Bioluminescence imaging of wave-induced turbulence
Article first published online: 3 JAN 2004
Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978–2012)
Volume 109, Issue C1, January 2004
How to Cite
2004), Bioluminescence imaging of wave-induced turbulence, J. Geophys. Res., 109, C01004, doi:10.1029/2003JC001871., , , and (
- Issue published online: 3 JAN 2004
- Article first published online: 3 JAN 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 SEP 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 30 JUL 2003
- Manuscript Received: 25 MAR 2003
- wave mixing;
 The ability to measure turbulent processes on small spatial and temporal scales is a long standing problem in physical oceanography. Here we explore a novel means of measuring fluid shear stress using the cell flashing behavior of bioluminescent dinoflagellates. To illustrate this technique, we present estimates of the heterogeneous, time-varying shear stress inside a breaking wave crest. These results have implications for a better understanding of upper ocean wave physics, air-sea gas transfer, and the biology of planktonic near-surface organisms as well as providing a new quantitative fluid visualization tool.