SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ambar, I., A shallow core of Mediterranean Water off western Portugal, Deep Sea Res., Part I, 30, 677680, 1983.
  • Ambar, I., and M. R. Howe, Observations of the Mediterranean outflow, 1, Mixing in the Mediterranean outflow, Deep Sea Res., Part I, 26, 535554, 1979a.
  • Ambar, I., and M. R. Howe, Observations of the Mediterranean outflow, 2, The deep circulation in the vicinity of the Gulf of Cadiz, Deep Sea Res., Part I, 26, 555568, 1979b.
  • Ambar, I., L. Armi, A. Bower, and T. Ferreira, Some aspects of time variability of the Mediterranean Water off south Portugal, Deep Sea Res., Part I, 46, 11091136, 1999.
  • Ambar, I., N. Serra, M. J. Brogueira, G. Cabeçadas, F. Abrantes, P. Freitas, C. Gonçalves, and N. Gonzalez, Physical, chemical and sedimentological aspects of the Mediterranean Outflow off Iberia, Deep Sea Res., Part II, 49, 41634177, 2002.
  • Armi, L., and W. Zenk, Large lenses of highly saline Mediterranean Water, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 14, 15601576, 1984.
  • Baringer, M. O., and J. F. Price, Mixing and spreading of the Mediterranean outflow, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 16541677, 1997.
  • Bower, A. S., L. Armi, and I. Ambar, Lagrangian observations of Meddy formation during a Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 25452575, 1997a.
  • Bower, A. S., J. Pallant, and C. L. Chandler, A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE), 1, Program description and hydrographic measurements, Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst. Tech. Memo. WHOI-01-97, 14 pp., Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst., Woods Hole, Mass., 1997b.
  • Chérubin, L., X. Carton, J. Paillet, Y. Morel, and A. Serpette, Instability of the Mediterranean water undercurrents southwest of Portugal: Effects of baroclinicity and of topography, Oceanol. Acta, 23, 551573, 2000.
  • Daniault, N., J. P. Mazé, and M. Arhan, Circulation and mixing of Mediterranean Water west of the Iberian Peninsula, Deep Sea Res., Part I, 41, 16141685, 1994.
  • D'Asaro, E. A., Generation of submesoscale vortices: A new mechanism, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 66856693, 1988.
  • Davis, R. E., Lagrangian ocean studies, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 23, 4364, 1991.
  • Davis, R. E., Preliminary results from directly measuring middepth circulation in the tropical and South Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 103(C11), 24,61924,639, 1998.
  • Heezen, B. C., and G. L. Johnson, Mediterranean under-current and microphysiography west of Gibraltar, Bull. Inst. Oceanogr. Monaco, 67(1382), 197, 1969.
  • Hunt, H. D., C. M. Wooding, C. L. Chandler, and A. S. Bower, A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE), 2, RAFOS float data report May 1993–March 1995, Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst. Tech. Rep. WHOI-98-14, Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst., Woods Hole, Mass., 1998.
  • Iorga, M. C., and M. S. Lozier, Signatures of the Mediterranean outflow from a North Atlantic climatology, 1, Salinity and density fields, J. Geophys. Res., 104(C11), 25,98526,009, 1999a.
  • Iorga, M. C., and M. S. Lozier, Signatures of the Mediterranean outflow from a North Atlantic climatology, 2, Diagnostic velocity fields, J. Geophys. Res., 104(C11), 26,01126,029, 1999b.
  • Käse, R. H., and W. Zenk, Structure of the Mediterranean Water and Meddy characteristics in the northeastern Atlantic, in Warmwatersphere of the North Atlantic Ocean, edited by W. Krauss, pp. 365395, Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin, 1996.
  • LaCasce, J., and A. Bower, Relative dispersion in the subsurface North Atlantic, Journal of Marine Research, 58, 863894, 2000.
  • Lozier, M. S., W. B. Owens, and R. G. Curry, The climatology of the North Atlantic, Progress in Oceanography, 36, 144, 1995.
  • Madelain, F., Influence de la topographie du fond sur l'écoulement méditerranéen entre le Détroit de Gibraltar et le Cap Saint-Vincent, Cahiers Océanographie, 22, 4361, 1970.
  • Mazé, J. P., M. Arhan, and H. Mercier, Volume budget of the eastern boundary layer off the Iberian Peninsula, Deep-Search Research I, 44, 15431574, 1997.
  • McDowell, S. E., and H. T. Rossby, Mediterranean water: An intense mesoscale eddy off the Bahamas, Science, 202, 10851087, 1978.
  • Needler, G. T., and R. A. Heath, Diffusion coefficients calculated from the Mediterranean salinity anomaly in the North Atlantic Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 5, 173182, 1975.
  • Ochoa, J., and N. A. Bray, Water mass exchange in the Gulf of Cadiz, Deep Sea Res., Part I, 38, 465503, 1991.
  • Oliveira, P. B., N. Serra, A. F. G. Fiúza, and I. Ambar, A study of meddies using simultaneous in situ and satellite observations, in Satellites, Oceanography and Society, Oceanogr. Ser. 63, edited by D. Halpern, pp. 125148, Elsevier Sci., New York, 2000.
  • Owens, W. B., A statistical description of the mean circulation and eddy variability in the northwestern Atlantic using SOFAR floats, Progress in Oceanography, 28, 257303, 1991.
  • Prater, M. D., and T. B. Sanford, A Meddy off Cape St. Vincent, 1, Description, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24, 15721586, 1994.
  • Price, J. F., and M. O. Baringer, Outflows and deep water production by marginal seas, Prog. Oceanogr., 33, 161200, 1994.
  • Reid, J. L., On the total geostrophic circulation of the North Atlantic Ocean: Flow patterns, tracers and transports, Progress in Oceanography, 33, 192, 1994.
  • Richardson, P. L., and K. Mooney, The Mediterranean outflow—A simple advection diffusion model, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 5, 476482, 1975.
  • Richardson, P. L., D. Walsh, L. Armi, M. Schroder, and J. F. Price, Tracking three meddies with SOFAR floats, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 19, 371383, 1989.
  • Richardson, P. L., A. Bower, and W. Zenk, A census of meddies tracked by floats, Progress in Oceanography, 45, 209250, 2000.
  • Serra, N., and I. Ambar, Eddy generation in the Mediterranean undercurrent, Deep Sea Res., Part II, 49, 42254243, 2002.
  • Serra, N., S. Sadoux, I. Ambar, and D. Renouard, Observations and laboratory modeling of meddy generation at Cape St. Vincent, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 325, 2002.
  • Shapiro, G. I., and S. L. Meschanov, Spreading pattern and mesoscale structure of Mediterranean outflow in the Iberian Basin estimated from historical data, Journal of Marine Systems, 7, 337348, 1996.
  • Spall, M. A., P. L. Richardson, and J. Price, Advection and eddy mixing in the Mediterranean salt tongue, J. Mar. Res., 51, 797818, 1993.
  • Sparrow, M., O. Boebel, V. Zervakiz, W. Zenk, A. Cantos-Figuerola, and W. J. Gould, Two circulation regimes of the Mediterranean outflow revealed by Lagrangian measurements, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 13221330, 2002.
  • Taylor, G. I., Diffusion by continuous movements, Proc. Lond. Math. Soc., 20, 196212, 1921.
  • Zenk, W., On the origin of intermediate double maxima in T/S profiles from the North Atlantic, Meteor Forschungsergeb., A16, 3543, 1975.
  • Zenk, W., and L. Armi, The complex spreading pattern of Mediterranean Water off the Portuguese continental slope, Deep Sea Res., 37, 18051823, 1990.