HYCELL—A new hybrid model of the rain horizontal distribution for propagation studies: 2. Statistical modeling of the rain rate field



[1] A methodology to simulate typical two-dimensional rain rate fields over an observation area Ao of a few tens up to a few hundreds of square kilometers (i.e., the scale of a satellite telecommunication beam or a terrestrial Broadband Wireless Access network) is proposed. The scenes generated account for the climatological characteristics intrinsic to the simulation area Ao. The methodology consists of the conglomeration of rain cells modeled by HYCELL and of two analytical expressions of the rain cell spatial density, both derived from the statistical distribution of the rain cell size. The scene generating requires, as an input parameter, the local Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF) of the rain rate, a meteorological data commonly available throughout the world. The rain rate field is then generated numerically, according to an iterative scheme, under the constraint of accurately reproducing the local CDF intrinsic to the simulation area Ao, and following rigorously the rain cell spatial density. All the potentialities of the HYCELL model are thus used in order to generate a two-dimensional scene having a mixed composition of hybrid, gaussian, and exponential cells accounting for the local climatological characteristics. Various scenes are then simulated throughout the world, showing the ability of the method to reproduce the local CDF, with a mean error, with respect to the rain rate distribution, smaller than 1.86%, whatever the location, that is, whatever the climatology. It is suggested that this statistical modeling of the rain rate field horizontal structure be used as a tool by system designers to evaluate, at any location of the world, diversity gain, terrestrial path attenuation, or slant path attenuation for different azimuth and elevation angle directions.