SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aagaard, K., and E. C. Carmack (1989), The role of sea ice and other fresh water in the Arctic circulation, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 14,48514,498.
  • Berner, E., and R. Berner (1996), Global Environment: Water, Air, and Geochemical Cycles, Prentice Hall, Old Tappan, N. J.
  • Brabets, T. P., B. Wang, and R. H. Meade (2000), Environmental and hydrological overview of the Yukon River Basin, Alaska and Canada, Water Resour. Invest. Rep. 99-4204, U. S. Geol. Surv., Reston, Va.
  • Brunskill, G. J., P. Campbell, S. Elliott, B. W. Graham, and G. W. Modern (1975), Rates of transport of total phosphorus and total nitrogen in Mackenzie and Yukon River watersheds, N.W.T. and Y.T., Canada, Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol., 19, 31993203.
  • Cembella, A. D., N. J. Antia, and F. J. R. Taylor (1986), Determination of total dissolved phosphorus in seawater by nitrate oxidation of the organic component, Water Resour., 20, 11971199.
  • Clark, L. L., E. D. Ingall, and R. Benner (1999), Marine organic phosphorus cycling: Novel insights from nuclear magnetic resonance, Am. J. Sci., 2999, 724737.
  • DeMaster, D. J., and R. H. Pope (1996), Nutrient dynamics in Amazon shelf waters: Results from AMASSEDS, Cont. Shelf Res., 16, 263289.
  • Edmond, J. M., and Y. Huh (1997), Chemical weathering yields from basement and orogenic terrains in hot and cold climates, in Tectonic Uplift and Climate Change, edited by W. F. Ruddiman, pp. 329351, Plenum, New York.
  • Environment Canada (1978), Water quality data, Manitoba, 1961–1976; Water quality data, Northwest Territories, 1960–1973: Ottawa, report, Inland Waters Direct. Water Qual. Branch, Ottawa.
  • Freeman, C., C. D. Evans, D. T. Monteith, B. Reynolds, and N. Fenner (2001), Export of organic carbon from peat soils: Warmer conditions may be a blame for the exodus of peatland carbon to the oceans, Nature, 412, 785.
  • Gordeev, V. V. (2000), River input of water, sediment, major ions, nutrients and trace metals from Russian territory to the Arctic Ocean, in The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean, edited by E. L. Lewis et al., pp. 297322, Kluwer, Norwell, Mass.
  • Granskog, M. A., and J. Virkanen (2001), Observations on sea-ice and surface-water geochemistry: Implications for importance of sea ice in geochemical cycles in the northern Baltic Sea, Ann. Glaciol., 33, 311316.
  • Grasshoff, K., K. Kremling, and M. Ehrhardt (1999), Methods of Seawater Analysis, John Wiley, New York.
  • Guéguen, C., D. Wang, and L. D. Guo (2003), Optical properties of natural organic matter in the Yukon River Basin, Tohoku Geophys. J., 36(4), 434438.
  • Guo, L., C. H. Coleman Jr., and P. H. Santschi (1994), The distribution of colloidal and dissolved organic carbon in the Gulf of Mexico, Mar. Chem., 45, 105119.
  • Guo, L., J. L. Lehner, D. M. White, and D. S. Garland (2003a), Heterogeneity of natural organic matter from the Chena River, Alaska, Water Res., 37, 10151122.
  • Guo, L., N. Tanaka, D. M. Schell, and P. H. Santschi (2003b), Nitrogen and carbon isotopic composition of high-molecular-weight dissolved organic matter in marine environments, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 252, 5160.
  • Guo, L., I. P. Semiletov, O. Gustafsson, J. Ingri, P. Andersson, O. Dudarev, and D. M. White (2004), Characterization of Siberian Arctic coastal sediments: Implications for terrestrial organic carbon export, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi:10.1029/2003GB002087, in press.
  • Holmes, R. M., B. J. Peterson, V. V. Gordeev, A. V. Zhulidov, M. Meybeck, R. B. Lammers, and C. J. Vorosmarty (2000), Flux of nutrients from Russian Rivers to the Arctic Ocean: Can we establish a baseline against which to judge future changes? Water Resour. Res., 36, 23092320.
  • Holmes, R. M., J. W. McClelland, B. J. Peterson, I. A. Shiklomanov, A. Shiklomanov, A. V. Zhulidov, V. V. Gordeev, and N. N. Bobrovitskaya (2002), A circumpolar perspective on fluvial sediment flux to the Arctic Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 16, 1098, doi:10.1029/2001GB001849.
  • Houghton, J. T., Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, N. Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C. A. Johnson (2001), Climate Change 2001, The Scientific Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Huh, Y., M. Y. Tson, A. Zaitsev, and J. M. Edmond (1998), The fluvial geochemistry of the rivers of Eastern Siberia: I. Tributaries of the Lena River draining the sedimentary platform of the Siberian Craton, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 62, 16571676.
  • Humborg, C., A. Danielsson, B. Sjoberg, and M. Green (2003), Nutrient land-sea fluxes in oligotrophic and pristine estuaries of the Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Sea, Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci., 56, 781793.
  • Jorgenson, M. T., C. H. Racine, J. C. Walters, and T. E. Osterkamp (2001), Permafrost degradation and ecological changes associated with a warming climate in central Alaska, Clim. Change, 48, 551579.
  • Lara, R. J., V. Rachold, G. Kattner, H. W. Hubberten, G. Guggenberger, A. Skoog, and D. N. Thomas (1998), Dissolved organic matter and nutrients in the Lena River, Siberian Arctic: Characteristics and distribution, Mar. Chem., 59, 301309.
  • Liu, S. M., J. Zhang, H. T. Chen, Y. Wu, H. Xiong, and Z. F. Zhang (2003), Nutrients in the Changjiang and its tributaries, Biogeochemistry, 62, 118.
  • MacLean, R., M. W. Oswood, J. G. Irons III, and J. W. McClelland (1999), The effect of permafrost on stream biogeochemistry: A case study of two streams in the Alaska (USA) taiga, Biogeochemistry, 42, 239267.
  • Mayer, L. M., and S. P. Gloss (1980), Buffering of silica and phosphate in a turbid river, Limnol. Oceanogr., 25, 1222.
  • Mayer, L. M., R. G. Keil, S. A. Macko, S. B. Joye, K. C. Ruttenberg, and R. C. Aller (1998), Importance of suspended particulates in riverine delivery of bioavailable nitrogen to coastal zones, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 12, 573579.
  • McClain, M. E., R. L. Victoria, and J. E. Richey (2001), The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin, 384 pp., Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
  • Meybeck, M. (1982), Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus transport by world rivers, Am. J. Sci., 282, 401450.
  • Millot, R., J. Gallardet, B. Dupre, and C. J. Allegre (2002), The global control of silicate weathering rates and the coupling with physical erosion: New insights from rivers of the Canada Shield, Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 196, 8398.
  • Millot, R., J. Gallardet, B. Dupre, and C. J. Allegre (2003), Northern latitude chemical weathering rates: Clues from the Mackenzie River Basin, Canada, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 67, 13051329.
  • Peterson, B. J., R. M. Holmes, J. W. McClelland, C. J. Vorosmarty, I. A. Shiklomanov, A. I. Shiklomanov, R. B. Lammers, and S. Rahmstorf (2002), Increasing river discharge to the Arctic Ocean, Science, 298, 21712173.
  • Rabalais, N. N., W. J. Wiseman, R. E. Turner, B. K. Gupta, and Q. Dortch (1996), Nutrient changes in the Mississippi River and the system responses on the adjacent continental shelf, Estuaries, 28, 386407.
  • Smith, R. A., R. B. Alexander, and G. E. Schwarz (2003), Natural background concentrations of nutrients in streams and rivers of the conterminous United States, Environ. Sci. Technol., 37, 30393047.
  • Solorzano, C., and J. Sharp (1980), Determination of total dissolved phosphorus and particulate phosphorus in natural waters, Limnol. Oceanogr., 25, 754758.
  • Springer, A. M., C. P. McRoy, and M. V. Flint (1996), The Bering Sea green belt: Shelf-edge processes and ecosystem production, Fish. Oceanogr., 5, 205223.
  • Suchet, P. A., J. L. Probst, and W. Ludwig (2003), Worldwide distribution of continental rock lithology: Implications for the atmospheric/soil CO2 uptake by continental weathering and alkalinity river transport to the oceans, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 17, 1038, doi:10.1029/2002GB001891.
  • Turner, R. E., N. N. Rabalais, D. Justic, and Q. Dortch (2003), Global patterns of dissolved N, P, and Si in large rivers, Biogeochemistry, 64, 297317.
  • Warnken, K. W. (2002), The importance of colloids in the transfer of trace metals across the sediment-water interface, Ph.D. thesis, Texas A&M Univ., College Station, Texas.
  • Wetzel, R. G. (2001), Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystem, 3rd ed., 850 pp., Academic, San Diego, Calif.
  • Zhang, J.-Z., and G. A. Berberian (1997), Determination of dissolved silicate in estuarine and coastal waters by gas segmented continuous flow colorimetric analysis, in Methods for the Determination of Chemical Substances in Marine and Estuarine Environmental Matrices, 2nd ed., EPA/600/R-97/072, Environ. Prot. Agency, Washington, D. C.
  • Zhang, J.-Z., and J. Chi (2002), Automated analysis of nanomolar concentrations of phosphate in natural waters with liquid wave-guide, Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, 10481053.
  • Zhang, J.-Z., P. B. Ortner, and C. Fischer (1997), Determination of nitrite and nitrate in estuarine and coastal waters by gas segmented continuous flow colorimetric analysis, in Methods for the Determination of Chemical Substances in Marine and Estuarine Environmental Matrices, 2nd ed., EPA/600/R-97/072, Environ. Prot. Agency, Washington, D. C.
  • Zhang, J.-Z., C. Fischer, and P. B. Ortner (1999), Optimization of performance and minimization of silicate interference in continuous flow phosphate analysis, Talanta, 49, 293304.
  • Zhang, J.-Z., C. Fischer, and P. B. Ortner (2000), Comparison of open tubular cadmium reactor and packed cadmium column in automated gas-segmented continuous flow nitrate analysis, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 76(2), 99113.