Chemistry and Physics of Minerals and Rocks/Volcanology
Polymorphism, superheating, and amorphization of silica upon shock wave loading and release
Article first published online: 10 SEP 2003
Copyright 2003 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth (1978–2012)
Volume 108, Issue B9, September 2003
How to Cite
2003), Polymorphism, superheating, and amorphization of silica upon shock wave loading and release, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 2421, doi:10.1029/2002JB002317, B9., , and (
- Issue published online: 10 SEP 2003
- Article first published online: 10 SEP 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 MAY 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 12 MAY 2003
- Manuscript Received: 21 NOV 2002
- shock wave;
 We present a detailed and quantitative examination of the thermodynamics and phase change mechanisms (including amorphization) that occur upon shock wave loading and unloading of silica. We apply Debye-Grüneisen theory to calculate both the Hugoniot of quartz and isentropic release paths. Quartz converts to stishovite (or a stishovite-like phase) between 15 and 46 GPa, and persistence of the solid phase above its liquidus (i.e., superheating) is confirmed between 77 and 110 GPa. Calculations compare favorably to measurements of shock and post-shock temperatures. For silica, the method of measuring post-shock temperature is insensitive to predicting whether phase transitions actually occur during release. Measurements of release states in pressure-particle velocity space are compared to computed frozen-phase release paths. This comparison suggests transformation of a stishovite-like phase to lower density phases including quartz, liquid, or dense amorphous glass. Transformations to liquid or glass occur upon release from peak pressure of 26 GPa and above. The isentropic release assumption appears to be approximately valid. A shock pressure-temperature scale relating metamorphism of silica in shock-loaded quartz is proposed. Neither recovery of coesite nor substantial quantities of crystalline stishovite-like phases upon shock loading of quartz is predicted. Trace amounts of crystalline stishovite-like phases from shock loading between 15 and 26 GPa are expected.