Response of terrestrial ecosystems to recent Northern Hemispheric drought
Article first published online: 19 MAR 2005
Copyright 2005 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 32, Issue 6, March 2005
How to Cite
2005), Response of terrestrial ecosystems to recent Northern Hemispheric drought, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L06705, doi:10.1029/2004GL022043., , , and (
- Issue published online: 19 MAR 2005
- Article first published online: 19 MAR 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 FEB 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 17 JAN 2005
- Manuscript Received: 19 NOV 2004
 Satellite normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) observations reveal large and geographically extensive decreases in vegetation activity in Eurasia and North America between 1999 and 2002. In 2001, 73% of central southwest Asia exhibited NDVI anomalies that were more than one standard deviation below 21-year average conditions, and in 2002, fully 95% of North America exhibited below-average NDVI. This episode of large-scale vegetation browning coincided with a prolonged period of below-normal precipitation in the Northern Hemisphere, which limited moisture availability for plant growth. Spatio-temporal dynamics of NDVI, precipitation, and sea surface temperature data reveal that synchronous patterns of ocean circulation anomalies in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indo-Pacific are strongly correlated with observed joint variability in NDVI and precipitation in the Northern Hemisphere during this period.