Examining subsurface radionuclide movement: Natural and anthropogenic sources
Article first published online: 3 JUN 2011
©2004. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union
Volume 85, Issue 40, pages 387–389, 5 October 2004
How to Cite
2004), Examining subsurface radionuclide movement: Natural and anthropogenic sources, Eos Trans. AGU, 85(40), 387–389, doi:10.1029/2004EO400006.(
- Issue published online: 3 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 3 JUN 2011
- Cited By
Radioactively contaminated land and regions of high natural background radioactivity are causes of concern in several parts of the world. Anthropogenic sources are associated with large-scale, historic uranium mining/processing, with facilities that operated during the earliest years of nuclear power and nuclear weapons programs, and with accidental releases of radioactivity (e.g., Chernobyl, in 1986).
Since 1990, much information has emerged on anthropogenic sources, especially from eastern European and former Soviet Union countries. Multinational projects such as the Swiss National Science Foundation SCOPES 2000 (scientific cooperation between eastern Europe and Switzerland) Russia-Ukraine-Switzerland project have assessed specific problem sites. Remediation projects and contaminated sites are being used as case studies to untangle geochemical and hydrogeological processes controlling radionuclide behavior in groundwater systems.