SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abramowitz, M., and I. A. Stegun, Eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, Dover, Mineola, N. Y., 1970.
  • Agabi, A., J. Borgnino, F. Martin, A. Tokovinin, and A. Ziad, G.S.M: A grating scale monitor for atmospheric turbulence measurements, II, First measurements of the wavefront outer scale at the O.C.A, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser., 109, 557562, 1995.
  • Antonia, R. A., and A. J. Chambers, Spectra of temperature derivatives in the atmospheric surface layer, Boundary Layer Meteorol., 15, 341345, 1978.
  • Banakh, V. A., and I. N. Smalikho, Turbulence influence on focused laser beam propagation in the stratosphere, Proc. SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2222, 511521, 1994.
  • Bester, M., W. C. Danchi, D. G. Degiacomi, L. J. Greenhill, and C. H. Townes, Atmospheric fluctuations: Empirical structure functions and projected performance of future instruments, Astrophys. J., 392, 357374, 1992.
  • Blackadar, A. K., Turbulence and Diffusion in the Atmosphere, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998.
  • Bufton, J. L., Comparison of vertical profile turbulence structure with stellar observations, Appl. Opt., 12, 17851793, 1973.
  • Buscher, D. F., J. T. Armstrong, C. A. Hummel, A. Qirrenbach, D. Mozurkewich, K. J. Johnston, C. S. Denison, M. M. Colavita, and M. Shao, Interferometric seeing measurements on Mt. Wilson: Power spectra and outer scales, Appl. Opt., 34, 10811096, 1995.
  • Caughey, S. J., and S. G. Palmer, Some aspects of turbulence structure through the depth of the convective boundary layer, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 105, 811827, 1979.
  • Clifford, S. F., Temporal-frequency spectra for a spherical wave propagating through atmospheric turbulence, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 61, 12851292, 1971.
  • Clifford, S. F., G. M. B. Bouricius, G. R. Ochs, and M. H. Ackley, Phase variations in atmospheric optical propagation, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 61, 12791284, 1971.
  • Colavita, M. M., M. J. Shao, and D. H. Staelin, Atmospheric phase measurements with the Mark III stellar interferometer, Appl. Opt., 26, 41064112, 1987.
  • Cole, R. S., K. L. Ho, and N. D. Mavrokoukoulakis, The effect of the outer scale of turbulence and wavelength on scintillation fading at millimeter wavelengths, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 26, 712715, 1978.
  • Consortini, A., L. Ronchi, and L. Stefanutti, Investigation of atmospheric turbulence by narrow laser beams, Appl. Opt., 9, 25432547, 1970.
  • Dalaudier, F., and C. Sidi, Direct evidence of “sheets” in the atmospheric temperature field, J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 237248, 1994.
  • Deardorff, J. W., Convective velocity and temperature scales for the unstable planetary boundary layer and for Rayleigh convection, J. Atmos. Sci., 27, 12111213, 1970.
  • Doviak, R. J., and D. S. Zrnic, Reflection and scatter formula for anisotropically turbulent air, Radio Sci., 19, 325336, 1984.
  • Gaskill, J. D., Atmospheric degradation of holographic images, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 59, 308318, 1969.
  • Gurvich, A. S., and A. I. Kon, The backscattering from anisotropic turbulent irregularities, J. Electromagn. Waves Appl., 6, 107118, 1992.
  • Gurvich, A. S., and A. I. Kon, Aspect sensitivity of radar returns from anisotropic turbulent irregularities, J. Electromagn. Waves Appl., 7, 13431353, 1993.
  • Herrmann, R., A. Magun, J. Costa, E. Correia, and P. Kaufmann, A multibeam antenna for solar mm-wave burst observations with high spatial and temporal resolution, Sol. Phys., 142, 157170, 1992.
  • Hocking, W., Radar studies of small scale structure in the upper middle atmosphere and lower ionosphere, Adv. Space Res., 7(10), 327338, 1987.
  • Ishimaru, A., Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media, vol. 2, Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1978.
  • Kaufmann, P., J. Costa, E. Correia, A. Magun, K. Arzner, N. Kämpfer, M. Rovira, and H. Levato, Recent developments of the solar submm-wave telescope (SST), in Coronal Physics From Radio and Space Observations, Lect. Notes Phys., vol. 483, edited by G. Trottet, pp. 202206, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997.
  • Krasnenko, N., and L. Shamanaeva, Sodar measurements of the structural characteristics of temperature fluctuations and the outer scale of turbulence, Meteorol. Z., 7, 392397, 1998.
  • Lee, R. W., and J. C. Harp, Weak scattering in random media, with applications to remote probing, Proc. IEEE, 57, 375406, 1969.
  • Lüdi, A., and A. Magun, Antenna-pattern-measurements of the solar sub-mm telescope at 212 and 405 GHz, Tech. Rep. IAP 99-3, Inst. of Appl. Phys., Bern, 1999.
  • Lüdi, A., et al., First results of tropospheric transmission measurements at 94 and 212 GHz, in Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Earth's Surface and Atmosphere, edited by P. Pampaloni, and S. Paloscia, pp. 213220, VSP, Zeist, Netherlands, 2000a.
  • Lüdi, A., A. Magun, A. Murk, N. Kämpfer, P. Kaufmann, J. E. R. Costa, C. G. G. de Castro, H. Levato, and M. Rovira, First report on farfield antenna-pattern-measurements of the solar sub-mm telescope at 212 and 405 GHz, paper presented at AP2000 Millennium Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Antennas and Propag. Soc., Davos, Switzerland, 914 April 2000b.
  • Lutomirski, R. F., and H. T. Yura, Modulation-transfer function and phase-structure function of an optical wave in a turbulent medium, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 59, 9991000, 1969.
  • Mahrt, L., Vertical structure and turbulence in the very stable boundary layer, J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 23332349, 1985.
  • Martin, F., A. Tokovinin, A. Ziad, R. Conan, J. Borgnino, R. Avila, A. Agabi, and M. Sarazin, First statistical data on wavefront outer scale at La Silla Observatory from the GSM instrument, Astron. Astrophys., 336, L49L52, 1998.
  • Moulsley, T. J., D. N. Asimakopoulos, R. S. Cole, B. A. Crease, and S. J. Caughey, Measurement of boundary layer structure parameter profiles by acoustic sounding and comparison with direct measurements, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 107, 203230, 1981.
  • Muschinski, A., and D. Lenschow, Future directions for research on meter- and submeter-scale, atmospheric turbulence, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 82(12), 28312844, 2001.
  • Muschinkski, A., and R. Roth, A local interpretation of Heinsenberg's transfer theory, Contrib. Atmos. Phys., 66, 335346, 1993.
  • Muschinski, A., and C. Wode, First in situ evidence for coexisting submeter temperature and humidity sheets in the lower free troposphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 28932906, 1998.
  • Nightingale, N. S., and D. F. Buscher, Interferometric seeing measurements at the la palma observatory, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 251, 155166, 1991.
  • Panofsky, H. A., and J. A. Dutton, Atmospheric Turbulence, Models and Methods for Engineering Applications, John Wiley, New York, 1984.
  • Pospelov, M. N., Surface wind retrieval using passive microwave polarimetry: The dependence on atmospheric stability, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 34, 11661171, 1996.
  • Rao, R., S. Wang, X. Liu, and Z. Gong, Turbulence spectrum effect on wave temporal-frequency spectra for light propagating through the atmosphere, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A Opt. Image Sci., 16, 27552762, 1999.
  • Schumann, U., P. Konopka, R. Baumann, R. Busen, T. Gerz, H. Schlager, P. Schulte, and H. Volkert, Estimate of diffusion parameters of aircraft exhaust plumes near the tropopause from nitric oxide and turbulence measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 14,14714,162, 1995.
  • Stull, R. B., An Introduction to Boundary Layer Meteorology, Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass., 1988.
  • Tatarskii, V. I., The Effects of the Turbulent Atmosphere on Wave Propagation, Isr. Program for Sci. Transl., Jerusalem, 1971.
  • Vanhoenacker, D., J. Matagne, H. Vasseur, and A. V. Vorst, Spectral analysis of scintillation events from Belgian Olympus Experiment, paper presented at 16th OPEX Meeting, Eur. Space Res. and Technol. Cent., Aveiro, Portugal, Oct. 1991.
  • Ziad, A., J. Borgnino, F. Martin, and A. Agabi, Experimental estimation of the spatial-coherence outer scale from a wavefront statistical analysis, Astron. Astrophys., 282, 10211033, 1994.
  • Ziad, A., R. Conan, A. Tokovinin, F. Martin, and J. Borgnino, From the grating scale monitor to the generalized seeing monitor, Appl. Opt., 39, 54155425, 2000.