Hydrogeochemistry and Water Chemistry
Conservative and reactive solute transport in constructed wetlands
Article first published online: 27 JAN 2004
Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union.
Water Resources Research
Volume 40, Issue 1, January 2004
How to Cite
2004), Conservative and reactive solute transport in constructed wetlands, Water Resour. Res., 40, W01201, doi:10.1029/2003WR002130., , , , , and (
- Issue published online: 27 JAN 2004
- Article first published online: 27 JAN 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 OCT 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 8 AUG 2003
- Manuscript Received: 7 MAR 2003
- constructed wetlands;
- transient storage
 The transport of bromide, a conservative tracer, and rhodamine WT (RWT), a photodegrading tracer, was evaluated in three wastewater-dependent wetlands near Phoenix, Arizona, using a solute transport model with transient storage. Coupled sodium bromide and RWT tracer tests were performed to establish conservative transport and reactive parameters in constructed wetlands with water losses ranging from (1) relatively impermeable (15%), (2) moderately leaky (45%), and (3) significantly leaky (76%). RWT first-order photolysis rates and sorption coefficients were determined from independent field and laboratory experiments. Individual wetland hydraulic profiles influenced the extent of transient storage interaction in stagnant water areas and consequently RWT removal. Solute mixing and transient storage interaction occurred in the impermeable wetland, resulting in 21% RWT mass loss from main channel and storage zone photolysis (10%) and sorption (11%) reactions. Advection and dispersion governed solute transport in the leaky wetland, limiting RWT photolysis removal (1.2%) and favoring main channel sorption (3.6%). The moderately leaky wetland contained islands parallel to flow, producing channel flow and minimizing RWT losses (1.6%).