Relationship between surface atmospheric convergence over Indian Ocean and Indian rainfall

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Abstract

[1] Atmospheric convergence regions over the tropical Indian Ocean have been mapped for the first time using 31 years of vector wind data. The convergence fields reveal that the energetic summer monsoon winds enhance convergence in the central Arabian Sea and in the eastern Bay of Bengal when compared with weak winter monsoon winds. The summer monsoon is also effective in spatial migration of convergence regions in both basins. Area-integrated convergence time series reveals an annual cycle with high amplitude during summer monsoon, which occurs in phase with Indian rainfall. The study explores the prospects of using the convergence as one of the predictors of Indian rainfall.

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