SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allwine, K. J., J. H. Shinn, G. E. Streit, K. L. Clawson, and M. Brown (2002), Overview of URBAN 2000: A multiscale field study of dispersion through an urban environment, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 83, 521536.
  • Awaka, A. (1989), A three-dimensional rain cell model for the study of interference due to hydrometeor scattering, J. Commun. Res. Lab., 36, 1344.
  • Bowman, A. W., and A. Azzalini (1997), Applied Smoothing Techniques for Data Analysis: The Kernel Approach With S-Plus Illustrations, Oxford Stat. Sci. Ser., vol. 18, Clarendon, Oxford, U. K.
  • Brooks, H. R. (1946), A summary of some thunderstorm observations, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 27, 557563.
  • Burgueño, A., J. Austin, E. Vilar, and M. Puigcerver (1987), Analysis of moderate and intense rainfall rates continuously recorded over half a century and influence on microwave communications planning and rain-rate data acquisition, IEEE Trans. Commun., 35, 382395.
  • Callaghan, S. A., and E. Vilar (2002), Spatial variation of rain fields in the south of England, paper presented at 1st International Workshop, Coop. Dans le Eur. Domaine de la Rec. Sci. et Tech. (COST 280), Malvern, U. K., 1–3 July. (Available at http://www.cost280.rl.ac.uk/documents/WS1%20Proceedings/documents/pm-3-025.pdf)
  • Capsoni, C., F. Fedi, C. Magistroni, A. Paraboni, and A. Pawlina (1987), Data and theory for a new model of horizontal structure of rain cells for propagation applications, Radio Sci., 22, 395404.
  • Changnon, S. A. (1981), Convective raincells, J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 17931797.
  • Ciach, G. J. (2002), Local random errors in tipping-bucket rain gauge measurements, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 20, 752758.
  • Commission of the European Communities (CEC) (1991), Influence of the atmosphere on interference between radio communications systems at frequencies above 1 GHz (1991), COST 210Final Rep., Brussels.
  • Commission of the European Communities (CEC) (2002), Radiowave propagation modeling for New SatCom services at Ku-Band and above (2002), COST 255Final Rep., Brussels.
  • Crane, R. K. (1982), A two-component rain model for the prediction of wave attenuation statistics, Radio Sci., 17, 13711387.
  • Crane, R. K. (1996), Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Through Rain, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Dirks, K. N., J. E. Hay, C. D. Stow, and D. Harris (1998), High-resolution studies of rainfall on Norfolk Island Part II: Interpolation of rainfall data, J. Hydrol., 208, 187193.
  • Drufuca, G. (1974), Rain attenuation statistics for frequencies above 10 GHz from rain gauge observations, J. Rech. Atmos., 1–2, 399411.
  • Goldhirsh, J., and B. H. Musiani (1992), Dimension statistics of rain cell cores and associated rain rate isopleths derived from radar measurements in the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 30, 2837.
  • Habib, E., W. E. Krajewski, and A. Kruger (2001), Sampling errors of tipping-bucket rain gauge measurements, J. Hydrol. Eng., 6, 159166.
  • Harden, B. N., J. R. Norbury, and W. J. K. White (1974), Model of intense convective rain cells for estimating attenuation on terrestrial millimetre radio links, Electron. Lett., 10, 483484.
  • Holland, D. J. (1967), The Cardington rainfall experiment, Meteorol. Mag., 96, 193202.
  • Huff, F. A. (1967), Rainfall gradients in warm season rainfall, J. Appl. Meteorol., 6, 435437.
  • Huff, F. A. (1970a), Spatial distribution of rainfall rates, Water Resour. Res., 6, 254260.
  • Huff, F. A. (1970b), Time distribution characteristics of rainfall rates, Water Resour. Res., 6, 447454.
  • Humphreys, W. J. (1940), Physics of the Air, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • International Telecommunication Union (2003), Recommendation P.837-4 (04/03), in Characteristics of Precipitation for Propagation Modelling, Rep. E23525, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Leese, J. A., C. S. Novak, and V. R. Taylor (1971), An automated technique for obtaining cloud motion from geosynchronous satellite data using cross correlation, J. Appl. Meteorol., 10, 118132.
  • Lorente, J., and A. Redaño (1990), Rainfall rate distribution in a local scale: The case of Barcelona City, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 41, 2332.
  • Moore, R. J., D. A. Jones, D. R. Cox, and V. S. Isham (2000), Design of the HYREX raingauge network, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 4, 521530.
  • Niemczynowicz, J. (1988), The rainfall movement: A valuable complement to short-term rainfall data, J. Hydrol., 104, 311326.
  • Niemczynowicz, J. (Ed.) (1990), International Workshop on Urban Rainfall and Meteorology, St. Moritz, Switzerland, 2–5 December 1990, Univ. of Lund, Lund, Sweden.
  • Olsson, J., and J. Niemczynowicz (1996), Multifractal analysis of daily spatial rainfall distributions, J. Hydrol., 187, 2943.
  • Pan, Q. W., and G. H. Bryant (1994), Effective rain-cell diameters and rain-column heights in the tropics, Electron. Lett., 30, 18001802.
  • Pawlina, A. A. (1997), Horizontal rain structure description: Some aspects of data collection, handling and modeling, paper presented at the 4th COST 255 Meeting, Comm. of the Eur. Communities, Brussels.
  • Pawlina, A. A. (2002), No rain intervals within rain events: Some statistics based on Milano radar and rain-gauge data, paper presented at COST 280: First International Workshop on Propagation Impairment Mitigation for Millimetre Wave Radio Systems, Coop. Eur. Dans le Domaine de la Rech. Sci. et Tech., Malvern, U. K., 1 – 3 July .
  • Rotach, M. W. (2001), Simulation of urban-scale dispersion using a Lagrangian stochastic dispersion model, Boundary Layer Meteorol., 99, 379410.
  • Roulet, Y. A. (2002), Integration of urban effects in a mesoscale dynamical model over the region of Basel (Switzerland) as a part of the BUBBLE Experiment, AMS paper 2.4 presented at the 4th Symposium on the Urban Environment, Am. Meteorol. Soc., Norfolk, Va., 20 – 24 May .
  • Sandwell, D. T. (1987), Biharmonic spline interpolation of GEOS-3 and Seasat altimeter data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 139142.
  • Steiner, M., J. A. Smith, S. J. Burges, C. V. Alonso, and R. W. Darden (1999), Effect of bias adjustment and rain gauge data quality control on radar rainfall estimation, Water Resour. Res., 35, 24872503.