Many ongoing geophysical and geochemical studies are attempting to understand how volcanoes work and to forecast volcanic eruptions. While many geophysical methodologies for studying volcanoes have been completely standardized, continuous geochemical monitoring in active volcanic areas is still in its infancy.
One reason geochemical approaches lag behind geophysical ones is because current technologies are not able to cope with prohibitive environmental conditions. The development of techniques that allow monitoring of geochemical parameters in the harsh environments of active volcanoes should be a goal to achieve within a decade.
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