SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abas, M., B. R. T. Simoneit, V. Elias, J. A. Cabral, and J. N. Cardoso (1995), Composition of higher molecular weight organic matter in smoke aerosol from biomass combustion in Amazonia, Chemosphere, 30, 9951015.
  • Abelson, P. H. (1998), Airborne particulate matter, Science, 281, 1609.
  • Andreae, M. O. (1996), Raising dust in the greenhouse, Nature, 380, 389390.
  • Arpino, P., A. van Dorsselaer, K. D. Sevier, and G. Ourisson (1972), Cires aeriènnes dans une forêt de Pins, C. R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. D, 275, 28372840.
  • Artaxo, P., F. Gerab, M. A. Yamasoe, and J. V. Martins (1994), Fine mode aerosol composition at three long-term atmospheric monitoring sites in the Amazon Basin, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 22,85722,868.
  • Aston, S. R., R. Chester, L. R. Johnson, and R. C. Padgham (1973), Eolian dust from the lower atmosphere of the eastern Atlantic and Indian Oceans, China Sea and Sea of Japan, Mar. Geol., 14, 1528.
  • Buat-Ménard, P., H. Cachier, and R. Chesselet (1989), Sources of particulate carbon in the marine atmosphere, in Chemical Oceanography, vol. 10, edited by J. P. Riley, R. Chester, and R. A. Duce, pp. 252279, Academic, San Diego, Calif.
  • Charlson, R. J., S. E. Schwartz, J. M. Hales, R. D. Cess, J. A. Coakley Jr., J. E. Hansen, and D. J. Hofmann (1992), Climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols, Science, 255, 423430.
  • Chester, R., H. Elderfield, J. J. Griffin, L. R. Johnson, and R. C. Padgham (1972), Eolian dust along the eastern margins of the Atlantic Ocean, Mar. Geol., 13, 91105.
  • Cox, R. E., M. A. Mazurek, and B. R. T. Simoneit (1982), Lipids in Harmattan aerosols of Nigeria, Nature, 296, 848849.
  • Crutzen, P. J., and M. O. Andreae (1990), Biomass burning in the tropics: Impact on atmospheric chemistry and biogeochemical cycles, Science, 250, 16691678.
  • da Cunha, L. C., L. Serve, and J.-L. Blazi (2002), Neutral sugars as biomarkers in the particulate organic matter of a French Mediterranean river, Org. Geochem., 33, 953964.
  • D'Almeida, G. A. (1986), A model for Saharan dust transport, J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol., 24, 903916.
  • Darwin, C. (1846), An account of the fine dust which often falls on vessels in the Atlantic Ocean, Q. J. Geol. Soc. London, 2, 2630.
  • Delany, A. C., A. C. Delany, D. W. Parkin, J. J. Griffin, E. D. Goldberg, and B. E. F. Reimann (1967), Airborne dust collected at Barbados, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 31, 885909.
  • Didyk, B. M., B. R. T. Simoneit, L. A. Pezoa, M. L. Riveros, and A. A. Flores (2000), Urban aerosol particles of Santiago, Chile: Organic content and molecular characterization, Atmos. Environ., 34, 11671179.
  • Ehrenberg, C. (1847), Passatstaub und Blutregen, Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 32, 269460.
  • Facchini, M. C., M. Mircea, S. Fuzzi, and R. J. Charlson (1999), Cloud albedo enhancement by surface-active organic solutes in growing droplets, Nature, 400, 257259.
  • Fraser, M. P., and K. Lakshmanan (2000), Using levoglucosan as a molecular marker for the long-range transport of biomass combustion aerosols, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34, 45604564.
  • Fraser, M. P., G. R. Cass, and B. R. T. Simoneit (1998), Gas-phase and particle-phase organic compounds emitted from motor vehicle traffic in a Los Angeles roadway tunnel, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32, 20512060.
  • Fu, J. M., G. Y. Sheng, Y. Chen, X. M. Wang, Y. S. Min, P. A. Peng, S. C. Lee, L. Y. Chan, Z. S. Wang (1997), Preliminary study of organic pollutants in air of Guangzhou, Hong Kong, and Macao, in Molecular Markers in Environmental Geochemistry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., vol. 671, edited by R. P. Eganhouse, pp. 164176, Am. Chem. Soc., Washington, D. C.
  • Gagosian, R. B., and E. T. Peltzer (1986), The importance of atmospheric input of terrestrial organic material to deep sea sediments, Org. Geochem., 10, 661669.
  • Gagosian, R. B., E. T. Peltzer, and O. C. Zafiriou (1981), Atmospheric transport of continentally derived lipids to the tropical North Pacific, Nature, 291, 321324.
  • Gagosian, R. B., O. C. Zafiriou, E. T. Peltzer, and J. B. Alford (1982), Lipids in aerosols from the tropical North Pacific: Temporal variability, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 11,13311,144.
  • Gagosian, R. B., E. T. Peltzer, and J. T. Merrill (1987), Long-range transport of terrestrially derived lipids in aerosols from the South Pacific, Nature, 325, 800803.
  • Glaccum, R. A., and J. M. Prospero (1980), Saharan aerosols over the tropical North Atlantic-mineralogy, Mar. Geol., 37, 295321.
  • Gleixner, G., N. Poirier, R. Bol, and J. Balesdent (2002), Molecular dynamics of organic matter in a cultivated soil, Org. Geochem., 33, 357366.
  • Griffin, D. W., C. A. Kellogg, V. H. Garrison, and E. A. Shinn (2002), The global transport of dust, Am. Sci., 90, 228235.
  • Hannigan, M. P., G. R. Cass, B. W. Penman, C. L. Crespi, A. L. Lafleur, W. F. Busby Jr., W. G. Thilly, and B. R. T. Simoneit (1998), Bioassay-directed chemical analysis of Los Angeles airborne particulate matter using a human cell mutagenicity assay, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32, 35023514.
  • Hawthorne, S. B., D. J. Miller, R. M. Barkley, and M. S. Krieger (1988), Identification of methoxylated phenols as candidate tracers for atmospheric wood smoke pollution, Environ. Sci. Technol., 22, 11911196.
  • Huebert, B. J., T. Bates, P. B. Russell, G. Shi, Y. J. Kim, K. Kawamura, G. Carmichael, and T. Nakajima (2003), An overview of ACE-Asia: Strategies for quantifying the relationships between Asian aerosols and their climatic impacts, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D23), 8633, doi:10.1029/2003JD003550.
  • Husar, R. B., J. M. Prospero, and L. L. Stowe (1997), Characterization of tropospheric aerosols over the oceans with the NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer optical thickness operational product, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16,88916,909.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (1995), Climate Change, 1994: Radiative Forcing of Climate Change and an Evaluation of the IPCC IS92 Emission Scenarios, edited by J. T. Houghton et al., Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Karasek, F. W., and H. Y. Tong (1985), Semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of complex organic mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 332, 169179.
  • Kawamura, K., and R. B. Gagosian (1987), Implication of ω-oxocarboxylic in the remote marine atmosphere for photo-oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids, Nature, 325, 330332.
  • Kawamura, K., and R. B. Gagosian (1990), Atmospheric transport of soil-derived dicarboxylic acids over the North Pacific Ocean, Naturwissenschaften, 77, 2527.
  • Kawamura, K., and K. Ikushima (1993), Seasonal changes in the distribution of dicarboxylic acids in the urban atmosphere, Environ. Sci. Technol., 27, 22272235.
  • Kawamura, K., and F. Sakaguchi (1999), Molecular distributions of water soluble dicarboxylic acids in marine aerosols over the Pacific Ocean including tropics, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 35013509.
  • Kawamura, K., and K. Usukura (1993), Distributions of low molecular weight dicarboxylic acids in the North Pacific aerosol samples, J. Oceanogr., 49, 271283.
  • Kawamura, K., M. Kosaka, and R. Sempéré (1995), Distributions and seasonal changes of hydrocarbons in urban aerosols and rainwaters (in Japanese), Geochemistry (Tokyo), 29, 115.
  • Kawamura, K., Y. Ishimura, and K. Yamazaki (2003), Four year observation of terrestrial lipid class compounds in marine aerosols from the western North Pacific, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 17(1), 1003, doi:10.1029/2001GB001810.
  • Kawamura, K., M. Kobayashi, N. Tsubonuma, M. Mochida, T. Watanabe, and M. Lee (2004), Organic and inorganic compositions of marine aerosols from east Asia: Seasonal variations of water-soluble dicarboxylic acids, major ions, total carbon and nitrogen, and stable C and N isotopic composition, in Geochemical Investigations in Earth and Space Science: A Tribute to Isaac R.Kaplan, Geochem. Soc.Spec. Publ. Ser., vol. 6, edited by R. J. Hill et al., pp. 243265, Elsevier Sci., New York.
  • Lane, D. A. (1989), The fate of polycyclic aromatic compounds in the atmosphere and during sampling, in Chemical Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, Chem. Anal., vol. 101, edited by T. Vo-Dinh, pp. 3158, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Levine, J. S. (Ed.) (1991), Global Biomass Burning: Atmospheric, Climatic, and Biospheric Implications, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
  • Levine, J. S. (Ed.) (1996), Biomass Burning and Global Change, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
  • Li, X., H. Maring, D. Savoie, K. Voss, and J. M. Prospero (1996), Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light-scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds, Nature, 380, 416419.
  • Lim, J.-J., B. J. Turpin, L. M. Russell, and T. S. Bates (2003), Organic and elemental carbon measurements during ACE-Asia suggest a long atmospheric lifetime for elemental carbon, Environ. Sci. Technol., 37, 30553061.
  • Matsumoto, K., K. Kawamura, M. Uchida, Y. Shibata, and M. Yoneda (2001), Compound specific radiocarbon and δ13C measurements of fatty acids in a continental aerosol sample, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 45874590.
  • Mazurek, M. A., and B. R. T. Simoneit (1997), Higher molecular weight terpenoids as indicators of organic emissions from terrestrial vegetation, in Molecular Markers in Environmental Geochemistry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., vol. 671, edited by R. P. Eganhouse, pp. 92108, Am. Chem. Soc., Washington, D. C.
  • Mochida, M., A. Kawabata, K. Kawamura, H. Hatsushika, and K. Yamazaki (2003a), Seasonal variation and origins of dicarboxylic acids in the marine atmosphere over the western North Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D6), 4193, doi:10.1029/2002JD002355.
  • Mochida, M., N. Umemoto, M. Kobayashi, S. Matsunage, K. Kawamura, T. S. Bates, and B. R. T. Simoneit (2003b), Spatial distribution of oxygenated organic compounds (dicarboxylic acids, fatty acids and levoglucosan) in marine aerosols over the western Pacific and off the coast of east Asia: Continental outflow of organic aerosols during the ACE-Asia campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D23), 8638, doi:10.1029/2002JD003249.
  • Moulin, C., C. E. Lambert, F. Dulac, and U. Dayan (1997), Control of atmospheric export of dust from North Africa by the North Atlantic Oscillation, Nature, 387, 691694.
  • Okuda, T., H. Kumata, H. Naraoka, and H. Takada (2002), Origin of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Chinese cities solved by compound-specific stable carbon isotopic analyses, Org. Geochem., 33, 17371745.
  • Oros, D. R., and B. R. T. Simoneit (2000), Identification and emission rates of molecular tracers in coal smoke particulate matter, Fuel, 79, 515536.
  • Oros, D. R., and B. R. T. Simoneit (2001a), Identification and emission factors of molecular tracers in organic aerosols from biomass burning: Part 1. Temperate climate conifers, Appl. Geochem., 16, 15131544.
  • Oros, D. R., and B. R. T. Simoneit (2001b), Identification and emission factors of molecular tracers in organic aerosols from biomass burning: Part 2. Deciduous trees, Appl. Geochem., 16, 15131544.
  • Parkin, D. W., D. R. Phillips, R. A. L. Sullivan, and L. R. Johnson (1972), Airborne dust collections down the Atlantic, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 75, 375400.
  • Penner, J. E. (1995), Carbonaceous aerosols influencing atmospheric radiation: Black and organic carbon, in Aerosol Forcing of Climate, Environ. Sci. Res. Rep., vol. 17, edited by R. Charlson, and J. Heintzenberg, pp. 91108, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Penner, J. E., R. J. Charlson, J. M. Hales, N. Laulainen, R. Leifer, T. Novakov, J. Ogren, L. F. Radke, S. E. Schwartz, and L. Travis (1994), Quantifying and minimizing uncertainty of climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 75, 375400.
  • Prospero, J. M. (1996a), The atmospheric transport of particles to the Ocean, in Particle Flux in the Ocean, edited by V. Ittekot et al., pp. 1956, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Prospero, J. M. (1996b), Saharan dust transport over the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean: An overview, in The Impact of Desert Dust Across the Mediterranean, edited by S. Guerzoni, and R. Chester, pp. 133151, Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass.
  • Prospero, J. M. (2001), African dust in America, Geotimes, 46(11), 2427.
  • Prospero, J. M., E. Bonatti, C. Schubert, and T. N. Carlson (1970), Dust in the Caribbean atmosphere traced to an African dust storm, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 9, 287293.
  • Prospero, J. M., K. Barrett, T. Church, F. Dentener, R. A. Duce, J. N. Galloway, H. Levy II, J. Moody, and P. Quinn (1996), Atmospheric deposition of nutrients to the North Atlantic Basin, Biogeochem., 35, 2773.
  • Rogge, W. F., L. M. Hildemann, M. A. Mazurek, G. R. Cass, and B. R. T. Simoneit (1991), Sources of fine organic aerosol: 1. Charbroilers and meat cooking operations, Environ. Sci. Technol., 25, 11121125.
  • Rogge, W. F., L. M. Hildemann, M. A. Mazurek, G. R. Cass, and B. R. T. Simoneit (1998), Sources of fine organic aerosol: 9. Pine, oak and synthetic log combustion in residential fireplaces, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32, 1322.
  • Schauer, J. J., W. F. Rogge, L. M. Hildemann, M. A. Mazurek, G. R. Cass, and B. R. T. Simoneit (1996), Source apportionment of airborne particulate matter using organic compounds as tracers, Atmos. Environ., 30, 38373855.
  • Schauer, J. J., M. J. Kleeman, G. R. Cass, and B. R. T. Simoneit (1999), Measurement of emissions from air pollution sources: 1. C1 through C29 organic compounds from meat charbroiling, Environ. Sci. Technol., 33, 15661577.
  • Schauer, J. J., M. P. Fraser, G. R. Cass, and B. R. T. Simoneit (2002), Source reconciliation of atmospheric gas-phase and particle-phase pollutants during a severe photochemical smog episode, Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, 38063814.
  • Schnitzer, M., and S. U. Khan (1972), Humic Substances in the Environment, 327 pp., Marcel Dekker, New York.
  • Seinfeld, J. H., and S. N. Pandis (1998), Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Sempéré, R., and K. Kawamura (2003), Trans-hemispheric contribution of C2-C10 α,ω-dicarboxylic acids and related polar compounds to water soluble organic carbon in the western Pacific aerosols in relation to photochemical oxidation reactions, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 17(2), 1069, doi:10.1029/2002GB001980.
  • Sheesley, R. J., J. J. Schauer, Z. Chowdhury, G. R. Cass, and B. R. T. Simoneit (2003), Characterization of organic aerosols emitted from the combustion of biomass indigenous to South Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D9), 4285, doi:10.1029/2002JD002981.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T. (1977), Organic matter in eolian dusts over the Atlantic Ocean, Mar. Chem., 5, 443464.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T. (1979), Biogenic lipids in eolian particulates collected over the ocean, in Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere, edited by T. Novakov, pp. 233244, Natl. Sci. Found., Washington, D. C.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T. (1984), Organic matter of the troposphere: III. Characterization and sources of petroleum and pyrogenic residues in aerosols over the western United States, Atmos. Environ., 18, 5167.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T. (1985), Application of molecular marker analysis to vehicular exhaust for source reconciliations, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 22, 203233.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T. (1989), Organic matter of the troposphere: V. Application of molecular marker analysis to biogenic emissions into the troposphere for source reconciliations, J. Atmos. Chem., 8, 251275.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T. (1999), A review of biomarker compounds as source indicators and tracers for air pollution, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 6, 153163.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T. (2002), Biomass burning: A review of organic tracers from smoke from incomplete combustion, Appl. Geochem., 17, 129162.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., and V. O. Elias (2000), Organic tracers from biomass burning in atmospheric particulate matter over the ocean, Mar. Chem., 69, 231243.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., and M. A. Mazurek (1982), Organic matter of the troposphere: II. Natural background of biogenic lipid matter in aerosols over the rural western United States, Atmos. Environ., 16, 21392159.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., M. A. Mazurek, and W. E. Reed (1983), Characterization of organic matter in aerosols over rural sites: Phytosterols, in Advances in Organic Geochemistry 1981, edited by M. Bjorøy et al., pp. 355361, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., R. E. Cox, and L. J. Standley (1988), Organic matter of the troposphere: IV. Lipids in Harmattan aerosol particles of Nigeria, Atmos. Environ., 22, 9831004.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., P. T. Crisp, M. A. Mazurek, and L. J. Standley (1991a), Composition of extractable organic matter of aerosols from the Blue Mountains and southeast coast of Australia, Environ. Int., 17, 405419.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., G.-Y. Sheng, X.-J. Chen, J.-M. Fu, J. Zhang, and Y.-P. Xu (1991b), Molecular marker study of extractable organic matter in aerosols from urban areas of China, Atmos. Environ., Part A, 25, 21112129.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., J. N. Cardoso, and N. Robinson (1991c), An assessment of terrestrial higher molecular weight lipid compounds in air particulate matter over the South Atlantic from about 30–70°S, Chemosphere, 23, 447465.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., W. F. Rogge, M. A. Mazurek, L. J. Standley, L. M. Hildemann, and G. R. Cass (1993), Lignin pyrolysis products, lignans and resin acids as specific tracers of plant classes in emissions from biomass combustion, Environ. Sci. Technol., 27, 25332541.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., M. Radzi bin Abas, G. R. Cass, W. F. Rogge, M. A. Mazurek, L. J. Standley, and L. M. Hildemann (1996), Natural compounds as tracers for biomass combustion in aerosols, in Biomass Burning and Global Change, edited by J. S. Levine, vol. 1, pp. 504518, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., J. J. Schauer, C. G. Nolte, D. R. Oros, V. O. Elias, M. P. Fraser, W. F. Rogge, and G. R. Cass (1999), Levoglucosan: A tracer for cellulose in biomass burning and atmospheric particles, Atmos. Environ., 33, 173182.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., A. I. Rushdi, and J. J. Schauer (2001), Organic composition of sands and aerosols from the deserts of China, paper presented at First ACE-Asia Data Workshop, Calif. Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, 28 Oct. to 1 Nov.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., M. Kobayashi, M. Mochida, K. Kawamura, and B. J. Huebert (2004a), Aerosol particles collected on aircraft flights over the northwestern Pacific region during the ACE-Asia campaign: Composition and major sources of the organic compounds, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D19S09, doi:10.1029/2004JD004565, in press.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., V. O. Elias, M. Kobayashi, K. Kawamura, A. I. Rushdi, P. M. Medeiros, W. F. Rogge, and B. M. Didyk (2004b), Sugars: Dominant water soluble organic compounds in soils and characterization as tracers in atmospheric particulate matter, Environ. Sci. Technol., in press.
  • Sokolik, I., and O. B. Toon (1996), Direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic airborne mineral aerosols, Nature, 381, 681683.
  • Standley, L. J., and B. R. T. Simoneit (1994), Resin diterpenoids as tracers for biomass combustion aerosols, J. Atmos. Chem., 18, 115.
  • Stevenson, F. J. (1982), Humus Chemistry, 443 pp., John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Swap, R., M. Garstang, S. Greco, R. Talbot, and P. Kallberg (1992), Saharan dust in the Amazon basin, Tellus, Ser. B, 44, 133149.
  • Tegen, I., A. A. Lacis, and I. Fung (1996), The influence on climate forcing of mineral aerosols from disturbed soils, Nature, 380, 419422.
  • Tong, H. Y., D. L. Shore, F. W. Karasek, P. Helland, and E. Jellum (1984), Identification of organic compounds obtained from incineration of municipal waste by high-performance liquid chromatographic fractionation and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 285, 423441.
  • Wilkening, K. E., L. A. Barrie, and M. Engle (2000), Trans-Pacific air pollution, Science, 290, 6566.
  • Zenchelsky, S. T., A. C. Delany, and R. A. Pickett (1976), The organic components of wind-blown soil aerosol as a function of wind velocity, Soil Sci., 122, 129132.