• , ARGO Science Team, On the design and implementation of Argo: An initial plan for a global array of profiling floatsInt. CLIVAR Proj. Off. Rep. 21, GODAE Rep. 5, 32GODAE Int. Proj. Off., Melbourne, Vict., Australia, 1998.
  • Dombrowsky, E., S. Giraud, G. Dibarboure, Impact of the GOCE mission for ocean circulation study, final reportESTEC contract 13175/98/NL/GDEur. Space Res. And Technol. Cent., Noordwijk, Netherlands, 1999.
  • , Earth System Science Pathfinder Program GRACE, Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment: Science and mission requirements document, revision ARep. JPLD-15928NASA, Washington D. C., 1998.
  • , European Space Agency, The four candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions - Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer, Eur. Space Agency Spec. Publ., ESA SP -, 1233, 217, 1999.
  • Ganachaud, A., C. Wunsch, M.-C. Kim, B. Tapley, Combination of TOPEX/Poseidon data with a hydrographic inversion for determination of the oceanic general circulation and its relation to geoid accuracy, Geophys. J. Int., 128, 708722, 1997.
  • Gordon, A. L., Interocean exchange of thermocline water, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 50375046, 1986.
  • LeGrand, P., J.-F. Minster, Impact of the GOCE gravity mission on ocean circulation estimates, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 18811884, 1999.
  • LeGrand, P., H. Mercier, T. Reynaud, Combining T/P altimetric data with hydrographic data to estimate the mean dynamic topography of the North Atlantic and improve the geoid, Ann. Geophysic., 16, 638650, 1998.
  • Lemoine, F. G., et al., The development of the joint NASA GSFC and the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) geopotential model EGM96NASA Tech. Publ. 1998-206861, 1998.
  • Le Provost, C., F. Ponchaut, Impact of the GOCE mission for ocean circulation study, final reportESTEC contract 13175/98/NL/GDEur. Space Res. And Technol. Cent., Noordwijk, Netherlands, 1999.
  • Mercier, H., M. Ollitrault, P.-Y. Le Traon, An inverse model of the North Atlantic general circulation using Lagrangian float data, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 23, 689715, 1993.
  • Nerem, R. S., et al., Gravity model development for TOPEX/Poseidon: Joint gravity models 1 and 2, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 24,42124,447, 1994.
  • Nowlin Jr., W. D., J. M. Klinck, The physics of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, Rev. Geophys., 24, 469491, 1986.
  • Reynaud, T., P. LeGrand, H. Mercier, B. Barnier, A new analysis of hydrographic data in the Atlantic and its application to an inverse modeling study, Int. WOCE Newslett., 32, 2931, 1998.
  • Rintoul, S. R., South Atlantic interbasin exchange, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 26752692, 1991.
  • Saunders, P. M., B. A. King, Oceanic fluxes on the WOCE A11 section, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 19421958, 1995.
  • , Space Research Organization of the Netherlands, Institute for Astronomical and Physical Geodesy, Delft Institute for Earth-oriented Space Research (SID), GOCE End to End Performance AnalysisESTEC Contract No. 12735/98/NL/GD, final report, 2000.
  • Speich, S., B. Blanke, G. Madec, Warm and cold water routes of an OGCM thermohaline conveyor belt, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 311314, 2001.
  • Trenberth, K. E., J. G. Olson, W. G. Large, A global ocean wind stress climatology based on ECMWF analysesNCAR Tech. Note 338+STR, 93Nat. Cent. for Atmos. Res., Boulder, Colo., 1989.
  • Wahr, J., M. Molenar, F. Bryan, Time variability of the Earth's gravity field: hydrological and oceanic effects and their possible detection using GRACE, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 30,20530,229, 1998.