SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Amels, P., H. Elias, U. Götz, U. Steinges, and K. J. Wannowius, Kinetic investigation of the stability of peroxonitric acid and of its reaction with sulfur(IV) in aqueous solution, in Transport and Chemical Transformation of Pollutants in the Troposphere, vol. 2, Heterogeneous and Liquid Phase Processes, edited by P. Warneck, pp. 7788, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996.
  • Atkinson, R., D. L. Baulch, R. A. Cox, R. F. Hampson Jr., J. A. Ker, M. J. Rossi, and J. Troe, Evaluated kinetic and photochemical data for atmospheric chemistry: Supplement V. IUPAC subcommittee on gas kinetic data evaluation for atmospheric chemistry, Atmos. Environ., 30, 39033904, 1996.
  • Barker, G. C., P. Fowles, and B. Stringer, Pulse radiolytic induced transient electrical conductance in liquid solutions of NO3, NO2, and Fe(CN)63−, Trans. Faraday Soc., 66, 15091519, 1970.
  • Barrie, L. A., et al., A comparison of large-scale atmospheric sulphate aerosol models (COSAM): Overview and highlights, Tellus, Ser. B., 53, 615645, 2001.
  • Berry, E. X., and R. L. Reinhardt, An analysis of cloud drops growth by collection: part I. Double distributions, J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 18141824, 1974a.
  • Berry, E. X., and R. L. Reinhardt, An analysis of cloud drop growth by collection: part II. Single initial distributions, J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 18251831, 1974b.
  • Berry, E. X., and R. L. Reinhardt, An analysis of cloud drop growth by collection: part III. Accretion and self-collection, J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 21182126, 1974c.
  • Berry, E. X., and R. L. Reinhardt, An analysis of cloud drop growth by collection: part IV. A new parameterization, J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 21272135, 1974d.
  • Bielski, B. H. J., D. E. Cabelli, R. L. Arudi, and A. B. Ross, Reactivity of HO2/O2 in aqueous solution, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 14, 10411100, 1985.
  • Buxton, G. V., N. D. Wood, and S. Dyster, Ionisation constants of OH and HO2 in aqueous solution, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 84, 11131121, 1988.
  • Buxton, G. V., S. McGowan, G. A. Salmon, J. E. Williams, and N. D. Wood, A study of the spectra and reactivity of oxysulphur radical anions involved in the chain oxidation of S(IV): A pulse and gamma-radiolysis study, Atmos. Environ., 30, 24832493, 1996.
  • Chin, M., D. L. Savoie, B. J. Huebert, A. R. Bandy, D. C. Thornton, T. S. Bates, P. K. Quinn, E. S. Saltzman, and W. J. De Bruyn, Atmospheric sulfur cycle simulated in the global model GOCART: Comparison with field observations and regional budgets, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 24,68924,712, 2000.
  • Christensen, H., and K. Sehested, HO2 and O2 radicals at elevated temperatures, J. Phys. Chem., 92, 30073011, 1988.
  • Clegg, S. L., and P. Brimblecombe, Solubility of volatile electrolytes in multicomponent solutions with atmospheric application, ACS Symp. Ser., 416, 5873, 1990.
  • Cotton, F. A., and G. Wilkinson, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 4th ed., John Wiley, New York, 1980.
  • Dentener, F., J. Williams, and S. Metzger, Aqueous phase reaction of HNO4: The impact on tropospheric chemistry, J. Atmos. Chem., 41, 109134, 2002.
  • Drexler, C., H. Elias, B. Fecher, and K. J. Wannowius, Kinetic investigation of sulfur(IV) oxidation by peroxo compounds R-OOH in aqueous solution, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 340, 605615, 1991.
  • Eigen, M., W. Krause, G. Maass, and L. Demaeyer, Rate constants of photolytic reactions in aqueous solution, in Progress in Reaction Kinetics, vol. 2, edited by G. Porter, chap. 6, pp. 285318, Macmillan, Old Tappan, N. J., 1964.
  • Facchini, M. C., Clouds, atmospheric chemistry and climate, IGAC Activ. Newsl., 26, 1319, 2002.
  • Feichter, J., E. Kjellström, H. Rodhe, F. Dentener, J. Lelieveld, and G.-J. Roelofs, Simulation of the tropospheric sulfur cycle in a global climate model, Atmos. Environ., 30, 16931707, 1996.
  • George, C., and J.-M. Chovelon, A laser flash photolysis study of the decay of SO4 and Cl2 radical anions in the presence of Cl in aqueous solutions, Chemosphere, 47, 385393, 2002.
  • Goldstein, S., and G. Czapski, Reactivity of peroxynitric acid (O2NOOH): A pulse radiolysis study, Inorg. Chem., 36, 41564162, 1997.
  • Götz, U., Kinetische Untersuchung von Reaktionen der Peroxosalpetersäure in wäßriger Lösung, Ph.D. thesis, Tech. Hochsch. Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany, 1996.
  • Grigor'ev, A. E., I. E. Makarov, and A. K. Pikaev, Formation of Cl2 in the bulk solution during the radiolysis of concentrated aqueous solutions of chloride, High Energy Chem., 21, 99102, 1987.
  • Hanson, D. R., J. B. Burkholder, C. J. Howard, and A. R. Ravishankara, Measurements of OH and HO2 radical uptake coefficients on water and sulfuric acid surfaces, J. Phys. Chem., 96, 49794985, 1992.
  • Herrmann, H., and R. Zellner, Reactions of NO3 radical in aqueous solutions, in N-Centered Radicals, edited by Z. B. Alfassi, pp. 291343, John Wiley, New York, 1998.
  • Herrmann, H., H.-W. Jacobi, G. Raabe, A. Reese, and R. Zellner, Laboratory studies of free radicals reactions with tropospheric aqueous phase constituents, in Air Pollution Report 57: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Chemical Processes in the Troposphere, edited by P. Mirabel, pp. 9095, Off. for Off. Publ. of the Eur. Comm., Luxembourg, 1996.
  • Herrmann, H., B. Ervens, and D. Weise, Sulfur chemistry in clouds, IGAC Activ. Newsl., 23, 69, 2001.
  • Huret, N., N. Chaumerliac, H. Isaka, and E. C. Nickerson, Influence of different microphysical schemes on the prediction of dissolution of nonreactive gases by cloud droplets and raindrops, J. Appl. Meteorol., 33, 10961109, 1994.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Climate Change (2001): The Scientific Basis, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York, 2001.
  • Jacob, D. J., Chemistry of OH in remote clouds and its role in the production of formic acid and peroxymonosulfate, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 98079826, 1986.
  • Jacobi, H.-W., Kinetische Untersuchungen und Modellrechnungen zur troposphärischen Chemie von Radikalanionen und Ozon in wäßriger Phase, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. GH-Essen, Essen, Germany, 1996.
  • Lelieveld, J., and P. J. Crutzen, Influences of cloud photochemical processes on tropospheric ozone, Nature, 343, 227233, 1990.
  • Leriche, M., D. Voisin, N. Chaumerliac, A. Monod, and B. Aumont, A model for tropospheric multiphase chemistry: Application to one cloudy event during the CIME experiment, Atmos. Environ., 34, 50155036, 2000.
  • Leriche, M., N. Chaumerliac, and A. Monod, Coupling quasi-spectral microphysics with multiphase chemistry: A case study of a polluted air mass at the top of the Puy de Dequation imageme mountain (France), Atmos. Environ., 35, 54115423, 2001.
  • Maahs, H. G., Sulfur dioxide/water equilibrium between 0 degrees and 50 degrees Celsius, and examination of data at low concentrations, in Heterogenous Atmospheric Chemistry, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 6, edited by D. R. Schryer, pp. 187195, AGU, Washington, D. C., 1982.
  • Madronich, S., and J. G. Calvert, The NCAR Master Mechanism of the gas phase chemistry, NCAR Tech. Note TN-333+SRT, Natl. Cent. for Atmos. Res., Boulder Colo., 1990.
  • Neta, P., R. E. Huie, and A. B. Ross, Rate constant for reactions of peroxy radicals in fluid solutions, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 100, 32413247, 1990.
  • Noone, K. J., R. J. Charlson, D. S. Covert, J. A. Ogren, and J. Heintzenberg, Design and calibration of a counterflow virtual impactor for sampling of atmospheric fog and cloud droplets, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 8, 235244, 1988.
  • Park, J. Y., and Y.-N. Lee, Solubility and decomposition kinetics of nitrous acid in aqueous solution, J. Phys. Chem., 92, 62946302, 1988.
  • Raabe, G., Eine Laserphotolytische Studie zur Kinetik der Reaktionen des NO3Radicals in Wäßriger Lösung, Cuvillier, Göttingen, Germany, 1996.
  • Reese, A., UV/VIS-spektrometrische und kinetische Untersuchungen von radikalen Sox- (x = 3, 4, 5) in wäßriger Lösung, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Essen, Essen, Germany, 1997.
  • Rudich, Y., R. K. Talukdar, A. R. Ravishankara, and R. W. Fox, Reactive uptake of NO3 on pure water and ionic solutions, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 21,02321,032, 1996.
  • Schwartz, S. E., Mass-transport considerations pertinent to aqueous phase reactions of gases in liquid water clouds, in Chemistry of Multiphase Atmospheric Systems, NATO ASI Ser., vol. G, 6, edited by W. Jaeschke, pp. 415472, Spinger, New York, 1986.
  • Schwartz, S. E., and W. H. White, Kinetics of reactive dissolution of nitrogen oxides into aqueous solution, Adv. Environ. Sci. Technol., 12, 1115, 1983.
  • Sehested, K., J. Holcman, and E. J. Hart, Rate constants and products of the reactions of eaq, O2, and H with ozone in aqueous solutions, J. Phys. Chem., 87, 19511954, 1983.
  • Sehested, K., J. Holcman, E. Bjerbakke, and E. J. Hart, A pulse radiolytic study of the reaction OH + O3 in aqueous medium, J. Phys. Chem., 88, 41444147, 1984.
  • Voisin, D., M. Legrand, and N. Chaumerliac, Investigations of the scavenging of acidic gases and ammonia in mixed liquid solid water clouds at the Puy de Dequation imageme mountain (France), J. Geophys. Res., 105, 68176836, 2000.
  • Warneck, P., Chemistry of the Natural Atmosphere, Int. Geophys. Ser., vol. 71, 2nd ed., edited by R. Dmowska, J. R. Holton, and H. T. Rossby, 927 pp., Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2000.
  • Williams, J. E., F. J. Dentener, and A. R. van den Berg, The influence of cloud chemistry on HOx and NOx in the moderately polluted Marine Boundary Layer: A 1-D modeling study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2, 277302, 2002.