SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allen, J. R. L. (1968), Current Ripples, 433 pp., Elsevier, New York.
  • Allen, J. R. L. (1969), On the geometry of current ripples in relation to stability of fluid flow, Geogr. Ann., Ser. A, 51, 6196.
  • Allen, J. R. L. (1984a), Sedimentary Structures: Their Character and Physical Basis, 539 pp., Elsevier, New York.
  • Allen, J. R. L. (1984b), Parallel lamination developed from upper-stage plane beds: A model based on the larger coherent structures of the turbulent boundary layer, Sediment. Geol., 39, 227242.
  • Anderson, A. G. (1953), The characteristics of sediment waves formed by flow in open channels, in Proceedings of the Third Midwestern Conference on Fluid Mechanics, pp. 379395, Am. Soc. of Civ. Eng., Reston, Va.
  • Baas, J. H. (1994), A flume study on the development and equilibrium morphology of small-scale bedforms in very fine sand, Sedimentology, 41, 185209.
  • Baas, J. H., A. P. Oost, O. K. Sztano, P. L. De Boer, and G. Postma (1993), Time as an independent variable for current ripples developing towards linguoid equilibrium morphology, Terra Nova, 5, 2935.
  • Best, J. L. (1992), On the entrainment of sediment and initiation of bed defects: Insights from recent developments within turbulent boundary layer research, Sedimentology, 39, 797811.
  • Best, J. L. (1996), The fluid dynamics of small-scale alluvial bedforms, in Advances in Fluvial Dynamics and Stratigraphy, edited by P. A. Carling, and M. R. Dawson, pp. 67126, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Best, J. L., and R. A. Kostaschuk (2002), An experimental study of turbulent flow over a low-angle dune, J. Geophys. Res., 107(C9), 3135, doi:10.1029/2000JC000294.
  • Bettess, R. (1984), Initiation of sediment transport in gravel streams, Proc. Inst. Civ. Eng., Part 2, 137, 7988.
  • Buffington, J. M., and D. R. Montgomery (1997), A systematic analysis of eight decades of incipient motion studies, with special reference to gravel-bedded rivers, Water Resour. Res., 33, 19932029.
  • Carling, P. A. (1999), Subaqueous gravel dunes, J. Sediment. Res., 69, 534545.
  • Carling, P. A., and A. B. Shvidchenko (2002), The dune:antidune transition in fine gravel with especial consideration of downstream migrating antidunes, Sedimentology, 49, 12691282.
  • Carling, P. A., J. J. Williams, E. Gölz, and A. D. Kelsey (2000), The morphodynamics of fluvial sand dunes in the River Rhine, near Mainz, Germany. II. Hydrodynamics and sediment transport, Sedimentology, 47, 253278.
  • Coleman, S. E., and G. A. Cornelius (1999), Alluvial sand wavelets, in River Sedimentation, edited by A. W. Jayawardena, J. H. W. Lee, and Z. Y. Wang, pp. 6571, A. A. Balkema, Brookfield, Vt.
  • Coleman, S. E., and B. Eling (2000), Sand wavelets in laminar open-channel flows, J. Hydraul. Res., 38(5), 331338.
  • Coleman, S. E., and J. D. Fenton (1996), Potential flow instability theory and bed forms, paper presented at North American Water and Environment Congress '96, Am. Soc. of Civ. Eng., Anaheim, Calif.
  • Coleman, S. E., and B. W. Melville (1996), Initiation of bed forms on a flat sand bed, J. Hydraul. Eng., 122(6), 301310.
  • Coleman, S. E., J. J. Fedele, and M. H. Garcia (2003), Closed-conduit bed-form initiation and development, J. Hydraul. Eng., 129(12), 956965.
  • Costello, W. R. (1974), Development of bed configurations in coarse sands, Ph.D. thesis, 120 pp., Mass. Inst. of Technol., Cambridge.
  • Costello, W. R., and J. B. Southard (1980), Flume experiments on lower-regime bed forms in coarse sand, J. Sediment. Petrol., 51, 849864.
  • Crickmore, M. J. (1970), Effects of flume width on bed form characteristics, J. Hydraul. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 96, 473496.
  • Dalrymple, R. W., R. J. Knight, and J. J. Lambiase (1978), Bedforms and their hydraulic stability relationships in a tidal environment, Bay of Fundy, Canada, Nature, 275, 100104.
  • Defina, A. (1996), Transverse spacing of low-speed streaks in a channel flow over a rough bed, in Coherent Flow Structures in Open Channels, edited by P. J. Ashworth et al., pp. 8799, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Drake, T. G., R. L. Shreve, W. E. Dietrich, P. J. Whiting, and L. B. Leopold (1988), Bedload transport of fine gravel observed by motion-picture photography, J. Fluid Mech., 192, 193217.
  • Dyer, K. R. (1986), Coastal and Estuarine Sediment Dynamics, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Engel, P. (1981), Length of flow separation over dunes, J. Hydraul. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 107, 11331143.
  • Ferguson, R. I., A. D. Kirkbride, and A. G. Roy (1996), Markov analysis of velocity fluctuations in gravel-bed rivers, in Coherent Flow Structures in Open Channels, edited by P. J. Ashworth et al., pp. 165183, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Folk, R. L. (1976), Rollers and ripples in sand, streams and sky: Rhythmic alteration of transverse and longitudinal vortices in three orders, Sedimentology, 23, 649669.
  • Fries, J. S. (2004), General threshold for sediment transport induced by mounds, J. Sediment. Res., 74, 144147.
  • Grass, A. J. (1970), Initial instability of fine sand bed, J. Hydraul. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 96, 619631.
  • Grass, A. J., and M. Mansour-Tehrani (1996), Generalized scaling of coherent bursting structures in the near-wall region of turbulent flow over smooth and rough boundaries, in Coherent Flow Structures in Open Channels, edited by P. J. Ashworth, S. J. Bennett, J. L. Best, and S. J. McLelland, pp. 4161, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Grass, A. J., R. J. Stuart, and N. K. R. Kevlahan (1991), Vortical structures and coherent motion in turbulent flow over smooth and rough boundaries, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 336, 3565.
  • Gyr, A., and A. Müller (1996), The role of coherent structures in developing bedforms during sediment transport, in Coherent Flow Structures in Open Channels, edited by P. J. Ashworth et al., pp. 227235, John Wiley, New York.
  • Gyr, A., and A. Schmid (1989), The different ripple formation mechanisms, J. Hydraul. Res., 27(1), 6174.
  • Ikeda, H. (1983), Experiments on bedload transport, bed forms, and sedimentary structures using fine gravel in the 4m-wide flume, Environ. Res. Cent. Pap. 2, 78 pp., Univ. of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.
  • Julien, P. Y. (1995), Erosion and Sedimentation, 280 pp., Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Kadota, A., and I. Nezu (1999), Three-dimensional structure of space-time correlation on coherent vortices generated behind dune crest, J. Hydraul. Res., 37, 5980.
  • Kennedy, J. F. (1963), The mechanics of dunes and antidunes in erodible-bed channels, J. Fluid Mech., 16, 521544.
  • Komar, P. D. (1996), Entrainment of sediments from deposits of mixed sizes and densities, in Advances in Fluvial Dynamics and Stratigraphy, edited by P. A. Carling, and M. R. Dawson, pp. 127181, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Kraus, N. C., A. Lohrmann, and R. Cabrera (1994), New acoustic meter for measuring 3D laboratory flows, J. Hydraul. Eng., 120(3), 406411.
  • Leeder, M. R. (1980), The stability of lower stage plane beds and the absence of current ripples in coarse sands, J. Geol. Soc., 137(4), 423429.
  • Liu, H. K. (1957), Mechanics of sediment ripple formation, J. Hydraul. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 83, 123.
  • Makse, H. A., R. C. Ball, H. E. Stanley, and S. Warr (1998), Dynamics of granular stratification, Phys. Rev. E, 58, 33573367.
  • Menduni, G., and E. Paris (1986), On the prediction of geometric characteristics of dunes, paper presented at Third International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Am. Soc. of Civ. Eng., Jacksonville, Miss., 31 March to 4 April.
  • Müller, A., and A. Gyr (1996), Geometric analysis of the feedback between flow, bedforms and sediment transport, in Coherent Flow Structures in Open Channels, P. J. Ashworth et al., pp. 237247, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Nezu, I., and H. Nakagawa (1993), Turbulence in Open Channel Flows, A. A. Balkema, Brookfield, Vt.
  • Nakagawa, M., and M. Miyata (2002), Effects of particle shape on angle of repose, in Powders and Grains, edited by Y. Kishino, pp. 467470, A. A. Balkema, Brookfield, Vt.
  • Pal, D., S. N. Prasad, and M. J. M. Römkens (2001), Study of sediment transport in shallow channel flows, in Sustaining the Global Farm: Selected Papers From the 10thInternational Soil Conservation Organization Meeting, edited by D. E. Stott, R. H. Mohtar, and G. G. Steinhardt, pp. 717724, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, Indiana.
  • Papanicolaou, A. N., K. Strom, A. Schuyler, and N. Talebbeydokhti (2003), The role of sediment specific gravity and availability on cluster evolution, Earth Surf. Processes Landforms, 28, 6986.
  • Prasad, S. N., D. Pal, and M. J. M. Römkens (2000), Wave formation on a shallow layer of flowing grains, J. Fluid Mech., 413, 89110.
  • Raudkivi, A. J. (1963), Study of sediment ripple formation, J. Hydraul. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 89, 1533.
  • Raudkivi, A. J. (1997), Ripples on stream bed, J. Hydraul. Eng., 123, 5864.
  • Richards, K. J. (1980), The formation of ripples and dunes on an erodible bed, J. Fluid Mech., 99, 597618.
  • Roy, A. G., T. Buffin-Bélanger, and S. Deland (1996), Scales of turbulent coherent flow structures in a gravel-bed river, in Coherent Flow Structures in Open Channels, edited by P. J. Ashworth et al., pp. 147164, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Schmidt, F. W. (1989), Ripple generation and sediment transport in pipes depending on the density of the bed material for pure water and polymer solutions (in German), Ph.D. thesis, Eidg. Tech. Hocsch., Zürich, Switzerland.
  • Southard, J. B., and J. R. Dingler (1971), Flume study of ripple propagation behind mounds on flat sand beds, Sedimentology, 16, 251263.
  • Strom, K., A. N. Papanicolaou, N. Evangelopoulos, and M. Odeh (2004), Microforms in gravel bed rivers: Formation, disintegration, and effects on bedload transport, J. Hydraul. Eng., 130, 554567.
  • Sumer, B. M., and M. Bakioglu (1984), On the formation of ripples on an erodible bed, J. Fluid Mech., 144, 177190.
  • Tennekes, H., and A. Lumley (1972), A First Course in Turbulence, 300 pp, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
  • Thompson, C. E. L., C. L. Amos, T. E. R. Jones, and J. Chaplin (2003), The manifestation of fluid-transmitted bed shear stress in a smooth annular flume—A comparison of methods, J. Coastal Res., 19, 10941103.
  • Thorne, P. D., J. J. Williams, and A. D. Heathershaw (1989), In situ acoustic measurements of marine gravel threshold and transport, Sedimentology, 36, 6173.
  • Vanoni, V. A., and N. H. Brooks (1957), Laboratory studies of the roughness and suspended load of alluvial streams, Sediment.Lab.Rep. E68, Calif. Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, Calif.
  • Wilbers, A. (2004), The Development and Hydraulic Roughness of Subaqueous Dunes, Neth. Geogr. Stud., vol. 323, 227 pp., Utrecht Univ., Utrecht, Netherlands.
  • Williams, J. J. (1990), Video observations of marine gravel transport, Geo. Mar. Lett., 10, 157164.
  • Williams, P. B., and P. H. Kemp (1971), Initiation of ripples on flat sediment beds, J. Hydraul. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 97, 505522.
  • Williams, P. B., and P. H. Kemp (1972), Initiation of ripples by artificial disturbances, J. Hydraul. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 98, 10571070.
  • Yalin, M. S. (1992), River Mechanics, 2nd ed., 220 pp., Elsevier, New York.
  • Yoon, J. Y., and V. C. Patel (1996), Numerical model of turbulent flow over sand dune, J. Hydraul. Eng., 122, 1018.