Geologic context of geodetic data across a Basin and Range normal fault, Crescent Valley, Nevada
Article first published online: 16 APR 2004
Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union.
Volume 23, Issue 2, April 2004
How to Cite
2004), Geologic context of geodetic data across a Basin and Range normal fault, Crescent Valley, Nevada, Tectonics, 23, TC2015, doi:10.1029/2003TC001528., , , and (
- Issue published online: 16 APR 2004
- Article first published online: 16 APR 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 NOV 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 16 OCT 2003
- Manuscript Received: 31 MAR 2003
- slip rate;
- active tectonics;
- multiple timescale
 Geodetic strain and late Quaternary faulting in the Basin and Range province is distributed over a region much wider than historic seismicity, which is localized near the margins of the province. In the relatively aseismic interior, both the magnitude and direction of geodetic strain may be inconsistent with the Holocene faulting record. We document the best example of such a disagreement across the NE striking, ∼55° NW dipping Crescent normal fault, where a NW oriented, 70 km geodetic baseline records contemporary shortening of ∼2 mm/yr orthogonal to the fault trace. In contrast, our geomorphic, paleoseismic, and geochronologic analyses of the Crescent fault suggest that a large extensional rupture occurred during the late Holocene epoch. An excavation across the fault at Fourmile Canyon reveals that the most recent event occurred at 2.8 ± 0.1 ka, with net vertical tectonic displacement of 4.6 ± 0.4 m at this location, corresponding to the release of ∼3 m of accumulated NW-SE extension. Measured alluvial scarp profiles suggest a minimum rupture length of 30 km along the range front for the event, implying a moment magnitude Mw of at least 6.6. No prior event occurred between ∼2.8 ka and ∼6.4 ± 0.1 ka, the 14C calender age of strata near the base of the exposed section. Assuming typical slip rates for Basin and Range faults (∼0.3 mm/yr), these results imply that up to one third, or ∼1 m, of the extensional strain released in the previous earthquake could have reaccumulated across the fault since ∼2.8 ka. However, the contemporary shortening implies that the fault is unloading due to a transient process, whose duration is limited to between 6 years (geodetic recording time) and 2.8 ka (the age of the most recent event). These results emphasize the importance of providing accurate geologic data on the timescale of the earthquake cycle in order to evaluate geodetic measurements.