Experiments were conducted to examine soil erosion by headcut development and migration in concentrated flows typical of upland areas. In a laboratory channel, packed sandy loam to sandy clay loam soil beds with preformed headcuts were subjected to simulated rain followed by overland flow. The rainfall produced a well-developed surface seal that minimized surface soil detachment. During overland flow, soil erosion occurred exclusively at the headcut, and after a short period of time, a steady state condition was reached where the headcut migrated at a constant rate, the scour hole morphology remained unchanged, and sediment yield remained constant. A fourfold increase in flow discharge resulted in larger scour holes, yet aspect ratio was conserved. A sediment bed was deposited downstream of the migrating headcut, and its slope depended weakly on flow discharge.