This is a commentary on DOI:10.1029/2002JD002632
Composition and Chemistry
Characterization of soil dust aerosol in China and its transport and distribution during 2001 ACE-Asia: 2. Model simulation and validation
Article first published online: 2 MAY 2003
Copyright 2003 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)
Volume 108, Issue D9, 16 May 2003
How to Cite
2003), Characterization of soil dust aerosol in China and its transport and distribution during 2001 ACE-Asia: 2. Model simulation and validation, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 4262, doi:10.1029/2002JD002633, D9., , , , , and (
- Issue published online: 2 MAY 2003
- Article first published online: 2 MAY 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 JAN 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 20 NOV 2002
- Manuscript Received: 7 JUN 2002
- soil dust;
 A size-segregated soil dust emission and transport model, Northern Aerosol Regional Climate Model (NARCM), was used to simulate the production and transport of Asian soil dust during the Aerosol Characterization Experiment-Asia (ACE-Asia) period from March to May 2001. The model is driven by the NCEP reanalyzed meteorology and has all the atmospheric aerosol physical processes of soil dust: production, transport, growth, coagulation, and dry and wet deposition. A Chinese soil texture map that infers the soil grain-size distribution with 12 categories was generated to drive the size-distributed soil dust emission scheme [Alfaro et al., 1997; Marticorena and Bergametti, 1995]. The size distribution of vertical dust flux was derived from the observed surface dust-size distribution in the desert regions. Parameters applicable to the Asian deserts for the dust emission scheme are assessed. Model simulations were compared with ground-based measurements in East Asia and North America and with satellite measurements for the same period of time. The model captured most of the dust mobilization episodes during this period in China and reasonably simulated the concentrations in source regions and downwind areas from East China to western North America. About 252.8 Mt of soil dust below d < 40 μm was estimated to be emitted in the East Asian deserts between 1 March and 31 May 2001 with ∼60% attributed to four major dust storms. The vertical dust loadings above 700 hPa correlate reasonably well with Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer aerosol index (TOMS AI) observations. The sensitivity analysis of model performance to soil size distribution, water moisture, and meteorology was carried out with the observational data to establish the most appropriate parameters and conditions for the Chinese soil dust production and transport.