SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anderson, T. L., et al., Performance characteristics of a high-sensitivity, three-wavelength, total scatter/backscatter nephelometer, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 13, 967986, 1996.
  • Angevine, W. M., and W. L. Ecklund, Errors in radio acoustic sounding of temperature, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 11, 837842, 1994.
  • Babich, P., P. Y. Wang, G. Allen, C. Sioutas, and P. Kourtrakis, Development and evaluation of a continuous ambient PM2.5 mass monitor, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 32(4), 309324, 2000.
  • Baumann, K., F. Ift, J. Z. Zhao, and W. L. Chameides, Discrete measurements of reactive gases and fine particle mass and composition during the 1999 Atlanta Supersite Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 8416, doi:10.1029/2001JD001210, 2003.
  • Butler, A. J., M. S. Andrew, and A. G. Russell, Daily sampling of PM2.5 in Atlanta: Results of the first year of the Assessment of Spatial Aerosol Composition in Atlanta study, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 8415, doi:10.1029/2002JD002234, 2003.
  • Carrico, C. M., M. H. Bergin, J. Xu, K. Baumann, and H. Maring, Urban aerosol radiative properties: Measurements during the 1999 Atlanta Supersite Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 8422, doi:10.1029/2001JD001222, 2003.
  • Carter, D. A., K. S. Gage, W. L. Ecklund, W. M. Angevine, P. E. Johnston, A. C. Riddle, J. Wilson, and C. R. Williams, Developments of a UHF lower tropospheric wind profiling at NOAA's Aeronomy Laboratory, Radio Sci., 30, 9771001, 1995.
  • Eatough, D. J., N. L. Eatough, F. Obeidi, Y. Pang, W. Modey, and R. Long, Continuous determination of PM2.5 mass, including semi-volatile species, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 34, 18, 2001.
  • Edgerton, E. S., B. E. Hartsell, J. J. Jansen, D. A. Hansen, T. Bahadori, and M. Van Loy, Concentration and composition of PM2.5 at urban and rural sites in the SEARCH Network, paper presented at the AWMA Specialty Conference PM2000: Particulate Matter and Health—The Scientific Basis for Regulatory Decision-Making, Charleston, S.C., 24–28 Jan. Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., Pittsburgh, Pa., 2000a.
  • Edgerton, E., B. Hartsell, A. Hansen, and J. Jansen, Continuous measurements of fine particulate ammonium, nitrate, organic carbon, and elemental carbon, Eos Trans AGU, 81(48), Fall Meet. Suppl., A72C-07, 2000b.
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Air Quality Criteria for Particulate Matter, EPA Doc. EPA 600/P-95/001aF, Off. of Res. and Devel., Natl. Cent. for Environ. Assess., U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, N.C., 1996. (Available at http://cfpub1.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/archive/partmatt2.cfm.).
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Draft Supersites Conceptual Plan, Prepared for the Technical Subcommittee on Fine Particle Monitoring of the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee, November 9, 1998, Off. of Air Qual. Plann. and Stand., Off. of Res. and Devel., U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, N.C., 1998. (Available at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/supsinfo.Html.).
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Compendium of Methods for the Determination of Toxic Organic Compounds in Ambient Air-Second Addition, Doc. EPA 625/R-96/010b, U.S. EPA, Res. and Devel., Cent. for Environ. Res. Inf., Cincinnati, Ohio, 1999a. (Available at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/airtox.html.).
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Speciation Guidance, Off. of Air Qual. Plann. and Stand., U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, N.C., 1999b. (Available at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/pmspec.html.).
  • Federal Register, National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter: Final Report. 40 CFR, Part 50, Washington, D.C., 18 July 1997a. (Available at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/oarpg/t1/fr_notices/pmnaaqs.pdf.).
  • Federal Register, National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter: Final Report. 40 CFR, Part 58, Appendix D, 18 July 1997b. (Available at http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/cfrhtml_00/Title_40/40cfr58_00.html.).
  • Fehsenfeld, F., D. Hastie, C. Chow, and P. A. Solomon, Gas and particle measurements, in NARSTO Particulate Matter Science Assessment, chap. 4, edited by P. McMurry et al., NARSTO, U.S. Environ. Prot. Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C., 2003. (Available at http://www.cgenv.com/Narsto/.).
  • Gard, E., J. Mayer, B. D. Morrical, T. Dienes, D. Fergenson, and K. A. Prather, Real-time analysis of individual atmospheric aerosol particles: Design and performance of a portable ATOFMS, Anal. Chem., 69, 40834091, 1997.
  • Genfa, Z., S. Slanina, K. Baumann, C. B. Boring, P. A. C. Jongejan, and P. Dasgupta, Continuous wet denuder measurements of atmospheric nitric and nitrous acids during the 1999 Atlanta Supersite, Atmos. Environ., 37, 13511364, 2003.
  • Gundel, L. A., and S. V. Hering, Absorbing filter media for denuder-filter sampling of total organic carbon in airborne particles, Record of Invention WIB 1457, Lawrence Berkeley Natl. Lab., Berkeley, Calif., 1998.
  • Gundel, L. A., and J. M. Lane, Sorbent-coated diffusion denuders for direct measurement of gas/particle partitioning by semi-volatile organic compounds, in Advances in Environmental, Industrial, and Process Control Technologies, vol. 2, Gas and Particle Phase Measurements of Atmospheric Organic Compounds, edited by D. A. Lane, pp. 287332, Gordon and Breach, Newark, N. J., 1999.
  • Heller-Zeisler, S. F., J. M. Ondov, and R. Zeisler, Collection and characterization of a bulk PM2.5 air particulate matter material for the preparation of standard reference materials, Biol. Trace Element Res., 71–72, 195202, 1999.
  • Hering, S., Atlanta SuperSite '99 Study Protocol, Aerosol Dyn., Inc., Ga. Inst. of Technol., U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, N. C., 1999. (Available at http://www-wlc.eas.gatech.edu/supersite/.).
  • Jimenez, J. L., et al., Ambient aerosol sampling using the Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer, J. Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2001JD001213, in press, 2003.
  • Kavouras, I. G., S. T. Ferguson, J. M. Wolfson, and P. Koutrakis, Development and validation of a high volume low cut-off inertial impactor (HVLI), Inhal. Toxicol., 12, 3550, 2000.
  • Kidwell, C. B., and J. M. Ondov, Development and evaluation of a prototype system for collection of sub-hourly ambient aerosol for chemical analysis, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 35, 596601, 2001.
  • Koutrakis, P., J. M. Wolfson, J. L. Slater, M. Brauer, J. D. Spengler, R. K. Stevens, and C. L. Stone, Evaluation of an annular denuder filter pack system to collect acidic aerosols and gases, Environ. Sci. Technol., 22(12), 14631468, 1988.
  • Lane, D. A., (Ed.), Advances in Environmental, Industrial, and Process Control Technologies, vol. 2, Gas and Particle Phase Measurements of Atmospheric Organic Compounds, 402 pp., Gordon and Breach, Newark, N.J., 1999.
  • Lee, S.-H., D. M. Murphy, D. S. Thomson, and A. M. Middlebrook, Chemical components of single particles measured with Particle Analysis by Laser Mass Spectrometry (PALMS) during the Atlanta SuperSite Project: Focus on organic/sulfate, lead, soot, and mineral particles, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D1), 4003, doi:10.1029/2000JD000011, 2002.
  • Lee, S.-H., D. M. Murphy, D. S. Thornton, and A. M. Middlebrook, Nitrate and oxidized organic ions in single particle mass spectra during the 1999 Atlanta Supersite Project, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 8417, doi:10.1029/2001JD001455, 2003.
  • Li, J., and P. K. Dasgupta, Measurements of atmospheric hydrogen peroxide and hydroxymethyl hydroperoxide with a diffusion scrubber and light emitting diode-liquid core waveguide based fluorometry, Anal. Chem., 72, 53385347, 2000.
  • Li, J., P. K. Dasgupta, Z. Genfa, and M. A. Hutterli, Measurement of atmospheric formaldehyde with a diffusion scrubber and light emitting diode-liquid core waveguide based fluorometry, Field Anal. Chem. Technol., 5, 211, 2001.
  • Lim, H. J., and B. J. Turpin, Origins of primary and secondary organic aerosol in Atlanta: Results of time-resolved measurements during the Atlanta Supersite Experiment, Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, 44894496, 2002.
  • Lim, H.-J., B. J. Turpin, E. Edgerton, S. V. Hering, G. Allen, H. Maring, and P. Solomon, Semicontinuous aerosol carbon measurements: Comparison of Atlanta Supersite measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 8419, doi:10.1029/2001JD001214, 2003.
  • Liu, D.-Y., R. J. Wenzle, and K. A. Prather, Aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry during the Atlanta Supersite Experiment, 1, Measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2001JD001562, in press, 2003.
  • Macher, J. M., and H. A. Burge, Sampling biological aerosols, in Air Sampling Instruments, 9th ed., edited by B. S. Cohen, and C. S. McCammon Jr., chap. 22, pp. 661701, Am. Counc. of Gov. Indust. Hyg., Cincinnati, Ohio, 2001.
  • Maring, H., D. L. Savoie, M. A. Izaguirre, C. McCormick, R. Arimoto, J. M. Prospero, and C. Pilinis, Aerosol physical and optical properties and their relationship to aerosol composition in the free troposphere at Izaña, Tenerife, Canary Islands during July 1995, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 14,67714,700, 2000.
  • McMurry, P. H., and K. S. Woo, Size distributions of 3 to 100 nm urban Atlanta aerosols: Measurement and observations, J. Aerosol Med., 15, 169178, 2002.
  • McMurry, P. H., K. S. Woo, R. Weber, D.-R. Chen, and D. Y. H. Pui, Size distributions of 3–10 nm atmospheric particles: Implications for nucleation mechanisms, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, 358, 26252642, 2000.
  • McMurry, P. H., X. Wang, K. Park, and K. Ehara, The relationship between mass and mobility for atmospheric particles: A new technique for measuring particle density, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 36, 227238, 2002.
  • Middlebrook, A. M., et al., A comparison of particles mass spectrometers during the 1999 Atlanta Supersite experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2001JD000660, in press, 2003.
  • Mikel, D. K., Quality Assurance Final Report for the Southern Oxidants Study-Atlanta Supersite Field Experiment, Rev. 1.2, U.S. EPA, Off. of Air Qual. Plann. and Stand., Research Triangle Park, N.C., 2001. (Available at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/qualitypp.html.).
  • Mikel, D. K., and G. Momberger, Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Southern Oxidants Study Atlanta Supersite Field Experiment, Rev. 1.1, U.S. EPA, Off. of Air Qual. Plann. and Stand., Research Triangle Park, N.C., 1999. (Available at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/qualitypp.html.).
  • Modey, W. K., Y. Pang, N. L. Eatough, and D. J. Eatough, Fine particulate (PM2.5) composition in Atlanta: Assessment of the Particle Concentrator-Brigham Young University Organic Sampling System, during the EPA Supersite Study, Atmos. Environ., 35, 64936502, 2001.
  • Modey, W. K., D. J. Eatough, Y. Pang, and N. L. Eatough, Fine particulate (PM2.5) composition in Atlanta, USA: Assessment of the particle concentrator-Brigham Young University organic sampling system, PC-BOSS, during the EPA Supersite study, Atmos. Environ., 35, 64936502, 2003.
  • Nenes, A., S. N. Pandis, and C. Pilinis, ISORROPIA: A new thermodynamic equilibrium model for multiphase multicomponent inorganic aerosols, Aquat. Geochem., 4, 123152, 1998.
  • Phares, D. J., K. P. Rhoads, M. V. Johnston, and A. Wexler, Size-resolved ultrafine particle composition analysis, 2, Houston, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 8420, doi:10.1029/2001JD001212, 2003.
  • Rhoads, K. P., D. J. Phares, A. Wexler, and M. V. Johnston, Size-resolved ultrafine particle composition analysis, 1, Atlanta, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 8418, doi:10.1029/2001JD001211, 2003.
  • Samanta, G., C. B. Boring, and P. K. Dasgupta, Continuous automated measurement of hexavalent chromium in airborne particulate matter, Anal. Chem., 73, 20342040, 2001.
  • Simon, P. K., and P. K. Dasgupta, Continuous automated measurement of gaseous nitrous and nitric acids and particulate nitrite and nitrate, Environ. Sci. Technol., 29, 15341541, 1995.
  • Slanina, J., H. M. Brink, R. P. Otjes, A. Even, P. Jongejan, A. Khlystov, A. Waijers-Ijpelaan, M. Hu, and Y. Lu, The continuous analysis of nitrate and ammonium in aerosols by the steam jet aerosol collector (SJAC): Extension and validation of the methodology, Atmos. Environ., 35, 23192330, 2001.
  • Solomon, P. A., The measurement of NO, NO2, NOx, and NOy in the atmosphere: Recommendations for SJVAQS/AUSPEX, in Planning and Managing Regional Air Quality Modeling and Measurement Studies: A Perspective Through the San Joaquin Valley Air Quality Study and AUSPEX, edited by P. A. Solomon, pp. 737767, Lewis Publ., Boca Raton, Fla., 1994.
  • Solomon, P. A., et al., Evaluation of PM2.5 Chemical Speciation Samplers For Use In The U.S. EPA National PM2.5 Chemical Speciation Network, EPA Doc. EPA 454/R-01-005/NTIS PB#2001-105814, Off. of Air Qual. Plann. and Stand., Research Triangle Park, N.C., 2000. (Available at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/pmspec.Html.).
  • Solomon, P., et al., Comparison of integrated samplers for mass and composition during the 1999 Atlanta Supersite project, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 8423, doi:10.1029/2001JD001218, 2003.
  • Stolzenburg, M. R., and S. V. Hering, A new method for the automated measurement of atmospheric fine particle nitrate, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34, 907914, 2000.
  • Tanner, R. L., and W. J. Parkhurst, Chemical composition of fine particles in the Tennessee Valley region, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 50, 12991307, 2000.
  • Tremblay, R. T., H. Maring, D. L. Savoie, P. J. Milne, E. R. Stabenau, and R. G. Zika, The size distribution and interrelationships of speciated organic compounds, aerosol organic carbon and elemental carbon, Eos Trans. AGU, 81(48), Fall Meet. Suppl., F113, 2000.
  • Turpin, B. J., and H. J. Lim, Species contributions to PM2.5 concentrations: Revisiting common assumptions for estimating organic mass, Aerosol. Sci. Technol., 35, 602610, 2001.
  • Turpin, B. J., R. A. Cary, and J. J. Huntzicker, An in situ, time-resolved analyzer for aerosol organic and elemental carbon, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 12, 161171, 1990.
  • Van Loy, M., T. Bahadori, R. Wyzga, B. Hartsell, and E. Edgerton, The Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES): PM2.5 mass and aerosol component concentrations and sampler intercomparisons, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 50, 14461458, 2000.
  • Watson, J. G., E. M. Fujita, J. C. Chow, B. Zielinska, L. W. Richards, W. Neff, and D. Dietrich, Northern Front Range Air Quality Study Final Report, DRI Doc. 6580-685-8750.1F2, Desert Res. Inst., Reno, Nev., 1998.
  • Weber, R., D. Orsini, Y. Daum, Y. N. Lee, P. J. Klotz, and F. Brechtel, A particle-into-liquid collector for rapid measurement of aerosol bulk chemical composition, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 35, 718727, 2001.
  • Weber, R., et al., Short-term temporal variation in PM2.5 mass and chemical composition during the Atlanta Supersites Experiment, 1999, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 53, 8491, 2003a.
  • Weber, R. J., et al., Intercomparison of near real time monitors of PM2.5 nitrate and sulfate at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Atlanta Supersite, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D7), 8421, doi:10.1029/2001JD001220, 2003b.
  • Wenzel, R. J., D.-Y. Liu, E. S. Edgerton, and K. A. Prather, Aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry during the Atlanta Supersite, 2, Scaling procedures, J. Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2001JD001563, in press, 2003.
  • Woo, K. S., D. R. Chen, D. Y. H. Pui, and P. H. McMurry, Measurement of Atlanta aerosol size distributions: Observations of ultrafine particle events, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 34, 7587, 2001.
  • Zhang, J., W. L. Chameides, R. Weber, G. Cass, D. Orsini, E. S. Edgerton, P. Jongejan, and J. Slanina, An evaluation of the thermodynamic equilibrium assumption for fine particulate composition: Nitrate and ammonium during the 1999 Atlanta Supersite Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 8414, doi:10.1029/2001JD001592, 2002 [printed 108(D7), 2003].