SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aubinet, M., et al. (2000), Estimates of the annual net carbon and water exchange of forests: The EUROFLUX methodology, Adv. Ecol. Res., 30, 113175.
  • Baldocchi, D. D. (2003), Assessing the eddy covariance technique for evaluating carbon dioxide exchange rates of ecosystems: Past, present and future, Global Change Biol., 9(4), 479492.
  • Baldocchi, D. D., S. B. Verma, and D. E. Anderson (1987), Canopy photosynthesis and water-use efficiency in a deciduous forest, J. Appl. Ecol., 24(1), 251260.
  • Barnes, B. V., and W. H. Wagner (1981), Michigan Trees: A Guide to the Trees of Michigan and the Great Lakes Region, 383 pp., Univ. of Mich. Press, Ann Arbor.
  • Berbigier, P., J. M. Bonnefond, and P. Mellmann (2001), CO2 and water vapour fluxes for 2 years above Euroflux forest site, Agric. For. Meteorol., 108(3), 183197.
  • Berger, B. W., K. J. Davis, C. X. Yi, P. S. Bakwin, and C. L. Zhao (2001), Long-term carbon dioxide fluxes from a very tall tower in a northern forest: Flux measurement methodology, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 18(4), 529542.
  • Bierhuizen, J. F., and R. O. Slatyer (1965), Effect of atmospheric concentration of water vapour and CO2 in determining transpiration-photosynthesis relationships of cotton leaves, Agric. Meteorol., 2(4), 259270.
  • Bovard, B. D., P. S. Curtis, C. S. Vogel, H. B. Su, and H. P. Schmid (2005), Environmental controls on sap flow in a northern hardwood forest, Tree Physiol., 25(1), 3138.
  • Buck, A. L. (1981), New equations for computing vapor pressure and enhancement factor, J. Appl. Meteorol., 20(12), 15271532.
  • Cook, B. D., et al. (2004), Carbon exchange and venting anomalies in an upland deciduous forest in northern Wisconsin, USA, Agric. For. Meteorol., 126(3–4), 271295.
  • Cowan, I. R. (1977), Stomatal behaviour and environment, Adv. Bot. Res., 4, 117228.
  • Dawson, T. E. (1996), Determining water use by trees and forests from isotopic, energy balance and transpiration analyses: The roles of tree size and hydraulic lift, Tree Physiol., 16(1–2), 263272.
  • Desai, A. R., P. V. Bolstad, B. D. Cook, K. J. Davis, and E. V. Carey (2005), Comparing net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide between an old-growth and mature forest in the upper Midwest, USA, Agric. For. Meteorol., 128(1–2), 3355.
  • Dewar, R. C. (1997), A simple model of light and water use evaluated for Pinus radiata, Tree Physiol., 17(4), 259265.
  • Ewers, B. E., and R. Oren (2000), Analyses of assumptions and errors in the calculation of stomatal conductance from sap flux measurements, Tree Physiol., 20(9), 579589.
  • Ewers, B. E., R. Oren, T. J. Albaugh, and P. M. Dougherty (1999), Carry-over effects of water and nutrient supply on water use of Pinus taeda, Ecol. Appl., 9(2), 513525.
  • Ewers, B. E., R. Oren, K. H. Johnsen, and J. J. Landsberg (2001), Estimating maximum mean canopy stomatal conductance for use in models, Can. J. For. Res., 31(2), 198207.
  • Ewers, B. E., D. S. Mackay, S. T. Gower, D. E. Ahl, S. N. Burrows, and S. S. Samanta (2002), Tree species effects on stand transpiration in northern Wisconsin, Water Resour. Res., 38(7), 1103, doi:10.1029/2001WR000830.
  • Ewers, B. E., S. T. Gower, B. Bond-Lamberty, and C. K. Wang (2005), Effects of stand age and tree species on canopy transpiration and average stomatal conductance of boreal forests, Plant Cell Environ., 28(5), 660678.
  • Ewers, B. E., D. S. Mackay, J. Tang, P. Bolstad, and S. Samanta (2006), Intercomparison of sugar maple (Acer sacchrum Marsh.) stand transpiration responses to environmental conditions from the western Great Lakes region of the United States, Agric. For. Meteorol. in press.
  • Farquhar, G. D., T. N. Buckley, and J. M. Miller (2002), Optimal stomatal control in relation to leaf area and nitrogen content, Silva Fennica, 36(3), 625637.
  • Foley, J. A., S. Levis, M. H. Costa, W. Cramer, and D. Pollard (2000), Incorporating dynamic vegetation cover within global climate models, Ecol. Appl., 10(6), 16201632.
  • Franks, P. J. (2004), Stomatal control and hydraulic conductance, with special reference to tall trees, Tree Physiol., 24(8), 865878.
  • Frelich, L. E., R. R. Calcote, M. B. Davis, and J. Pastor (1993), Patch formation and maintenance in an old-growth hemlock-hardwood forest, Ecology, 74(2), 513527.
  • Goulden, M. L., et al. (1998), Sensitivity of boreal forest carbon balance to soil thaw, Science, 279, 214217.
  • Gower, S. T., R. E. McMurtrie, and D. Murty (1996), Aboveground net primary production decline with stand age: Potential causes, Trends Ecol. Evol., 11(9), 378382.
  • Granier, A. (1987), Evaluation of transpiration in a Douglas-fir stand by means of sap flow measurements, Tree Physiol., 3, 309320.
  • Granier, A., and D. Loustau (1994), Measuring and modeling the transpiration of a maritime pine canopy from sap-flow data, Agric. For. Meteorol., 71(1–2), 6181.
  • Hari, P., A. Makela, E. Korpilahti, and M. Holmberg (1986), Optimal control of gas exchange, Tree Physiol., 2, 169175.
  • Harmon, M. E., K. Bible, M. G. Ryan, D. C. Shaw, H. Chen, J. Klopatek, and X. Li (2004), Production, respiration, and overall carbon balance in an old-growth Pseudotsuga-tsuga forest ecosystem, Ecosystems, 7(5), 498512.
  • Irvine, J., B. E. Law, M. R. Kurpius, P. M. Anthoni, D. Moore, and P. A. Schwarz (2004), Age-related changes in ecosystem structure and function and effects on water and carbon exchange in ponderosa pine, Tree Physiol., 24(7), 753763.
  • Jarvis, P. G. (1976), Interpretation of variations in leaf water potential and stomatal conductance found in canopies in the field, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, 273(927), 593610.
  • Jones, H. G. (1992), Plants and Microclimate: A Quantitative Approach to Environmental Plant Physiology, 428 pp., Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Katul, G., R. Leuning, and R. Oren (2003), Relationship between plant hydraulic and biochemical properties derived from a steady-state coupled water and carbon transport model, Plant Cell Environ., 26(3), 339350.
  • Kira, T., and T. Shidei (1967), Primary production and turnover of organic matter in different forest ecosystems of the western pacific, Jpn. J. Ecol., 17, 7087.
  • Kostner, B. M. M., E. D. Schulze, F. M. Kelliher, D. Y. Hollinger, J. N. Byers, J. E. Hunt, T. M. Mcseveny, R. Meserth, and P. L. Weir (1992), Transpiration and canopy conductance in a pristine broad-leaved forest of Nothofagus—An analysis of xylem sap flow and eddy-correlation measurements, Oecologia, 91(3), 350359.
  • Kostner, B., E. Falge, and J. D. Tenhunen (2002), Age-related effects on leaf area/sapwood area relationships, canopy transpiration and carbon gain of Norway spruce stands (Picea abies) in the Fichtelgebirge, Germany, Tree Physiol., 22(8), 567574.
  • Lange, O. L., R. Losch, E. D. Schulze, and L. Kappen (1971), Responses of stomata to changes in humidity, Planta, 100(1), 7686.
  • Lindroth, A., and E. Cienciala (1996), Water use efficiency of short-rotation Salix viminalis at leaf, tree and stand scales, Tree Physiol., 16(1–2), 257262.
  • Lundblad, M., F. Lagergren, and A. Lindroth (2001), Evaluation of heat balance and heat dissipation methods for sapflow measurements in pine and spruce, Ann. For. Sci., 58(6), 625638.
  • MacKay, D. S., D. E. Ahl, B. E. Ewers, S. T. Gower, S. N. Burrows, S. Samanta, and K. J. Davis (2002), Effects of aggregated classifications of forest composition on estimates of evapotranspiration in a northern Wisconsin forest, Global Change Biol., 8(12), 12531265.
  • Monteith, J. L. (1986), How do crops manipulate water supply and demand? Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 316(1537), 245259.
  • Monteith, J. L., and M. H. Unsworth (1990), Principles of Environmental Physics, 291 pp., Edward Arnold, London.
  • Moren, A. S., A. Lindroth, and A. Grelle (2001), Water-use efficiency as a means of modelling net assimilation in boreal forests, Trees Struct. Funct., 15(2), 6774.
  • Mott, K. A., and D. F. Parkhurst (1991), Stomatal responses to humidity in air and helox, Plant Cell Environ., 14, 509515.
  • Odum, E. P. (1969), The strategy of ecosystem development, Science, 164, 262270.
  • Oren, R., N. Phillips, G. Katul, B. E. Ewers, and D. E. Pataki (1998), Scaling xylem sap flux and soil water balance and calculating variance: A method for partitioning water flux in forests, Ann. Sci. For., 55(1–2), 191216.
  • Oren, R., J. S. Sperry, G. G. Katul, D. E. Pataki, B. E. Ewers, N. Phillips, and K. V. R. Schafer (1999), Survey and synthesis of intra- and interspecific variation in stomatal sensitivity to vapour pressure deficit, Plant Cell Environ., 22(12), 15151526.
  • Oren, R., J. S. Sperry, B. E. Ewers, D. E. Pataki, N. Phillips, and J. P. Megonigal (2001), Sensitivity of mean canopy stomatal conductance to vapor pressure deficit in a flooded Taxodium distichum L. forest: Hydraulic and non-hydraulic effects, Oecologia, 126(1), 2129.
  • Pastor, J., and M. Broschart (1990), The spatial pattern of a northern hardwood-conifer landscape, Landscape Ecol., 4(1), 5568.
  • Pausch, R. C., E. E. Grote, and T. E. Dawson (2000), Estimating water use by sugar maple trees: Considerations when using heat-pulse methods in trees with deep functional sapwood, Tree Physiol., 20(4), 217227.
  • Phillips, N., and R. Oren (1998), A comparison of daily representations of canopy conductance based on two conditional time-averaging methods and the dependence of daily conductance on environmental factors, Ann. Sci. Forest., 55(1–2), 217235.
  • Phillips, N., A. Nagchaudhuri, R. Oren, and G. Katul (1997), Time constant for water transport in loblolly pine trees estimated from time series of evaporative demand and stem sapflow, Trees Struct. Funct., 11(7), 412419.
  • Phillips, N., B. J. Bond, N. G. McDowell, and M. G. Ryan (2002), Canopy and hydraulic conductance in young, mature and old Douglas-fir trees, Tree Physiol., 22(2–3), 205211.
  • Ryan, M. G., D. Binkley, J. H. Fownes, C. P. Giardina, and R. S. Senock (2004), An experimental test of the causes of forest growth decline with stand age, Ecol. Monogr., 74(3), 393414.
  • Saleska, S. R., et al. (2003), Carbon in Amazon forests: Unexpected seasonal fluxes and disturbance-induced losses, Science, 302, 15541557.
  • Schäfer, K. V. R., R. Oren, and J. D. Tenhunen (2000), The effect of tree height on crown level stomatal conductance, Plant Cell Environ., 23(4), 365375.
  • Schäfer, K. V. R., R. Oren, C.-T. Lai, and G. G. Katul (2002), Hydrologic balance in an intact temperate forest ecosystem under ambient and elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration, Global Change Biol., 8(9), 895911.
  • Sellers, P. J., et al. (1997), Modeling the exchanges of energy, water, and carbon between continents and the atmosphere, Science, 275, 502509.
  • Tang, J., P. V. Bolstad, A. R. Desai, J. G. Martin, B. D. Cook, K. J. Davis, and E. V. Carey (2006), Ecosystem respiration and its components in an old-growth forest in the Great Lakes region of the United States, Agric. For. Meteorol. in press.
  • Tanner, C. B., and T. R. Sinclair (1983), Efficient water use in crop production: Research or re-search? in Limitations to Efficient Water Use in Crop Production, edited by H. M. Tabberer, W. R. Jordan, and T. R. Sinclair, pp. 127, Am. Soc. of Agron., Madison, Wis.,
  • Unsworth, M. H., N. Phillips, T. Link, B. J. Bond, M. Falk, M. E. Harmon, T. M. Hinckley, D. Marks, and K. T. Paw U (2004), Components and controls of water flux in an old-growth Douglas-fir-western hemlock ecosystem, Ecosystems, 7(5), 468481.