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Keywords:

  • stratospheric intrusions;
  • cosmogenic radionuclides;
  • tropospheric ozone;
  • 7Be;
  • 10Be;
  • Alps

[1] In the framework of the European project STACCATO, combined measurements of 10Be and 7Be were carried out regularly during a full year at the high-altitude stations, Jungfraujoch (JUN), Switzerland and Zugspitze (ZUG), Germany. Inspection of the variability of the ratio 10Be/7Be in relation to 10Be, 7Be, and relative humidity (RH) reveals that the ratio is independent from processes that have a clear effect on both radionuclides, such as wet scavenging. High ratio values are generally met under cyclonic or northerly advective conditions, which are the synoptic situations mostly related to stratosphere-to-troposphere transport (STT) events over central Europe, while the 10-day back trajectories indicate a stratospheric source for the majority of the cases within the upper 10% quantile of 10Be/7Be ratios. The monthly 10Be/7Be ratios show a clear May and June peak at JUN and a much weaker seasonality at ZUG. A simple mixing model is used for an independent estimate of the strength of STT throughout the year based on the 7Be and 10Be measurements. In spite of the various uncertainties, the results indicate a seasonal cycle of stratospheric ozone percentage contribution with an early spring maximum (3–11%) and autumn minimum (1–2%) at ZUG, while at JUN, a primary maximum in May and June (6–18%), a secondary maximum in March (4–13%), and a minimum again in autumn (1–4%) are revealed. Although the simple method applied here provides an independent estimate for the impact of STT to the lower troposphere, it nevertheless shows relatively good agreement with Lagrangian model calculations, especially for ZUG.