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Keywords:

  • Antarctic climate;
  • marine air intrusion;
  • mesoscale modeling;
  • katabatic winds;
  • cyclones;
  • blocking anticyclones

[1] Marine air intrusion and subsequent cloud formation plays a dominant role in the energy budget and mass balance of the Antarctic. However, the intrusion is very difficult to understand using the ground-based measurements alone. In this paper we present simulations of marine air intrusion into the Adelie Land, East Antarctica, using the Modèle Atmosphérique Régional (MAR), for July 1994 and January 1995. The model is nested into the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) analyses. The simulations show a strong influence of large-scale disturbances, over the ocean, which helped in the penetration of marine air into the interior and the formation of clouds. Each marine air intrusion episode resulted in cloud formation in July 1994. Blocking anticyclones have also been found to be responsible for much of the moisture transport far into the interior elevated locations. MAR simulations, as well as ECMWF analyses, show influence of cyclones in strengthening and prolonging the surface layer flow. The study also indicated that the influence of depressions on surface winds is pronounced during the period when the depression is approaching the Adelie Land coast.