans, Number CGER-1037, pp. 245250, Tsukuba Center for Institutes, Tsukuba, Japan, 1999.
  • Gruber, N.C. D. KeelingR. B. BacastowP. R. GuentherT. J. LuekerM. WahlenH. A. J. MeijerW. G. MookT. F. Stocker, Spatiotemporal patterns of carbon-13 in the global surface oceans and the oceanic Suess effect, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 13, 2, 307335, 1999
  • Heimann, M.E. Maier-Reimer, On the relations between the oceanic uptake of CO2 and its carbon isotopes, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10, 1, 89110, 1996
  • Joos, F.R. MeyerM. BrunoM. Leuenberger, The variability in the carbon sinks as reconstructed for the last 1000 years, Geophys. Res. Let., 26, 14371441, 1999
  • Keeling, C. D., and T. P. Whorf, Atmospheric CO2 records from sites in the SIO air sampling network, in Trends ‘93: A Compendium of Data on Global Change, edited by T. Boden, D. Kaiser, R. Sepanski, and F. Stoss, ORNL/CDIAC-65, pp. 1626, Carbon Dioxide Inf. Anal. Cent., Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., Oak Ridge, Tenn., 1994.
  • Keeling, C. D.T. P. WhorfM. WahlenJ. v. d. Plicht, Interannual extremes in the rate of atmospheric carbon dioxide since 1980, Nature, 375, 666670, 1995
  • Keeling, R. F.S. C. PiperM. Heimann, Global and hemispheric CO2 sinks deduced from changes in atmospheric O2 concentration, Nature, 381, 218221, 1996
  • Keeling, R. F.B. B. StephensR. G. NajjarS. C. DoneyD. ArcherM. Heimann, Seasonal variations in the atmospheric O2/N2 ratio in relation to the kinetics of air-sea gas exchange, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 12, 1, 141163, 1998
  • Kroopnick, P. M., The distribution of 13C of TCO2 in the world oceans, Deep Sea Res., 32, 1, 5784, 1985
  • Liss, P. S.L. Merlivat, Air-sea exchange rates: Introduction and synthesis, The Role of Air-Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling, P. Buat-Ménard113127, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Hingham, Massachusetts, 1986
  • Marland, G.R. J. AndresR. A. BodenC. JohnstonA. Brenkert, Global, regional and national CO2 emission estimates from fossil fuel burning, cement production and gas flaring: 1751–1996 (revised March 1999), Carbon Dioxide Inf. Anal. Cent., Data Report, ORNL NDP-030, Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., Oak Ridge, Tenn., 1998
  • Murnane, R. J.J. L. Sarmiento, Roles of biology and gas exchange in determining the δ13C distribution in the ocean and the pre-industrial gradient in atmospheric δ13C, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 14, 389405, 2000
  • Orr, J. C., Global oceanic uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide as predicted by four 3-D ocean models, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 2000
  • Quay, P. D.B. TilbrookC. S. Wong, Oceanic uptake of fossil fuel CO2: Carbon-13 evidence, Science, 256, 7479, 1992
  • Sonnerup, R. E.P. D. QuayA. P. McNicholJ. L. BullisterT. A. WestbyH. L. Anderson, Reconstructing the ocean 13C Suess effect, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 13, 4, 857872, 1999
  • Schimel, D., ., Climate Change 95, The Science of Climate Change, Chapter 2. Radiative Forcing of Climate Change, pp. 65131, Cambridge, England: Intergovt. Panel on Clim. Change, 1996.
  • Takahashi, T., R. H. Wanninkhof, R. A. Feely, R. F. Weiss, D. W. Chipman, N. Bates, J. Olafsson, C. Sabine, and S. C. Sutherland, Net sea-air CO2 flux over the global oceans: An improved estimate based on the sea-air pco2 difference, in 2nd International Symposium, CO2 in the Oceans, extended abstracts, pp. 18-01, Center Global Env. Res., Tsukuba, Japan, 1999.
  • Tans, P. P.J. A. BerryR. F. Keeling, Oceanic 12C/13C observations: a new window on ocean CO2 uptake, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 7, 2, 353368, 1993
  • Wanninkhof, R., Relationship between wind speed and gas exchange over the ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 97, C5, 73737382, 1992
  • Wanninkhof, R.W. R. McGillis, A cubic relationship between air-sea CO2 exchange and wind speed, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 13, 18891892, 1999
  • Zhang, J.P. D. QuayD. O. Wilbur, Carbon isotope fractionation during gas-water exchange and dissolution of CO2, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 59, 1, 107114, 1995