SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adler, R. F., et al. (2003), The version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) monthly precipitation analysis (1979–present), J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 11471167.
  • Collins, W. D., C. M. Bitz, M. L. Blackmon, G. B. Bonan, C. S. Bretherton, J. A. Carton, P. Chang, S. C. Doney, J. J. Hack, T. B. Henderson, J. T. Kiehl, W. G. Large, D. S. McKenna, B. D. Santer, and R. D. Smith (2005a), The Community Climate System Model: CCSM3, J. Climate, in press.
  • Collins, W. D., P. J. Rasch, B. A. Boville, J. J. Hack, J. R. McCaa, D. L. Williamson, B. P. Briegleb, C. M. Bitz, S.-J. Lin, and M. Zhang (2005b), The formulation and atmospheric simulation of the Community Atmosphere Model: CAM3, J. Climate, in press.
  • Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. R. Karl (1999), Effects of clouds, soil moisture, precipitation and water vapor on diurnal temperature range, J. Clim., 12, 24512473.
  • Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. Qian (2004), A global data set of Palmer Drought Severity Index for 1870–2002: Relationship with soil moisture and effects of surface warming, J. Hydrometeorol., 5, 11171130.
  • Deser, C., A. S. Phillips, and J. W. Hurrell (2004), Pacific interdecadal climate variability: Linkages between the tropics and the north Pacific during boreal winter since 1900, J. Clim., 17, 31093124.
  • Golubev, V. S., J. H. Lawrimore, P. Y. Groisman, N. A. Speranskaya, S. A. Zhuravin, M. J. Menne, T. C. Peterson, and R. W. Malone (2001), Evaporation changes over the contiguous United States and the former USSR: A reassessment, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 26652668.
  • Groisman, P. Y., R. W. Knight, T. R. Karl, D. R. Easterling, B. Sun, and J. H. Lawrimore (2004), Contemporary changes of the hydrological cycle over the contiguous United States: Trends derived from in situ observations, J. Hydrometeorol., 5, 6485.
  • Groisman, P. Y., R. W. Knight, D. R. Easterling, T. R. Karl, G. C. Hegerl, V. N. Razuvaev, and N. Vyacheslav (2005), Trends in intense precipitation in the climate record, J. Clim., 18, 13261350.
  • Hurrell, J. W., Y. Kushnir, M. Visbeck, and G. Ottersen (2003), An overview of the North Atlantic Oscillation, in The North Atlantic Oscillation: Climatic Significance and Environmental Impact, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 134, edited by J. W. Hurrell et al., pp. 135, AGU, Washington, D. C.
  • Isaac, G. A., and R. A. Stuart (1992), Temperature-precipitation relationships for Canadian stations, J. Clim., 5, 822830.
  • LeMone, P. A., R. L. Grossman, F. Chen, K. Ikeda, and D. Yates (2003), Choosing the averaging interval for comparison of observed and modeled fluxes along aircraft transects over a heterogeneous surface, J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 179195.
  • Liepert, B. G. (2002), Observed reductions of surface solar radiation at sites in the United States and worldwide from 1961 to 1990, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(10), 1421, doi:10.1029/2002GL014910.
  • Madden, R. A., and J. Williams (1978), The correlation between temperature and precipitation in the United States and Europe, Mon. Weather Rev., 106, 142147.
  • Nicholls, N., P. Della-Marta, and D. Collins (2004), 20th century changes in temperature and rainfall in New South Wales, Aust. Meteorol. Mag., 53, 263268.
  • Milly, P. C. D., and K. A. Dunne (2001), Trends in evaporation and surface cooling in the Mississippi River basin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 12191222.
  • Saravanan, R. (1998), Atmospheric low-frequency variability and its relationship to midlatitude SST variability: Studies using the NCAR Climate System Model, J. Clim., 11, 13861404.
  • Simmons, A. J., P. D. Jones, V. da Costa Bechtold, A. C. M. Beljaars, P. W. Kållberg, S. Saarinen, S. M. Uppala, P. Viterbo, and N. Wedi (2004), Comparison of trends and low-frequency variability in CRU, ERA-40, and NCEP/NCAR analyses of surface air temperature, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D24115, doi:10.1029/2004JD005306.
  • Trenberth, K. E., J. M. Caron, D. P. Stepaniak, and S. Worley (2002), Evolution of El Niño Southern Oscillation and global atmospheric surface temperatures, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D8), 4065, doi:10.1029/2000JD000298.
  • Trenberth, K. E., A. Dai, R. M. Rasmussen, and D. B. Parsons (2003), The changing character of precipitation, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 84, 12051217.
  • Trenberth, K. E., J. Fasullo, and L. Smith (2005), Trends and variability in column-integrated water vapor, Clim. Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-005-0017-4, in press.
  • Walter, M. T., D. S. Wilks, J.-Y. Parlange, and R. L. Schneider (2004), Increasing evapotranspiration from the conterminous United States, J. Hydrometeorol., 5, 405408.
  • Yin, X., A. Gruber, and P. Arkin (2004), Comparison of the GPCP and CMAP merged gauge-satellite monthly precipitation products for the period 1979–2001, J. Hydrometeorol., 5, 12071222.
  • Zhao, W., and M. A. K. Khalil (1993), The relationship between precipitation and temperature over the contiguous United States, J. Clim., 6, 12321236.