The goal of the subduction factory project is to obtain a better understanding of processes occurring at convergent margins and performs mass balance calculations for tracer elements. As part of this project, a major objective of ODP Leg 185 is to determine the chemical composition of the inputs to the West Pacific Subduction Factory for use in calculations of elemental mass balance across the subduction zone. To understand such elemental budgets, it is critical to know the lithological diversity and chemical characteristics of the down going oceanic plate. Hole 801C, located ocean-ward of the Mariana island arc system, is the most complete section of old oceanic crust sampled to date but, core recovery in basement holes is often poor (e.g., <30%) resulting in a bias such that the less altered material is preferentially recovered. Integration of drilled cores and downhole wire line logging data was performed to reconstruct a complete section of the drilled basement. Furthermore we integrate gamma ray logging data with the geochemical analyses of recovered cores to estimate the average composition, in terms of potassium and uranium, of the volcanic section in Hole 801C. We used FMS (Formation MicroScanner) images to relocate the samples with respect to the logging depth and to directly compare the logging data and the geochemical data. We demonstrate that the logging tool is well calibrated for K and U in the basement and that differences observed between K2O and U contents measured by the tool and by geochemistry are strongly dependent on the nature of the samples. The average K2O concentration of Hole 801C basement section is 0.34 wt.% using core-derived proportions, 0.51 wt.% using log-derived proportions and 0.47 wt.% using the gamma ray data. In the same manner the average U concentrations are respectively 0.34 ppm, 0.39 ppm and 0.42–0.5 ppm. This implies that K and U budgets recycled in the Mariana subduction zone are 20–50% higher than previously reported. These results demonstrate that a careful core-log-geochemical integration is essential to accurately estimate the composition of a drilled section and in order to better constraint chemical fluxes into subduction zones.