• oxygen isotopes;
  • 17O;
  • 14C;
  • 18O;
  • primary production;
  • subtropical ocean;
  • North Pacific

[1] We measured gross primary productivity (GPP) in vitro and GPP and net community production (NCP) in situ on four cruises to the Hawaii Ocean Time series (HOT) station ALOHA during 2002–2003. In vitro GPP, determined by 18O labeling, yielded integrated production (0–100 m) that was on average 1.5 times the 14C integrated production. Mean integrated productivity from two winter and two summer cruises was 575 mg C m−2d−1 and 930 mg C m−2d−1, respectively. In situ GPP, determined from the triple-isotope composition of dissolved O2, averaged 910 mg C m−2d−1 in the winter and 1225 mg C m−2d−1 in the summer/fall, with an uncertainty of ±40%. The NCP/GPP ratio, determined using O2/Ar gas ratio and oxygen isotope measurements, was around 0.1 in the summer, close to the canonical f-ratio for the open ocean, indicating station ALOHA is a net autotrophic system during summer months. The consistently higher gross carbon production measured by the in situ method, which integrates production over the ∼2-week residence time of O2 in the mixed layer, suggests that aperiodic bursts of production contribute significantly to time-averaged mean productivity at station ALOHA.