SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Biondi, F., A. Gershunov, D. R. Cayan, North Pacific Decadal Climate Variability Since AD 1661, J. Climate (Letters), 14, 510, 2001.
  • DeWeaver, E., S. Nigam, Influence of mountain ranges on the mid-latitude response to El Nino events, Nature, 378, 707708, 1995.
  • Gershunov, A., T. P. Barnett, Interdecadal modulation of ENSO teleconnections, Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 79, 27152725, 1998.
  • Holdsworth, G., Evidence for a link between atmospheric thermonuclear detonations and nitric acid, Nature, 324, 551553, 1986.
  • Holdsworth, G., H. R. Krouse, M. Nosal, Ice core climate signals from Mount Logan Yukon 1700–1987, Climate since A.D. 1500, R. S. Bradley, P. D. Jones, Routledge UK, 1992.
  • Horel, J. D., J. M. Wallace, Planetary scale atmospheric phenomena associated with the Southern Oscillation, Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 813829, 1981.
  • Kaplan, A., M. Cane, Y. Kushnir, A. Clement, M. Blumenthal, B. Rajagopalan, Analyses of global sea surface temperature 1856–1991, J. Geophys. Res, 103, 1856718589, 1998.
  • Mann, M. E., J. Lees, Robust estimation of background noise and signal detection in climatic time series, Climatic Change, 33, 409445, 1996.
  • Mann, M. E., R. S. Bradley, M. K. Hughes, Long-term variability in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation and associated teleconnections, El Niñfo and the Southern Oscillation: Multiscale Variability and its Impacts on Natural Ecosystems and Society, H. Diaz, V. Markgraf, and , 2000.
  • Mantua, N. J., S. R. Hare, U. Zhang, J. M. Wallace, R. C. Francis, A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production, Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 10691079, 1997.
  • Mayewski, P., G. Holdsworth, M. J. Spencer, S. Whitlow, M. Twickler, M. C. Morrison, K. K. Ferland, L. D. Meeker, Ice core sulfate from three northern hemisphere sites: source and temperature forcing implications, Atmospheric Environment, 27A, 29152919, 1993.
  • Minobe, S., A 50–70 year climatic oscillation over the North Pacific and North America, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 683686, 1997.
  • Philander, S. G., El Niño, La Niña and the Southern Oscillation, International Geophysical Series, Academic Press, 293, Academic Press, 1990.
  • Power, S., T. Casey, C. Folland, A. Colman, V. Mehta, Interdecadal modulation of the impact of ENSO on Australia, Climate Dynamics, 15, 319324, 1999.
  • Rajagopalan, B., U. Lall, M. A. Cane, Anomalous ENSO occurrences: An alternative view, J. Climate, 10, 23512357, 1997.
  • Trenberth, K. E., Recent observed interdecadal climate changes in the Northern Hemisphere, Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 71, 988993, 1990.
  • Trenberth, K., T. J. Hoar, The 1990–1995 El Niño-Southern Oscillation Event: Longest on Record, Geophysical Research Letters, 23, 5760, 1996.
  • Trenberth, K. E., T. J. Hoar, El Niño and climate change, Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 30573060, 1997.
  • Trenberth, K. E., G. W. Brantstator, D. Karoly, A. Kumar, N.-C. Lau, C. Ropelweski, Progress during TOGA in understanding and modeling global teleconnections associated with tropical sea surface temperatures, J. Geophys. Res., 103(C7), 1429114324, 1998.
  • Urban, F. E., J. E. Cole, J. T. Overpeck, Influence of mean climate change on climate variability from a 155-year tropical Pacific coral record, Nature, 407, 989993, 2000.
  • Villalba, R., R. D. D'Arrigo, E. R. Cook, G. C. Jacoby, G. Wiles, Decadal-scale climatic variability along the extra-tropical western coast of the Americas: Evidence from tree-ring records, El Niño and the Southern Oscillation: Multiscale Variability and its Impacts on Natural Ecosystems and Society, H. Diaz, V. Markgraf, and , 2000.
  • Whitlow, S., P. Mayewski, J. Dibb, G. Holdsworth, M. Twickler, An ice-core-based record of biomass burning in the Arctic and Subarctic, 1750–1980, Tellus, 40B, 234242, 1994.
  • Wunsch, C., The intrepretation of short climate records, with comments on the North Atlatic Oscillation and Southern Oscillation, Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 80, 245255, 1999.