• Adams, W. G., Comparison of simultaneous magnetic disturbance at several observatories, Phil. Trans. London (A), 755, 131, 1892.
  • Broun, J. A., On the horizontal force of the Earth's magnetism, Proc. R. Soc. Edinburgh, 22, 511, 1861.
  • Burch, J. L., The fury of space storms, Scientific American, 284, 8694, 2001.
  • Chapman, S., An outline of a theory of magnetic storms, Proc. R. Soc. London, A95, 61, 1919.
  • Chapman, S., Earth storms: Retrospect and prospect, J. Phys. Soc. Japan, 17A-1, 616, 1962.
  • Chapman, S., Perspective, Physics of Geomagnetic PhenomenaMatsushita, S., and W. H. Campbell, 328, Academic Press, New York, 1967.
  • Chapman, S., and J. Bartels, Geomagnetism, 321327, Oxford University Press, London, 1940.
  • Daglis, I. A., Terrestrial agents in the realm of space storms: Missions study oxygen ions, Eos, Trans., AGU, 78, 245, 1997.
  • Moos, N. A. F., Colaba magnetic data 1846 to 1905. Part I: Magnetic data and instruments. Part II: the phenomenon and its description, Bombay India, 1910.
  • vonHumboldt, A., Die vollständigste aller bisherigen Beobachtungen ïber den Einfluss des Nordlichts auf die Magnetnadel, Annalen der Physik, 29, 425429, 1808.