• Anderson, L. G., and A. Olsen, Air-sea flux of anthropogenic carbon dioxide in the North Atlantic, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(17), 1835, doi:10.1029/2002GL014820, 2002.
  • Anderson, L. G., P. E. Jones, R. Lindegren, and B. Rudels, Nutrient regeneration in cold, high salinity bottom water of Arctic shelves, Cont. Shelf Res., 8, 13451355, 1988.
  • Bates, N., Interannual variability of oceanic CO2 and biogeochemical properties in the western North Atlantic subtropical gyre, Deep Sea Res., Part II, 48, 2001.
  • Broecker, W., and T.-H. Peng, Tracers in the Sea, pp 131139, Lamont-Doherty Geol. Observ., New York, 1982.
  • Cooper, D. J., A. J. Watson, and R. J. Ling, Variation of pCO2 along a North Atlantic shipping route (U.K. to the Caribbean): A year of automated observations, Mar. Chem., 60, 147164, 1998.
  • Dickson, A. G., and F. J. Millero, A comparison of the equilibrium constants for the dissociation of carbonic acid in seawater media, Deep Sea Res., Part A, 34, 17331743, 1987.
  • Erdal, A., Elementær Innføring i Sannsynlighetsregning og Problemløsninger ved Analyse av Måleresultater, Alma Mater, Bergen, Norway, 1997.
  • Gurney, K. R., et al., Towards robust regional estimates of CO2 sources and sinks using atmospheric models, Nature, 415, 2002.
  • Haraldson, C., L. G. Anderson, M. Hasselov, S. Hulth, and K. Olsson, Rapid, high-precision potentiometric titration of alkalinity in the ocean and sediment pore waters, Deep Sea Res., Part I, 44, 20312044, 1997.
  • Johnson, K. M., A. E. King, and J. M. Sieburth, Coulometric TCO2 analyses for marine studies: An introduction, Mar. Chem., 16, 6182, 1985.
  • Johnson, K. M., J. M. Sieburth, P. J. Williams, and L. Brandstrom, Coulometric total carbon dioxide analysis for marine studies: Automation and calibration, Mar. Chem., 21, 117133, 1987.
  • Kelley, J. J., Carbon dioxide in the surface waters of the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents and Kara Seas, Liminol. Oceanogr., 15, 8087, 1970.
  • Loeng, H., Features of the physical oceanographic conditions of the Barents Sea, Polar Res., 10, 518, 1991.
  • Mehrbach, C., C. H. Culberson, E. J. Hawley, and R. M. Pytkowicz, Measurements of the apparent dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater at atmospheric pressure, Limnol. Oceanogr., 18, 897907, 1973.
  • Millero, F. J., Chemical Oceanography, 2nd ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1996.
  • Östlund, H. G., and G. Hut, Arctic Ocean water mass balance from isotope data, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 63736381, 1984.
  • Reigstad, M., P. Wassmann, C. W. Riser, S. Øygarden, and F. Rey, Variations in hydrography, nutrients and chlorophyll a in the marginal ice-zone and the central Barents Sea, J. Mar. Syst., 38, 2002.
  • Takahashi, T., J. Olafsson, J. G. Goddard, D. W. Chipman, and S. C. Sutherland, Seasonal variation of CO2 and nutrients in the high-latitude surface oceans: A comparative study, Global Biogeochem. Cycles., 7, 843878, 1993.
  • Takahashi, T., R. A. Feely, R. F. Weiss, R. H. Wanninkhof, D. W. Chipman, S. C. Sutherland, and T. T. Takahashi, Global air-sea flux of CO2: An estimate based on measurements of sea-air pCO2 difference, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 94, 82928299, 1997.
  • Thomas, H., Remineralization ratios of carbon, nutrients, and oxygen in the North Atlantic Ocean: A field databased assessment, Global Biogeochem. Cycles., 16(3), 1051, doi:10.1029/2001GB001452, 2002.
  • Wallace, D. W. R., Storage and transport of excess CO2 in the oceans: The JGOFS/WOCE global CO2 survey, in Ocean Circulation and Climate, Observing and Modelling the Global Ocean, edited by G. Siedler, J. Church, and J. Gould, pp. 489521, Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001.