Aerosol anthropogenic component estimated from satellite data
Article first published online: 3 SEP 2005
Copyright 2005 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 32, Issue 17, September 2005
How to Cite
2005), Aerosol anthropogenic component estimated from satellite data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L17804, doi:10.1029/2005GL023125., , , , , and (
- Issue published online: 3 SEP 2005
- Article first published online: 3 SEP 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 JUL 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 5 JUL 2005
- Manuscript Received: 31 MAR 2005
 Satellite instruments do not measure the aerosol chemical composition needed to discriminate anthropogenic from natural aerosol components. However the ability of new satellite instruments to distinguish fine (submicron) from coarse (supermicron) aerosols over the oceans, serves as a signature of the anthropogenic component and can be used to estimate the fraction of anthropogenic aerosols with an uncertainty of ±30%. Application to two years of global MODIS data shows that 21 ± 7% of the aerosol optical thickness over the oceans has an anthropogenic origin. We found that three chemical transport models, used for global estimates of the aerosol forcing of climate, calculate a global average anthropogenic optical thickness over the ocean between 0.030 and 0.036, in line with the present MODIS assessment of 0.033. This increases our confidence in model assessments of the aerosol direct forcing of climate. The MODIS estimated aerosol forcing over cloud free oceans is therefore −1.4 ± 0.4 W/m2.