SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Beutler, G., E. Brockmann, S. Fankhauser, W. Gurtner, J. Johnson, L. Mervart, M. Rothacher, S. Schaer, T. Springer, and R. Weber, Bernese GPS Software Version 4.0 Documentation, Univ. of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, 1996.
  • Bevis, M., S. Businger, T. A. Herring, C. Rocken, R. A. Anthes, and R. H. Ware, GPS meteorology: Remote sensing of atmospheric water vapor using the Global Positioning System, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 15,78715,801, 1992.
  • Bevis, M., S. Businger, S. Chiswell, T. A. Herring, R. Anthes, C. Rocken, and R. H. Ware, GPS meteorology: Mapping zenith wet deplays onto precipitable water, J. Appl. Meteorol., 33, 379386, 1994.
  • Boudouris, G., On the index of refraction of air, the absorption and dispersion of centimeter waves by gases, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand., U.S. Sect. D, 67, 631684, 1963.
  • Dai, A., Global precipitation and thunderstorm frequencies, II, Diurnal variations, J. Clim., 14, 11121128, 2001.
  • Dai, A., and C. Deser, Diurnal and semidiurnal variations in global surface wind and divergence fields, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 31,10931,125, 1999.
  • Dai, A., and J. Wang, Diurnal and semidiurnal tides in global surface pressure fields, J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 38743891, 1999.
  • Dai, A., F. Giorgi, and K. E. Trenberth, Observed and model-simulated precipitation diurnal cycle over the contiguous United States, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 63776402, 1999a.
  • Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. R. Karl, Effects of clouds, soil moisture, precipitation and water vapor on diurnal temperature range, J. Clim., 12, 24512473, 1999b.
  • Davis, J. L., T. A. Herring, I. I. Shapiro, A. E. E. Rogers, and G. Elgered, Geodesy by radio interferometry: Effects of atmospheric modeling errors on estimates of baseline length, Radio Sci., 20, 15931607, 1985.
  • Duan, J., et al., GPS meteorology: Direct estimation of the absolute value of precipitable water, J. Appl. Meteorol., 35, 830838, 1996.
  • Elgered, G., J. L. Davis, T. A. Herring, and I. I. Shapiro, Geodesy by radio interferometry: Water vapor radiometry for estimation of the wet delay, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 65416555, 1991.
  • Elliott, W. P., and R. J. Ross, Estimated impacts on climate records of adaptive strategies for scheduling radiosondes, J. Clim., 13, 21162120, 2000.
  • Fang, P., M. Bevis, Y. Bock, S. Gutman, and D. Wolfe, GPS meteorology: Reducing systematic errors in geodetic estimates for zenith delay, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 35833586, 1998.
  • Guichard, F., D. Parsons, and E. Miller, Thermodynamic and radiative impact of the correction of sounding humidity bias in the tropics, J. Clim., 13, 36113624, 2000.
  • Han, Y., and E. Westwater, Remote sensing of tropospheric water vapor and cloud liquid water by integrated ground-based sensors, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 12, 10501059, 1995.
  • Higgins, R. W., J. E. Janowiak, and Y.-P. Yao, A gridded hourly precipitation database for the United States (1963–1993), NCEP/Clim. Predict. Cent. Atlas 1, 47 pp., U.S. Dep. of Comm., Washington, D. C., 1996.
  • Kidson, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, Effects of missing data on estimates of monthly mean general circulation statistics, J. Clim., 1, 12611275, 1988.
  • Leick, A., GPS Satellite Surveying, 353 pp., John Wiley, New York, 1990.
  • Lesht, B. M., Reanalysis of radiosonde data from the 1996 and 1997 water vapor intensive observation periods: Application of the Vaisala RS-80H contamination correction algorithm to dual-sonde soundings, paper presented at the 9th Annual Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) Science Team Meeting, Dep. of Energy, San Antonia, Tex., 22–26 March 1999.
  • Lijegren, J., B. Lesht, T. Van Hove, and C. Rocken, A comparison of integrated water vapor from microwave radiometer, balloon-borne sounding system and Global Positioning System, paper presented at the 9th Annual ARM Science Team Meeting, San Antonia, Texas, 22–26 March 1999.
  • Liou, Y.-A., Y.-T. Teng, T. Van Hove, and J. C. Liljegren, Comparison of precipitable water observations in the near tropics by GPS, microwave radiometer, and radiosondes, J. Appl. Meteorol., 40, 515, 2001.
  • Lorenc, A. C., D. Barker, R. S. Bell, B. Macpherson, and A. J. Maycock, On the use of radiosonde humidity observations in mid-latitude NWP, Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 60, 317, 1996.
  • MacDonald, A., Y. Xie, and R. Ware, Diagnosis of three dimensional water vapor using slant observations from a GPS network, Mon. Weather Rev., 130, 369397, 2002.
  • Niell, A. E., Global mapping functions for the atmospheric delay at radio wavelengths, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 32273246, 1996.
  • Ohtani, R., and I. Naito, Comparison of GPS-derived precipitable water vapors with radiosonde observations in Japan, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 26,91726,929, 2000.
  • Randel, D. L., T. H. Vonder Haar, M. A. Ringerud, G. L. Stephens, T. J. Greenwald, and C. L. Combs, A new global water vapor dataset, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 12331246, 1996.
  • Rocken, C., R. H. Ware, T. Van Hove, F. Solheim, C. Alber, and J. Johnson, Sensing atmospheric water vapor with the Global Positioning System, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 26312634, 1993.
  • Rocken, C., T. Van Hove, and R. Ware, Near real-time GPS sensing of atmospheric water vapor, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 32213224, 1997.
  • Ross, R. J., and S. Rosenfeld, Estimating mean weighted temperature of the atmosphere for Global Positioning System applications, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 21,71921,730, 1997.
  • Saastamoinen, J., Atmospheric correction for the troposphere and stratosphere in radio ranging of satellites, in The Use of Artificial Satellites for Geodesy, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 15, edited by S. W. Henriksen, A. Mancini, and B. H. Chovitz, pp. 247251, AGU, Washington, D. C., 1972.
  • Schlatter, T., Testing hypotheses about atmospheric observing systems for NAOS, in Proceedings of AMS Symposium on Research Foci of the U.S. Weather Research Program, Phoenix, AZ, pp. 507509, 1998.
  • Solheim, F., J. Godwin, E. Westwater, Y. Han, S. Keihm, K. Marsh, and R. H. Ware, Radiometric profiling of temperature, water vapor, and liquid water using various inversion methods, Radio Sci., 33, 393404, 1998.
  • Tregoning, P., R. Boers, D. O'Brien, and M. Hendy, Accuracy of absolute precipitable water vapor estimates from GPS observations, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 28,70128,710, 1998.
  • Wang, J., W. B. Rossow, and Y. Zhang, Cloud vertical structure and its variations from a 20-yr global rawinsonde dataset, J. Clim., 13, 30413056, 2000.
  • Wang, J., H. L. Cole, D. J. Carlson, E. R. Miller, K. Beierle, and A. Paukkunen, Corrections of humidity measurement errors from the Vaisala RS80_A radiosonde—Application to TOGA_COARE data, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., in press, 2002.
  • Ware, R. H., C. Alber, C. Rocken, and F. Solheim, Sensing integrated water vapor along GPS ray paths, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 417420, 1997.
  • Ware, R. H., D. W. Fulker, S. A. Stein, D. N. Anderson, S. K. Avery, R. D. Clark, K. K. Droegemeier, J. P. Kuettner, J. B. Minster, and S. Sorooshian, SuomiNet: A real-time national GPS network for atmospheric research and education, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 81, 677694, 2000.