[1] Using a high-resolution atmosphere–ocean coupled climate model, responses of the Kuroshio and the Kuroshio Extension (KE) to global warming are investigated. In a climate change experiment with atmospheric CO2 concentration ideally increased by 1% year−1, the current velocity of the Kuroshio and KE increases, while the latitude of the Kuroshio separation to the east of Japan does not change significantly. The increase of the current velocity is up to 0.3 m s−1 at 150°E. This acceleration of the Kuroshio and KE is due to changes in wind stress over the North Pacific and consequent spin-up of the Kuroshio recirculation gyre. The acceleration of the currents may affect sea level along the southern coast of Japan and northward heat transport under global warming.