SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aagaard, K., The Beaufort Undercurrent, in The Alaskan Beaufort Sea, ecosystems and environments, edited by P. W. Barnes, D. M. Schell, and E. Reimnitz, Academic, Orlando, FL, 4771, 1984.
  • Aagaard, K., L. K. Coachman, and E. C. Carmack, On the halocline of the Arctic Ocean, Deep-Sea Res., 28, 529545, 1981.
  • Aagaard, K., D. Darby, K. K. Falkner, G. Flato, J. Grebmeier, C. Measures, and J. E. Walsh, Marine Science in the Arctic: A Strategy, Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS), Fairbanks, AK, 84 pp., 1999.
  • Brink, K. H., Wind-driven currents over the continental shelf, in The Sea: The Global Coastal Ocean. Processes and Methods, edited by K. H. Brink, and A. R. Robinson, John Wiley and Sons, 10, 321, 1998.
  • Buckley, J. R., T. Gammelsrød, J. A. Johannessen, O. M. Johannessen, and L. P. Røed, Upwelling: oceanic structure at the edge of the arctic pack ice in winter, Science, 203, 165167, 1979.
  • Cameron, W. M., Hydrography and oceanography of the Southeast Beaufort Sea and Amundsen Gulf; Part 1: Observations in 1951, Institute of Oceanography, University of British Columbia. 1951.
  • Carmack, E. C., The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean: Sources, Storage and Sinks, in The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean, edited by E. L. Lewis, NATO Advanced Research Series, pp. 91126, 2000.
  • Carmack, E. C., and Y. A. Kulikov, Wind-forced upwelling and internal Kelvin wave generation in Mackenzie Canyon, Beaufort Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 18,44718,458, 1998.
  • Carmack, E. C., R. W. Macdonald, and J. E. Papadakis, Water mass structure and boundaries in the Mackenzie Shelf Estuary, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 18,04318,055, 1989.
  • Carmack, E. C., and R. W. Macdonald, Oceanography of the Canadian Shelf of the Beaufort Sea: A Stetting for Marine Life, Arctic, 55, SUPP. 1, 2945, 2002.
  • Clarke, A. J., On wind-driven quasi-geostrophic water movement at fast ice edges, Deep-Sea Res., 25, 4151, 1978.
  • Cosimo, J. C., A rapidly declining perennial sea ice cover in the Arctic, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(20), 2002.
  • Fissel, D. B., and C. L. Tang, Response of sea ice drift to wind forcing on the northeastern Newfoundland Shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 18,39718,409, 1991.
  • Gammelsrød, T., M. Mork, and L. P. Røed, Upwelling possibilities at an ice edge: Homogenous model, Mar. Sci. Comm., 1, 115145, 1975.
  • Kulikov, E. A., E. C. Carmack, and R. W. Macdonald, Flow variability at the continental shelf break of the Mackenzie shelf in the Beaufort Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 12,72512,741, 1998.
  • Macdonald, R. W., Arctic estuaries and ice: A positive-negative estuarine couple, in The freshwater budget of the Arctic Ocean, edited by E. L. Lewis, E. P. Jones, P. Lemke, T. Prouse, and P. Wadhams, Kluwer, Boston, 383407, 2000.
  • Macdonald, R. W., C.-S. Wong, and P. Erikson, The distribution of nutrients in the southeastern Beaufort Sea: Implications for water circulation and primary production, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 29392952, 1987.
  • Melling, H., The formation of a haline shelf front in wintertime in an ice-covered arctic sea, Cont. Shelf Res., 13, 11231147, 1993.
  • Niebauer, H. J., Wind- and melt-driven circulation in a marginal sea ice edge frontal system: A numerical model, Cont. Shelf Res., 1, 4998, 1982.
  • Omstedt, A., E. C. Carmack, and R. W. Macdonald, Modeling the seasonal cycle of salinity in the Mackenzie shelf/estuary, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 10,01110,021, 1994.
  • Overland, J. E., and C. H. Pease, Modeling ice dynamics of Coastal Seas, Journal of Geophysical Research, 93, 15,61915,637, 1988.
  • Shimada, K., E. C. Carmack, K. Hatakeyama, and T. Takizawa, Varieties of shallow temperature maximum waters in the Western Canadian Basin of the Arctic Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 34413444, 2001.
  • Vinnikov, K. Y., A. Robock, R. J. Stouffer, J. E. Walsh, C. L. Parkinson, D. J. Cavalieri, J. F. B. Mitchell, D. Garett, and V. F. Zakharov, Global warming and northern hemisphere sea ice extent, Science, 286, 19341937, 1999.
  • Wassmann, P., Retention versus export food chains: Processes controlling sinking loss from marine pelagic systems, Hydrobiologia, 363, 2957, 1998.