SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Behringer, D., and Y. Xue (2004), Evaluation of the global ocean data assimilation system at NCEP: The Pacific Ocean, paper presented at Eighth Symposium on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for Atmosphere, Ocean, and Land Surface, Am. Meteorol. Soc., Seattle, Wash.
  • Bergman, J. W., H. H. Hendon, and K. M. Weickmann (2001), Intraseasonal air-sea interactions at the onset of El Niño, J. Clim., 14, 17021719.
  • Hendon, H. H., B. Liebmann, and J. D. Glick (1998), Oceanic Kelvin waves and the Madden-Julian Oscillation, J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 88101.
  • Hendon, H. H., C. Zhang, and J. D. Glick (1999), Interannual variability of the Madden-Julian Oscillation, J. Clim., 12, 25382550.
  • Kanamitsu, M., W. Ebisuzaki, J. Woollen, S.-K. Yang, J. J. Hnilo, M. Fiorino, and G. L. Potter (2002), NCEP-DOE AMIP-II Reanalysis (R-2), Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 83, 16311643.
  • Kessler, W. S., and R. Kleeman (2000), Rectification of the Madden-Julian Oscillation into the ENSO cycle, J. Clim., 13, 35603575.
  • Kessler, W. S., M. J. McPhaden, and K. M. Weickmann (1995), Forcing of intraseasonal Kelvin waves in the equatorial Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 10,61310,631.
  • Lau, K.-M. (2005), El Niño Southern Oscillation–climate connections, in Intraseasonal Variability in the Atmosphere-Ocean Climate System, edited by K.-M. Lau, and D. E. Waliser, Springer, New York.
  • McPhaden, M. J. (1999), Genesis and evolution of the 1997–98 El Niño, Science, 283, 950954.
  • North, G. R., T. L. Bell, R. F. Cahalan, and F. J. Moeng (1982), Sampling errors in the estimation of empirical orthogonal functions, Mon. Weather Rev., 110, 699706.
  • Rasmusson, E. M., X. L. Wang, and C. F. Ropelewski (1994), Secular variability of the ENSO cycle, in Decade to Century Time Scales of Natural Climate Variability, 630 pp., Elsevier, New York.
  • Reynolds, R. W., N. A. Rayner, T. M. Smith, D. C. Stokes, and W. Wang (2002), An improved in situ and satellite SST analysis for climate, J. Clim., 15, 16091625.
  • Xue, Y., A. Leetmaa, and M. Ji (2000), ENSO prediction with Markov model: The impact of sea level, J. Clim., 13, 849871.
  • Zebiak, S. E. (1989), On the 30–60 day oscillation and the prediction of El Niño, J. Clim., 2, 13811387.
  • Zhang, C., and J. Gottschalck (2002), SST anomalies of ENSO and the Madden-Julian Oscillation in the equatorial Pacific, J. Clim., 15, 24292445.