SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Barnett, T. P.D. W. PierceM. LatifD. DommengetR. Saravanan, Interdecadal interactions between the tropics and midlatitudes in the Pacific basin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 615618, 1999
  • Deser, C.M. A. AlexanderM. S. Timlin, Upper ocean thermal variations in the North Pacific during 1970–1991, J. Climate., 9, 18401855, 1996
  • Fine, R. A., The penetration of tritium into the tropical Pacific, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17, 553564, 1987
  • Gu, D.-F.S. G. H. Philander, Interdecadal climate fluctuations that depend on exchanges between the tropical and extratropics, Science, 275, 805807, 1997
  • Huang, R. X.J. Pedlosky, Climate variability inferred from layered model of the ventilated thermocline, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 779790, 1999
  • Latif, M.T. P. Barnett, Causes of decadal climate variability over the North Pacific and North America, Science, 266, 634637, 1994
  • Levitus, S., Climatological atlas of the World Ocean, NOAA Prof. Pap. 13, pp., U.S. Govt. Print. Off, Washington, D.C, 1982.
  • Levitus, S., Interpentadal variability of temperature and salinity at intermediate depths of the North Atlantic Ocean, 1970–1974 versus 1955–1959, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 60916131, 1989
  • Levitus, S., T. P. Boyer, and J. Antonov, World ocean atlas, Vol. 5: Interannual variability of upper ocean thermal structure, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 5, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C, 1994.
  • Liu, Z., Forced planetary wave response in a thermocline gyre, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 10361055, 1999
  • Luyten, J. R.J. PedloskyH. Stommel, The ventilated thermocline, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 292309, 1983
  • Miller, A. J., D. R. Cayan, T. P. Barnett, N. E. Graham and J. M. Oberhuber, The 1976–77 climate shift of the Pacific Ocean, Oceanography, 7, 1994.
  • Pacanowski, R. C.S. M. GriffiesMOM 3.0 Manual, NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, USA, 1998
  • Schneider, N.A. J. MillerM. A. AlexanderC. Deser, Subduction of decadal North Pacific temperature anomalies: observations and dynamics, J. Phys Oceanogr., 29, 10561070, 1999
  • Zhang, R. H.Z. Liu, Decadal thermocline variability in the North Pacific Ocean: two pathways around the subtropical gyre, J. Climate., 12, 32733296, 1999
  • Zhang, R. H.L. M. RothsteinA. J. Busalacchi, Origin of upper-ocean warming and El Nino change on decadal scale in the tropical Pacific Ocean, Nature, 391, 879883, 1998