SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Andronache, C., W. L. Chameides, M. O. Rodgers, J. Martinez, P. Zimmerman, and J. Greenberg, Vertical distribution of isoprene in the lower boundary layer of the rural and urban southern United States, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 16,98916,999, 1994.
  • Attmannspacher, W., J. de la Noe, D. de Muer, J. Lenoble, G. Megie, J. Pelon, P. Pruvost, and R. Reiter, European validation of SAGE II ozone profiles, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 84618466, 1989.
  • Beekmann, M., G. Ancellet, and G. Mégie, Climatology of tropospheric ozone in the southern Europe and its relation to potential vorticity, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 12,84112,853, 1994.
  • Bethan, S., G. Vaughan, and S. J. Reid, A comparison of ozone and thermal tropopause heights and the impact of tropopause definition on quantifying the ozone content of the troposphere, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 122, 929944, 1996.
  • Bodecker, G. E., I. S. Boyd, and W. A. Matthews, Trends and variability in vertical ozone and temperature profiles measured by ozonesondes at Lauder, New Zealand: 1986–1996, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 28,66128,681, 1998.
  • Brinksma, E. J., et al., Validation of 3 years of ozone measurements over Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change station Lauder, New Zealand, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 17,29117,306, 2000.
  • Chameides, W. L., et al., Ozone precursor relationships in the ambient atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 60376055, 1992.
  • Chatfield, R. B., and A. C. Delany, Convection links biomass burning to increased tropical ozone, however, models will typically over-predict O3, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 18,47318,488, 1990.
  • Chatfield, R., and H. Harrison, Tropospheric ozone, 1, Evidence for higher background values, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 59645968, 1977.
  • Cooper, O. R., J. L. Moody, J. C. Davenport, S. J. Oltmans, B. J. Johnson, X. Chen, P. B. Shepson, and J. T. Merrill, Influence of springtime weather systems on vertical ozone distributions over three North American sites, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 22,00122,013, 1998.
  • Cunnold, D., F. Alyea, N. Phillips, and R. Prinn, A three-dimensional dynamical-chemical model of atmospheric ozone, J. Atmos. Sci., 32, 170194, 1975.
  • Cunnold, D. M., W. P. Chu, R. A. Barnes, M. P. McCormick, and R. E. Veiga, Validation of SAGE II ozone measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 84478460, 1989.
  • Danielsen, E. F., The laminar structure of the tropopause and its relation to the concept of the tropopause, Arch. Meteorol. Geophys. Bioklimatol., BII, 293332, 1959.
  • Danielsen, E. F., Stratosphere-troposphere exchange based on radioactivity, ozone and potential vorticity, J. Atmos. Sci., 25, 502518, 1968.
  • Dickerson, R. R., et al., Thunderstorms: An important mechanism in the transport of air pollutants, Science, 235, 460465, 1987.
  • Doskey, P. V., and W. Gao, Vertical mixing and chemistry of isoprene in the atmospheric boundary layer: Aircraft-based measurements and numerical modeling, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 21,26321,274, 1999.
  • Ellis, W. G.Jr., A. M. Thompson, S. Kondragunta, K. E. Pickering, G. Stenchikov, R. R. Dickerson, and W. K. Tao, Potential ozone production following convective transport based on future emission scenarios, Atmos. Environ., 30, 667672, 1996.
  • Fishman, J., V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, and S. C. Liu, Tropospheric ozone and climate, Nature, 282, 818820, 1979.
  • Fortuin, J. P. F., and H. Kelder, An ozone climatology based on ozonesonde and satellite measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 31,70931,734, 1998.
  • Frost, G. J., et al., Photochemical ozone production in the rural southeastern United States during the 1990 Rural Oxidants in the Southern Environment (ROSE) program, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 22,49122,508, 1998.
  • Hagerman, L. M., V. P. Aneja, and W. A. Lonneman, Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons in the rural southeast United States, Atmos. Environ., 31, 40174038, 1997.
  • Holton, J. R., P. H. Haynes, M. E. McIntyre, A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, and L. Pfister, Stratosphere-troposphere exchange, Rev. Geophys, 33, 403439, 1995.
  • Hoogen, R., V. V. Rozanov, and J. P. Burrows, Ozone profiles from GOME satellite data: Algorithm description and first validation, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 82638280, 1999.
  • Johnson, B. J., S. J. Oltmans, H. Vomel, T. Deshler, and C. Kroger, Electrochemical concentration cell (ECC) ozonesonde pump efficiency measurements and tests on the sensitivity to ozone of buffered and unbuffered ECC sensor cathode solutions, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 4393, doi:10.1029/2001JD000557, 2002.
  • Kalnay, E., et al., The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 437471, 1996.
  • Kim, J. H., M. J. Newchurch, and K. Han, Distribution of Tropical tropospheric ozone determined by the scan-angle method applied to TOMS measurements, J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 26992708, 2001.
  • Komhyr, W. D., Electrochemical cells for gas analysis, Ann. Geophys., 25, 203210, 1969.
  • Komhyr, W. D., R. A. Barnes, G. B. Brothers, J. A. Lanthrop, and D. P. Opperman, Electrochemical concentration cell ozonesonde performance evaluation during STOIC 1989, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 92319244, 1995.
  • Langford, A. O., C. D. Masters, M. H. Proffitt, E.-Y. Hsie, and A. F. Tuck, Ozone measurements in a tropopause fold associated with a cut-off low system, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 25012504, 1996.
  • Liang, J., L. W. Horowitz, D. J. Jacob, Y. Wang, A. M. Fiore, J. A. Logan, G. M. Gardner, and J. W. Munger, Seasonal budgets of reactive nitrogen species and ozone over the United States, and export fluxes to the global atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 13,43513,450, 1998.
  • Liu, S. C., M. Trainer, F. C. Fehsenfeld, D. D. Parrish, E. J. Williams, D. W. Fahey, G. Hübler, and P. C. Murphy, Ozone production in the rural troposphere and the implications for regional and global ozone distributions, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 41914207, 1987.
  • Logan, J. A., Tropospheric ozone: Seasonal behavior, trends, and anthropogenic influence, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 10,46310,482, 1985.
  • Logan, J. A., Trends in the vertical distribution of ozone: An analysis of ozonesonde data, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 25,55325,585, 1994.
  • Logan, J. A., An analysis of ozonesonde data for the lower stratosphere: Recommendations for testing models, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 16,15116,170, 1999a.
  • Logan, J. A., An analysis of ozonesonde data for the troposphere: Recommendations for testing 3-D models and development of a gridded climatology for tropospheric ozone, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 16,11516,149, 1999b.
  • Lucke, R. L., et al., The Polar Ozone and Aerosol Measurement (POAM) III instrument and early validation results, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 18,78518,799, 1999.
  • Marenco, A., et al., Measurement of ozone and water vapor by Airbus in-service aircraft: The MOZAIC airborne program, An overview, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 25,63125,642, 1998.
  • Margitan, J. J., et al., Stratospheric Ozone Intercomparisons Campaigns (STOIC) 1989: Overview, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 91939207, 1995.
  • McPeters, R. D., G. J. Labow, and B. J. Johnson, A satellite-derived ozone climatology for balloonsonde estimation of total column ozone, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 88758885, 1997.
  • Montzka, S. A., M. Trainer, P. D. Goldan, W. C. Kuster, and F. C. Fehsenfeld, Isoprene and its oxidation products, methyl vinyl ketone and methacrolein, in the rural troposphere, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 11011111, 1993.
  • Newchurch, M. J., X. Liu, and J. H. Kim, Lower Tropospheric Ozone (LTO) derived from TOMS near mountainous regions, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 20,40320,412, 2001a.
  • Newchurch, M. J., X. Liu, J. H. Kim, and P. K. Bhartia, On the accuracy of TOMS retrievals over cloudy regions, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 32,31532,326, 2001b.
  • Nouaime, G., S. B. Bertman, C. Seaver, D. Elyea, H. Huang, P. B. Shepson, T. K. Starn, D. D. Riemer, R. G. Zika, and K. Olszyna, Sequential oxidation products from tropospheric isoprene chemistry: MACR and MPAN at a NOx-rich forest environment in the southeastern United States, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 22,46322,471, 1998.
  • Oltmans, S. J., et al., Summer and spring ozone profiles over the North Atlantic from ozonesonde measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 29,17929,200, 1996.
  • Pickering, K. E., R. R. Dickerson, W. T. Luke, and L. J. Nunnermacker, Clear-sky vertical profiles of trace gases as influenced by upstream convective activity, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 14,87914,892, 1989.
  • Pickering, K. E., A. M. Thompson, R. R. Dickerson, W. T. Luke, D. P. McNamara, J. P. Greenberg, and P. R. Zimmerman, Model calculations of tropospheric ozone production potential following observed convective events, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 14,04914,062, 1990.
  • Pickering, K. E., A. Thompson, J. R. Scala, W.-K. Tao, R. Dickerson, and J. Simpson, Free tropospheric ozone production following entrainment of urban plumes into deep convection, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 17,98518,000, 1992.
  • Reid, S. J., G. Vaughan, A. R. W. Marsh, and H. G. J. Smit, Accuracy of ozonesonde measurements in the troposphere, J. Atmos. Chem., 25, 215236, 1996.
  • Reiter, E. R., M. E. Glasser, and J. D. Mahlman, The role of the tropopause in stratospheric-tropospheric exchange processes, Pure Appl. Geophys., 12, 183221, 1969.
  • Reiter, E. R., M. E. Glasser, and J. D. Mahlman, Stratospheric-tropospheric exchange processes, Rev. Geophys., 13, 459474, 1975.
  • Roberts, J. M., et al., Measurements of PAN, PPN, and MPAN made during the 1994 and 1995 Nashville Intensives of the Southern Oxidant Study: Implications for regional ozone production from biogenic hydrocarbons, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 22,47322,490, 1998.
  • Sasano, Y., H. Nakajima, H. Kanzawa, M. Suzuki, T. Yokota, H. Nakane, H. Gernandt, A. Schmidt, A. Herber, V. Yushkov, V. Dorokhov, and T. Deshler, Validation of ILAS version 3.10 ozone with ozonesonde measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 831834, 1999.
  • Sillman, S., et al., Photochemistry of ozone formation in Atlanta, GA-Models and measurements, Atmos. Environ., 29, 30553066, 1995.
  • Starn, T. K., P. B. Shepson, S. B. Bertman, J. S. White, B. G. Splawn, D. D. Riemer, R. G. Zika, and K. Olszyna, Observations of isoprene chemistry and its role in ozone production at a semirural site during the 1995 Southern Oxidants Study, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 22,42522,435, 1998.
  • Tarasick, D. W., J. Davies, K. Anlauf, and M. Watt, Response of ECC and Brewer-Mast sondes to tropospheric ozone, paper presented at Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, Int. Ozone Comm., L'Aquila, Italy, September 1996.
  • Thompson, A. M., K. E. Pickering, R. R. Dickerson, W. G. Ellis Jr., D. J. Jacob, J. R. Scala, W.-K. Tao, D. P. McNamara, and J. Simpson, Convective transport over the central United States and its role in regional CO and ozone budgets, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 18,70318,711, 1994.
  • Thompson, A. M., et al., The 1998–2000 SHADOZ (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes) tropical ozone climatology: Comparison with TOMS and ground-based measurements, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2001JD000967, in press, 2001.
  • Thouret, V., A. Marenco, J. A. Logan, P. Nedelee, and C. Grouhel, Comparisons of ozone measurements from the MOZAIC airborne program and the ozone sounding network at eight locations, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 25,69525,720, 1998a.
  • Thouret, V., A. Marenco, P. Nedelee, and C. Grouhel, Ozone climatologies at 9–12 km altitude as seen by the MOZAIC airborne program between September 1994 and August 1996, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 25,65325,679, 1998b.