ICESat profiles of tabular iceberg margins and iceberg breakup at low latitudes
Article first published online: 3 NOV 2005
Copyright 2005 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 32, Issue 23, December 2005
How to Cite
2005), ICESat profiles of tabular iceberg margins and iceberg breakup at low latitudes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L23S09, doi:10.1029/2005GL023802., , , , and (
- Issue published online: 3 NOV 2005
- Article first published online: 3 NOV 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 18 SEP 2005
- Manuscript Received: 14 JUN 2005
 ICESat elevation profiles of tabular iceberg margins and the Ronne Ice Shelf edge reveal shapes indicative of two types of bending forces. Icebergs and shelf fronts in sea-ice-covered areas have broad (∼1000 m wide), rounded, ∼0.6 m high ‘berms’ and outer edges that slope down several meters toward the water. Bergs in warmer water have 2 to 5m ‘ramparts’ with ∼1500 m wide edge-parallel ‘moats’ inboard of the edge. This latter pattern was first revealed in images from International Space Station (ISS) showing edge-parallel melt ponds on one iceberg just prior to its disintegration. Model results indicate the patterns are caused by hydrostatic and lithostatic forces acting on the ice face. ‘Berm’ profiles arise from differences between ice and water pressure along the face. ‘Rampart-moat’ profiles result from waterline erosion, creating a submerged bench of ice that lifts the ice edge. We use the results to discuss iceberg breakup at low latitudes.