Empirical-statistical downscaling in climate modeling



Research into possible impacts of a climate change requires descriptions of local and regional climate. For instance, the local and regional aspect of a climate change is stressed in the U.S. Strategic Plan for the Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) (http://www.climate-science.gov/Library/stratplan2003/default.htm). Global climate models (GCMs) are important tools for studying climate change and making projections for the future. Although GCMs provide realistic representations of large-scale aspects of climate, they generally do not give good descriptions of the local and regional scales. It is nevertheless possible to relate large-scale climatic features to smaller spatial scales.