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[1] A compilation of shear wave splitting measurements in the North China Craton (NCC) is presented to investigate the upper mantle anisotropy beneath the region. By applying the method of Silver and Chan (1991), the splitting parameters of fast polarization direction and delay time are determined from SKS waveforms for 38 broadband stations. The results reveal the presence of small to large seismic anisotropy in the mantle beneath the NCC. The most striking result is the distinct difference of fast polarization directions between the Eastern Block (EB) and the Central Zone (CZ) of the NCC. The fast polarization directions trend SE beneath the EB, which implies that northwestward mantle flow has played a significant role in the reactivating of the EB during Late Mesozoic to Early Cenozoic, and the boundary between the CZ and the EB was possibly a west limit where the mantle flow was deflected. However, a collision event occurred in Early Proterozoic was also a possible cause for the anisotropy of the lithosphere beneath the CZ, depending on the craton lithosphere beneath the region had not been completely reformed by later tectonic activities.