SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Clein, J. S., and J. P. Schimel, Microbial activity of tundra and taiga soils at sub-zero temperatures, Soil Biol. Biochem., 27, 12311234, 1995.
  • Dai, X. Y., C. L. Ping, and G. J. Michaelson, Bioavailability of organic matter in tundra soils, in Advances in Soil Science, Global Climate Change and Cold Regions Ecosystems, edited by R. Lal, J. M. Kimble, and B. A. Stewart, pp. 2938, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 2000.
  • Fahnestock, J. T., M. H. Jones, P. D. Brooks, D. A. Walker, and J. M. Welker, Winter and early spring CO2 efflux from tundra communities of northern Alaska, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 29,02329,027, 1998.
  • Fahnestock, J. T., M. H. Jones, and J. M. Welker, Wintertime CO2 efflux from arctic soils: Implications for annual carbon budgets, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 13, 775779, 1999.
  • Flanagan, P. W., and A. K. Veum, Relationship between respiration, weight loss, temperature and moisture in organic residues on tundra, in Soil Organisms and Decomposition in Tundra, edited by A. J. Holding, O. W. Heal, S. F. MacClean Jr., and P. W. Flanagan, pp. 249277, IBP Tundra Biome Steering Committee, Stockholm, Sweden, 1974.
  • Grogan, P., and F. S. Chapin III, Arctic soil respiration: Effects of climate and vegetation depend on season, Ecosystems, 2, 451459, 1999.
  • Hobbie, S. E., and F. S. Chapin, Winter regulation of tundra litter carbon and nitrogen dynamics, Biogeochemistry, 35, 327338, 1996.
  • Hurst, J. L., The effects of freeze-thaw cycles and leaching on the loss of soluble carbohydrates from leaf materials of two subantarctic plants, Polar Biol., 4, 2731, 1985.
  • Hurst, J. L., G. J. F. Pugh, and D. W. H. Walton, The effects of freeze-thaw cycles and leaching on the loss of soluble carbohydrates from leaf material of two subantarctic plants, Polar Biol., 4, 2731, 1985.
  • Linkins, A. E., J. M. Melillo, R. L. Sinsabaugh, Factors affecting cellulase activity in terrestrial and aquatic systems, in Current Perspectives in Microbial Ecology, edited by M. J. Klug, and C. A. Reddy, pp. 572579, Am. Soc. for Microbiol., Washington, D. C., 1984.
  • Malcolm, R. L., Quantitative evaluation of XAD-8 and XAD-4 resins used in tandem for removing organic solutes from water, Environ. Int., 18, 597607, 1992.
  • Michaelson, G. J., C. L. Ping, G. W. Kling, and J. E. Hobbie, The character and bioavailability of dissolved organic matter at thaw and in spring runoff waters of the arctic tundra north slope, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 28,93928,946, 1998.
  • Michaelson, G. J., C. L. Ping, and J. M. Kimble, Carbon storage and distribution in tundra soils of arctic Alaska, U.S.A. Arct. Alp. Res., 28(4), 414424, 1996.
  • Nadelhoffer, K. J., A. E. Giblin, G. R. Shaver, and J. R. Laundre, Effects of temperature and substrate quality on element mineralization in six arctic soils, Ecology, 72, 242253, 1991.
  • Oberbauer, S. F., C. T. Gillespie, W. Cheng, R. Gebaur, A. Sala Serra, and J. D. Tenhunen, Environmental effects on CO2 efflux from riparian tundra in the northern foothills of the Brooks Range, Alaska, USA, 1992.
  • Oechel, W. C., G. Vourlitis, and S. J. Hastings, Cold season CO2 emission from arctic soils, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 11, 163172, 1997.
  • Romanovsky, V. E., and T. E. Osterkamp, Effects of unfrozen water on heat and mass transport processes in the active layer and permafrost, Permafr. Periglac. Process., 11, 219239, 2000.
  • Skogland, T., S. Lomeland, and J. Goksoyr, Respiratory burst after freezing and thawing of soil: Experiments with soil bacteria, Soil Biol. Biochem., 20, 851856, 1988.
  • Soil Survey Division Staff, Soil Survey Manual, USDA Handb. No. 18, pp. 437, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., Washington, D. C., 1993.
  • VanCleve, K., Organic matter quality in relation to decomposition, in Soil Organisms and Decomposition in Tundra, edited by A. J. Holding, O. W. Heal, S. F. MacClean Jr., and P. W. Flanagan, pp. 311324, IBP Tundra Biome Steering Committee, Stockholm, Sweden, 1974.
  • Verhoeven, J. T. A., and E. Toth, Decomposition of Carex and Sphagnam litter in fens: Effects of litter quality and inhibition by living tissue homogenates, Soil Biol. Biochem., 27, 271275, 1995.
  • Zimov, S. A., S. P. Davidov, Y. V. Voropaev, S. F. Prosiannikov, I. P. Semiletov, M. C. Chapin, and F. S. Chapin, Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2, Clim. Change, 33, 111120, 1996.