SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anderson, G., S. Clough, F. Kneizys, J. Chetwynd, and E. Shettle (1986), AFGL atmospheric constituent profiles, AFGL Tech. Rep., AFGL-TR-86-0110.
  • Babey, S., and C. Anger (1989), A compact airborne spectrographic imager (CASI), paper presented at IGARSS, Inst. of Electr. and Electron. Eng., Vancouver, B. C., Canada.
  • Barker, H. W., R. K. Goldstein, and D. E. Stevens (2003), Monte Carlo simulation of solar reflectances for cloudy atmospheres, J. Atmos. Sci., 60, 18811894.
  • Brenguier, J.-L., H. Pawlowska, L. Schüller, R. Preusker, J. Fischer, and Y. Fouquart (2000a), Radiative properties of boundary layer clouds: Droplet effective radius versus number concentration, J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 803821.
  • Brenguier, J.-L., et al. (2000b), An overview of the ACE-2 CLOUDYCOLUMN closure experiment, Tellus, Ser. B, 52, 815827.
  • Bryan, G. H., J. C. Wyngaard, and J. M. Fritsch (2003), Resolution requirements for the simulation of deep moist convection, Mon. Weather Rev., 131(10), 23942416.
  • Cahalan, R. F., W. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, and T. L. Bell (1994a), The albedo of fractal stratocumulus clouds, J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 24342455.
  • Cahalan, R. F., W. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, S. Gollmer, and Harshvardhan (1994b), Independent pixel and Monte Carlo estimates of stratocumulus albedo, J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 37763790.
  • Cahalan, R. F., D. Silberstein, and J. Snider (1995), Liquid water path and plane-parallel albedo bias during ASTEX, J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 30023012.
  • Cahalan, R. F., et al. (2005), The International Intercomparison of 3D Radiation Codes (I3RC): Bringing together the most advanced radiative transfer tools for cloudy atmospheres, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 86, 12751293.
  • Chuang, P. Y. (2000), CCN measurements during ACE-2 and their relationship to cloud microphysical properties, Tellus, Ser. B, 52, 843867.
  • Coakley, J. A.Jr. (1991), Reflectivities of uniform and broken layered clouds, Tellus, Ser. B, 43, 420433.
  • Crewell, S., et al. (2004), The BALTEX Bridge Campaign: An integrated approach for a better understanding of clouds, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 85, 15651584, doi:10.1175/BAMS-85-10-1565.
  • Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. Cahalan, and W. Wiscombe (1997), The Landsat scale break in stratocumulus as a three-dimensional radiative transfer effect: Implications for cloud remote sensing, J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 241260.
  • Davis, A. B., R. F. Cahalan, D. Spinhirne, M. J. McGill, and S. P. Love (1999), Off-beam Lidar: An emerging technique in cloud remote sensing based on radiative Green-function theory in the diffusion domain, Phys. Chem. Earth B: Hydrol. Oceans Atmos., 24(3), 177185.
  • Di Giuseppe, F., and A. M. Tompkins (2003), Effect of spatial organization on solar radiative transfer in three-dimensional idealized stratocumulus cloud fields, J. Atmos. Sci., 60, 17741794.
  • Evans, K. F., and W. J. Wiscombe (2004), An algorithm for generating stochastic cloud fields from radar profile statistics, Atmos. Res., 72, 263289.
  • Faure, T., H. Isaka, and B. Guillemet (2001), Neural network retrieval of cloud parameters of inhomogeneous and fractional clouds. Feasibility study, Remote Sens. Environ., 77, 123138.
  • Faure, T., H. Isaka, and B. Guillemet (2002), Neural network retrieval of cloud parameters from high-resolution multispectral radiometric data: A feasibility study, Remote Sens. Environ., 80, 285296.
  • Fu, Q., M. Cribb, H. Barker, S. Krueger, and A. Grossman (2000), Cloud geometry effects on atmospheric solar absorption, J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 11561168.
  • Holton, J. R. (1992), An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, Int. Geophys. Ser., vol. 48, Elsevier, New York.
  • Iwabuchi, H., and T. Hayasaka (2003), A multi-spectral non-local method for retrieval of boundary layer cloud properties from optical remote sensing data, Remote Sens. Environ., 88, 294308.
  • Kolmogorov, A. N. (1941), Local structure of turbulence in incompressible viscous fluid at a very high Reynolds number, Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, 30, 299302.
  • Loeb, N. G., T. Varnai, and D. M. Winker (1998), Influence of subpixel-scale cloud-top structure of reflectances from overcast stratiform cloud layers, J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 29602973.
  • Lucy, L. B. (1974), An iterative technique for the rectification of observed distributions, Astron. J., 79, 745754.
  • Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. Wiscombe, and R. Cahalan (1995), Radiative smoothing in fractal clouds, J. Geophys. Res., 100(D12), 26,24726,261.
  • Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. Cahalan, and W. Wiscombe (1998a), Nonlocal independent pixel approximation: Direct and inverse problems, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 36, 192204.
  • Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. Wiscombe, and R. Cahalan (1998b), Radiative effects of sub-mean free path liquid water variability observed in stratiform clouds, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D16), 19,55719,567.
  • Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. Wiscombe, W. Ridgway, and R. Cahalan (1998c), Biases in shortwave column absorption in the presence of fractal clouds, J. Clim., 11, 431446.
  • Martin, G. M., D. W. Johnson, and A. Spice (1994), The measurement and parameterization of effective radius of droplets in warm stratocumulus clouds, J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 18231842.
  • Mayer, B. (1999), I3RC phase 1 results from the MYSTIC Monte Carlo model, in Intercomparison of Three-Dimensional Radiation Codes: Abstracts of the First and Second International Workshops, pp. 4954, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson.
  • Mayer, B. (2000), I3RC phase 2 results from the MYSTIC Monte Carlo model, in Intercomparison of Three-Dimensional Radiation Codes: Abstracts of the First and Second International Workshops, pp. 107108, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson.
  • Mayer, B., and A. Kylling (2005), Technical note: The libRadtran software package for radiative transfer calculations: Description and examples of use, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 18551877.
  • O'Hirok, W., and C. Gautier (1998), A three-dimensional radiative transfer model to investigate the solar radiation within a cloudy atmosphere. Part I: Spatial effects, J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 21622179.
  • Pawlowska, H., J.-L. Brenguier, and F. Burnet (2000), Microphysical properties of stratocumulus clouds, Atmos. Res., 55, 1533.
  • Pruppacher, H. R., and J. D. Klett (1997), Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation, Springer, New York.
  • Richardson, W. H. (1972), Bayesian-based iterative method of image restoration, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 62, 5559.
  • Rossow, W. B., C. Delo, and B. Cairns (2002), Implications of the observed mesoscale variations of clouds for the Earth's radiation budget, J. Clim., 15, 557585.
  • Scheirer, R., and A. Macke (2003), Cloud inhomogeneity and broadband solar fluxes, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D19), 4599, doi:10.1029/2002JD003321.
  • Scheirer, R., and S. Schmidt (2005), CLABAUTAIR: A new algorithm for retrieving three-dimensional cloud structure from airborne microphysical measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 23332340.
  • Schröder, M., and R. Bennartz (2003), Impact of gas absorption and surface albedo on cloud radiative smoothing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(4), 1168, doi:10.1029/2002GL016523.
  • Schüller, L., J.-L. Brenguier, and H. Pawlowska (2003), Retrieval of microphysical, geometrical, and radiative properties of marine stratocumulus from remote sensing, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D15), 8631, doi:10.1029/2002JD002680.
  • Stephens, G., et al. (2002), The Cloudsat mission and the A-train, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 83, 17711790.
  • Varnai, T. (2000), Influence of three-dimensional radiative effects on the spatial distribution of shortwave cloud reflection, J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 216229.
  • Varnai, T., and A. Marshak (2001), Statistical analysis of the uncertainties in cloud optical depth retrievals caused by three-dimensional radiative effects, J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 15401548.
  • Venema, V., S. Meyer, S. G. Garcia, C. Simmer, S. Crewell, U. Löhnert, and T. Trautmann (2004), Iterative amplitude adapted Fourier transform surrogate cloud fields, paper presented at 14th International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation, World Meteorol. Organ., Bologna, Italy.
  • von Storch, H., and F. W. Zwiers (1999), Statistical Analysis in Climate Research, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Wyser, K., W. O'Hirok, C. Gautier, and C. Jones (2002), Remote sensing of surface solar irradiance with corrections for 3-D cloud effects, Remote Sens. Environ., 80, 272284.
  • Zinner, T., and B. Mayer (2006), Remote sensing of stratocumulus clouds: Uncertainties and biases due to inhomogeneity, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2005JD006955, in press.