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Keywords:

  • ozone loss;
  • photochemical;
  • Arctic;
  • stellar occultation;
  • MSX/UVISI;
  • SOLVE

[1] The combined SAGE III Ozone Loss and Validation Experiment and Third European Stratospheric Experiment on Ozone 2000 (SOLVE/THESEO 2000) campaign during winter 1999/2000 sought, in part, to quantify ozone loss within the Arctic polar vortex using a variety of aircraft-, balloon-, ground-, and space-based instrument platforms. The Midcourse Space Experiment/Ultraviolet and Visible Imagers and Spectrographic Imagers (MSX/UVISI) suite of instruments performed 31 stellar occultation observations from 23 January through 4 March 2000 in and near the Arctic polar vortex. Using a newly developed combined extinctive-refractive algorithm, ozone mixing ratio profiles, along with profiles of total density, pressure, and temperature, were retrieved. Retrieved temperature and ozone profiles are shown to agree well with other measurements. Diabatic trajectory calculations are used to remove the effects of subsidence within the vortex, allowing photochemical ozone loss to be inferred from these occultation measurements. A maximum ozone loss of about 1 ppmv is found at 400–500 K (∼16–21 km) during the 41-day period for which occultation data are available, in agreement with several other ozone loss analyses of the campaign. This corresponds to an average daily loss rate of ∼0.024 ppmv/day. The combined extinctive-refractive stellar occultation technique is demonstrated to accurately measure stratospheric ozone loss during polar winter.