Seismic, acoustic, and thermal network monitors the 2003 eruption of Stromboli Volcano



The date 28 December 2002, heralded the onset of a 7-month-long effusive eruption at Stromboli volcano in Italy. The onset was accompanied on 30 December by a large landslide (Figure 1). This landslide produced a tsunami that damaged the villages on Stromboli and affected coastal zones around the southern Tyrrhenian Sea [Pino et al., 2004]. Following the landslide, the eruption was mostly characterized by effusive activity with lava flows extending from vents between 500 and 650 m above sea level. Simultaneously, Stromboli's typical explosive activity died out, with no explosions from the summit craters during the initial months of the eruption. However, a major explosive event on 5 April 2003 caused considerable alarm.