• Adams, P. J., et al., General circulation model assessment of direct radiative forcing by the sulfate-nitrate-ammonium-water inorganic aerosol system, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 10971111, 2001.
  • Blomquist, B. W., et al., An evaluation of the community aerosol inlet for the NCAR C-130 research aircraft, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 18, 13871397, 2001.
  • Chuang, P. Y., R. J. Charlson, and J. H. Seinfeld, Kinetic limitations on droplet formation in clouds, Nature, 390, 594596, 1997.
  • Cruz, C. N., and S. N. Pandis, The effect of organic coatings on the cloud condensation nuclei activation of inorganic atmospheric aerosol, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 13,11113,123, 1998.
  • Cruz, C. N., and S. N. Pandis, Deliquescence and hygroscopic growth of mixed inorganic-organic atmospheric aerosol, Environ. Sci. Tech., 34, 43134319, 2000.
  • Gill, P. S., T. E. Graedel, and C. J. Weschler, Organic films on atmospheric aerosol particles, fog droplets, cloud droplets, raindrops, and snowflakes, Rev. Geophys., 21, 903920, 1983.
  • Grassian, V. H., Heterogeneous uptake and reaction of nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds on the surface of atmospheric particles including oxides, carbonates, soot and mineral dust: Implications for the chemical balance of the troposphere, Int. Rev. Phys. Chem., 20, 467548, 2001.
  • Hitchcock, A., et al., aXis2000 Software Version 2.0c,, 4 December 2000.
  • Husar, R. B., and W. R. Shu, Thermal analysis of the Los Angeles smog aerosol, J. Appl. Meteorol., 14, 15581565, 1975.
  • Kawamura, K., and R. B. Gagosian, Midchain ketocarboxylic acids in the remote marine atmosphere: Distribution patterns and possible formation mechanisms, J. Atmos. Chem., 11, 107122, 1990.
  • Ming, Y., and L. M. Russell, Predicted hygroscopic growth of sea salt aerosol, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 28,25928,274, 2001.
  • Myneni, S. C. B., T. A. Warwick, G. A. Martinez, and G. Meigs, C-functional group chemistry of humic substances and their spatial variation in soils, Advanced Light Source Activity Report, 337340, 1999.
  • National Research Council, A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change, National Academic Press, Washington, D.C., 1996.
  • Reid, R. C., J. M. Prausnitz, and B. E. Poling, The Properties of Gases and Liquids, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1987.
  • Riley, J. P., and R. Chester, Introduction to Marine Chemistry, Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1971.
  • Stöhr, J., NEXAFS Spectroscopy, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992.
  • Warwick, T., et al., A scanning transmission x-ray microscope for materials science spectromicroscopy at the advanced light source, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 69, 29642973, 1998.