Three-dimensional controlled-source electromagnetic induction algorithms are generally formulated in terms of secondary fields or potentials. The selection of the primary solution is somewhat arbitrary but can greatly influence the efficiency of finite element codes. A simple induction logging problem demonstrates this statement. Responses are computed using a three-dimensional finite element method for two different selections of the primary potential, one that includes the borehole effect and one that does not. The accuracy of the numerical solution, for a given mesh size, increases dramatically when the borehole effect is included in the primary solution. This is because the sharp gradients in the electromagnetic field near the transmitter due to the presence of the borehole are coded as an analytic source term and do not have to be captured by the numerical approximation. Whenever possible, finite element analysts should select a convenient primary solution that closely matches the anticipated total solution in the immediate vicinity of the transmitter.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.