SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alpert, D. J., and P. K. Hopke (1981), A determination of the sources of airborne particles collected during the regional air pollution study, Atmos. Environ., 15, 675687.
  • Bae, M.-S., J. J. Schauer, J. T. DeMinter, J. R. Turner, D. Smith, and R. A. Cary (2004a), Validation of a semi-continuous instrument for elemental carbon and organic carbon using a thermal-optical method, Atmos. Environ., 38, 28852893.
  • Bae, M.-S., J. J. Schauer, J. T. DeMinter, and J. R. Turner (2004b), Hourly and daily patterns of particle-phase organic and elemental carbon concentrations in the urban atmosphere, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 54, 823833.
  • Birch, M. E., and R. A. Cary (1996), Elemental carbon-based method for monitoring occupational exposures to particulate diesel exhaust, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 25, 221241.
  • Chang, S. N., P. K. Hopke, G. E. Gordon, and S. W. Rheingrover (1988), Target transformation factor analysis of airborne particulate samples selected by wind-trajectory analysis, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 8, 6380.
  • Chow, J. C., J. G. Watson, L. C. Pritchett, W. R. Pierson, C. A. Frazier, and R. G. Purcell (1993), The DRI thermal/optical reflectance carbon analysis system: Description, evaluation and applications in U.S. air quality studies, Atmos. Environ., Part A, 27, 11851201.
  • Chow, J. C., J. G. Watson, D. Crow, D. H. Lowenthal, and T. Merrifield (2001), Comparison of IMPROVE and NIOSH carbon measurements, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 34, 2334.
  • Coutant, B. W., and K. E. Swinton (2002), Preliminary source apportionment of speciated PM2.5 measurements in St. Louis, paper presented at the Symposium on Air Quality Measurement Methods and Technology—2002, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., San Francisco, Calif., 13 – 15 Nov.
  • Deardorff, N. D. (2004), Aerosol climatology at Reserve, Kansas—A rural Midwestern site, M. S. thesis, Environ. Eng., Washington Univ., St. Louis, Mo.
  • Gatz, D. F., and J. M. Prospero (1996), A large silicon-aluminum aerosol plume in central Illinois: North African desert dust? Atmos. Environ., 30, 37893799.
  • Gebhart, K. A., S. M. Kreidenweis, and W. C. Malm (2001), Back-trajectory analyses of fine particulate matter measured at Big Bend National Park in the historical database and the 1996 scoping study, Sci. Total Environ., 276, 185204.
  • Gertler, A. W., J. A. Gillies, W. R. Pierson, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Sagebiel, M. Abu-Allaban, W. Coulombe, L. Tarnay, and T. A. Cahill (2002), Real-world particulate matter and gaseous emissions from motor vehicles in a highway tunnel, in Research Report of Emissions From Diesel and Gasoline Engines Measured in Highway Tunnels, pp. 556, Health Effects Inst., Boston, Mass.
  • Goodwin, B. P. (2005), Measurement of ambient black carbon and sulfate aerosols at high time resolution, M. S. thesis, Environ. Eng., Washington Univ., St. Louis, Mo.
  • Hopke, P. K. (1985), Receptor Modeling in Environmental Chemistry, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Jang, M. S., S. Lee, and R. M. Kamens (2003), Organic aerosol growth by acid-catalyzed heterogeneous reactions of octanal in a flow reactor, Atmos. Environ., 37, 21252138.
  • Kenski, D. M., and M. Koerber (2002), CMB analysis of urban PM2.5 data, paper presented at the Symposium on Air Quality Measurement Methods and Technology—2002, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., San Francisco, Calif., 13 – 15 Nov.
  • Kim, E., and P. K. Hopke (2004a), Improving source identification of fine particles in a rural northeastern U.S. area utilizing temperature-resolved carbon fractions, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D09204, doi:10.1029/2003JD004199.
  • Kim, E., and P. K. Hopke (2004b), Source apportionment of fine particles at Washington, D.C. utilizing temperature resolved carbon fractions, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 54, 773785.
  • Kim, E., P. K. Hopke, and E. S. Edgerton (2003), Source identification of Atlanta aerosol by positive matrix factorization, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 53, 731739.
  • Kim, E., P. K. Hopke, and E. S. Edgerton (2004), Improving source identification of Atlanta aerosol using temperature resolved carbon fractions in positive matrix factorization, Atmos. Environ., 38, 33493362.
  • Kim, E., P. K. Hopke, J. P. Pinto, and W. E. Wilson (2005), Spatial variability of fine particle mass, components, and source contributions during the Regional Air Pollution Study in St. Louis, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 41724179.
  • Koutrakis, P., J. M. Wolfson, M. Brauer, and J. D. Spengler (1990), Design of a glass impactor for an annular denuder/filter pack system, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 12, 607612.
  • Laden, F., F. M. Neas, D. W. Dockery, and J. Schwartz (2000), Association of fine particulate matter from different sources with daily mortality in six U. S. cities, Environ. Health Perspect., 108, 941947.
  • Lee, E., C. K. Chan, and P. Paatero (1999), Application of positive matrix factorization in source apportionment of particulate pollutants in Hong Kong, Atmos. Environ., 33, 32013212.
  • Lee, J. H., and P. K. Hopke (2006), Apportioning sources of PM2.5 in St. Louis, MO using Speciation Trends Network data, Atmos. Environ. in press.
  • Lee, J. H., Y. Yoshida, B. J. Turpin, P. K. Hopke, R. L. Poirot, P. J. Lioy, and J. C. Oxley (2002), Identification of sources contributing to mid-Atlantic regional aerosol, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 52, 11861205.
  • Liu, C. K., B. A. Roscoe, K. G. Severin, and P. K. Hopke (1982), The application of factor analysis to source apportionment of aerosol mass, Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J., 43, 314318.
  • Lough, G. C., J. J. Schauer, J.-S. Park, M. M. Shafer, J. T. Deminter, and J. P. Weinstein (2005), Emissions of metals associated with motor vehicle roadways, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 826836.
  • Marple, V. A., K. L. Rubow, W. Turner, and J. D. Spengler (1987), Low flow rate sharp cut impactors for indoor air sampling: Design and calibration, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc., 37, 13031307.
  • Paatero, P. (1997), Least square formulation of robust non-negative factor analysis, Chemom. Intel. Lab. Syst., 37, 2335.
  • Paatero, P., and P. K. Hopke (2003), Discarding or downweighting high-noise variables in factor analytic models, Anal. Chim. Acta, 490, 277289.
  • Paatero, P., P. K. Hopke, X. H. Song, and Z. Ramadan (2002), Understanding and controlling rotations in factor analytic models, Chemom. Intel. Lab. Syst., 60, 253264.
  • Perry, K. D., T. A. Cahill, R. A. Eldred, D. D. Dutcher, and T. E. Cahill (1997), Long-range transport of North African dust to the eastern United States, J. Geophys. Res., 102(D10), 11,22511,238.
  • Polissar, A. V., P. K. Hopke, P. Paatero, W. C. Malm, and J. F. Sisler (1998), Atmospheric aerosol over Alaska: 2. Elemental composition and sources, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D15), 19,04519,057.
  • Rheingrover, S. W., and G. E. Gordon (1988), Wind-trajectory method for determining compositions of particles from major air pollution sources, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 8, 2961.
  • Schauer, J. J., et al. (2003), ACE-Asia intercomparison of a thermal-optical method for the determination of particle-phase organic and elemental carbon, Environ. Sci. Technol., 37, 9931001.
  • Severin, K. G., B. A. Roscoe, and P. K. Hopke (1983), The use of factor analysis in source determination of particulate emissions, Part. Sci. Technol., 1, 183192.
  • Shah, S. D., D. R. Cocker III, J. M. Wayne, and J. M. Norbeck (2004), Emission rates of particulate matter and elemental and organic carbon from in-use diesel engines, Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 25442550.
  • Sioutas, C., S. N. Pandis, D. T. Allen, and P. Solomon (2004), Preface: Special issue on findings from EPA's Particulate Matter Supersite Program, Atmos. Environ., 38, 31013106.
  • Watson, J. G., J. C. Chow, D. H. Lowenthal, L. C. Pritchett, C. A. Frazier, G. R. Neuroth, and R. Robbins (1994), Differences in the carbon composition of source profiles for diesel- and gasoline-powered vehicles, Atmos. Environ., 28, 24932505.
  • Yu, M. N. S. (2005), Particulate matter ion concentrations at the St. Louis-Midwest Supersite: Particle-Into-Liquid Sampler (PILS) measurements, M. S. thesis, Environ. Eng., Washington Univ., St. Louis, Mo.
  • Zhao, W., and P. K. Hopke (2004), Source apportionment for ambient particles in the San Gorgonio wilderness, Atmos. Environ., 38, 59015910.
  • Zhou, L., E. Kim, P. K. Hopke, C. O. Stanier, and S. Pandis (2004), Advanced factor analysis on Pittsburgh particle size-distribution data, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 38(S1), 118132.