On measuring the off-equatorial conductivity before and during convective ionospheric storms
Article first published online: 15 SEP 2004
Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 31, Issue 17, September 2004
How to Cite
2004), On measuring the off-equatorial conductivity before and during convective ionospheric storms, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L17805, doi:10.1029/2004GL020423., , , and (
- Issue published online: 15 SEP 2004
- Article first published online: 15 SEP 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 AUG 2004
- Manuscript Revised: 10 JUL 2004
- Manuscript Received: 3 MAY 2004
 One of the biggest unknowns in the CIS/ESF (Convective Ionospheric Storms/Equatorial Spread F) Space Weather problem now can be measured. Radio occultations of the GPS constellation will be measurable on a regular basis during the COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate) and C/NOFS (Communications/Navigation Outage Forecast System) satellite era. These measurements can be used to determine the plasma density versus height and hence, the off-equatorial height-integrated conductivity.