SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Barber, R. T., and F. P. Chavez (1983), Biological consequences of El Niño, Science, 222, 12031210.
  • Barnston, A. G., and R. E. Livezey (1987), Classification, seasonality and persistence of low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns, Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 10831126.
  • Boicourt, W. C. (1992), Influence of circulation processes on dissolved oxygen in the Chesapeake Bay, in Oxygen Dynamics in Chesapeake Bay: A Synthesis of Research, edited by D. Smith, M. Leffler, and G. Mackiernan, pp. 759, Univ. of Md. Sea Grant, College Park.
  • Cane, M. A. (1983), Oceanographic events during El Niño, Science, 222, 11891194.
  • Cayan, D. R., and D. H. Peterson (1989), The influence of North Pacific atmospheric circulation on riverflow in the West, in Aspects of Climate Variability in the Pacific and the Western Americas, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 55, edited by D. H. Peterson, pp. 375397, AGU, Washington, D. C.,
  • Cayan, D. R., and D. H. Peterson (1993), Spring climate and salinity in the San Francisco Bay estuary, Water Resour. Res., 29, 293303.
  • Cloern, J. E., A. E. Alpine, B. E. Cole, R. L. Wong, J. F. Arthur, and M. D. Ball (1983), River discharge controls phytoplankton dynamics in the northern San Francisco Bay estuary, Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci., 21, 711725.
  • Crane, R. G., and B. C. Hewitson (1998), Doubled CO2 precipitation changes for the Susquehanna basin: Downscaling from the genesis general circulation model, Int. J. Climatol., 18, 6576.
  • Davis, R. E., and L. S. Kalkstein (1990), Development of an automated spatial synoptic climatological classification, Int. J. Climatol., 10, 769794.
  • Davis, R. E., R. Dolan, and G. Demme (1993), Synoptic climatology of Atlantic coast north-easters, Int. J. Climatol., 13, 171189.
  • Davis, R. E., B. P. Hayden, D. A. Gay, W. L. Phillips, and G. V. Jones (1997), The North Atlantic subtropical anticyclone, J. Clim., 10, 728744.
  • Fisher, T. R.Jr., L. W. Harding Jr., D. W. Stanley, and L. G. Ward (1988), Phytoplankton, nutrients, and turbidity in the Chesapeake, Delaware, and Hudson estuaries, Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci., 27, 6193.
  • Gibson, J. R., and R. G. Najjar (2000), The response of Chesapeake Bay salinity to climate-induced changes in streamflow, Limnol. Oceanogr., 45, 17641772.
  • Gleick, P. H. (1987), The development and testing of a water balance model for climate impact assessment: Modeling the Sacramento Basin, Water Resour. Res., 23, 10491061.
  • Guttman, N. B., and R. G. Quayle (1996), A historical perspective of U.S. climate divisions, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 293303.
  • Hagy, J. D., W. R. Boynton, C. W. Keefe, and K. V. Wood (2004), Hypoxia in Chesapeake Bay, 1950–2001: Long-term changes in the relation to nutrient loading and river flow, Estuaries, 27, 634658.
  • Harding, L. W.Jr. (1994), Long-term trends in the distribution of phytoplankton in Chesapeake Bay: Roles of light, nutrients, and streamflow, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 104, 267291.
  • Harding, L. W.Jr., and E. S. Perry (1997), Long-term increases of phytoplankton biomass in Chesapeake Bay, 1950–1994, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 157, 3952.
  • Harding, L. W.Jr., B. W. Meeson, and T. R. Fisher Jr. (1986), Phytoplankton production in two east coast estuaries: Photosynthesis-light functions and patterns of carbon assimilation in Chesapeake and Delaware Bays, Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci., 23, 773806.
  • Hayden, B. P. (1981), Secular variation in Atlantic coast extratropical cyclones, Mon. Weather Rev., 109, 159167.
  • Hirsch, M. E., A. T. DeGaetano, and S. J. Colucci (2001), An east coast winter storm climatology, J. Clim., 14, 882899.
  • Howarth, R. W., D. P. Swaney, T. J. Butler, and R. Marino (2000), Climatic control on eutrophication of the Hudson River estuary, Ecosystems, 3, 210215.
  • Hurrell, J. W. (1995), Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional temperatures and precipitation, Science, 269, 676679.
  • Jung, S., and E. D. Houde (2003), Spatial and temporal variabilities of pelagic fish community structure and distribution in Chesapeake Bay, USA, Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci., 58, 335351.
  • Justić, D., R. E. Turner, and N. N. Rabalais (2003), Climatic influences on riverine nitrate flux: Implications for coastal marine eutrophication and hypoxia, Estuaries, 26, 111.
  • Kimmel, D. G., and M. R. Roman (2004), Long-term trends in mesozooplankton abundance in Chesapeake Bay, USA: Influence of freshwater input, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 267, 7183.
  • Kimmerer, W. J. (2002), Effects of freshwater flow on abundance of estuarine organisms: Physical effects or trophic linkages? Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 243, 3955.
  • Kimmerer, W. J. (2004), Open water processes of the San Francisco Estuary: From physical forcing to biological responses, San Francisco Estuary Watershed Sci., 2, 1140.
  • Lakhtakia, M. N., B. Yarnal, D. L. Johnson, R. A. White, D. A. Miller, and Z. Yu (1998), A simulation of river-basin response to mesoscale meteorological forcing: The Susquehanna River Basin Experiment (SRBEX), J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc., 34, 921937.
  • Malone, T. C. (1977), Environmental regulation of phytoplankton productivity in the lower Hudson estuary, Estuarine Coastal Mar. Sci., 5, 157171.
  • Malone, T. C., L. H. Crocker, S. E. Pike, and B. W. Wendler (1988), Influence of riverflow on the dynamics of phytoplankton production in a partially stratified estuary, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 48, 235249.
  • Mantua, N. J., S. R. Hare, Y. Zhang, J. M. Wallace, and R. C. Francis (1997), A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 10691079.
  • McCabe, G. J., and M. A. Ayers (1989), Hydrologic effects of climate change in the Delaware River Basin, Water Resour. Bull., 25, 12311242.
  • Najjar, R. G. (1999), The water balance of the Susquehanna River Basin and its response to climate change, J. Hydrol., 219, 719.
  • Najjar, R. G., et al. (2000), The potential impacts of climate change on the Mid-Atlantic coastal region, Clim. Res., 14, 219233.
  • Neff, R., H. Chang, C. G. Knight, R. G. Najjar, B. Yarnal, and H. Walker (2000), Impact of climate variation and change on Mid-Atlantic region hydrology and water resources, Clim. Res., 14, 207218.
  • North, E. W., and E. D. Houde (2003), Linking ETM physics, zooplankton prey, and fish early-life histories to striped bass Morone saxatilis and white perch M. Americana recruitment, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 260, 219236.
  • Ottersen, G., B. Planque, A. Belgrano, E. Post, P. C. Reid, and N. C. Stenseth (2001), Ecological effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation, Oecologia, 128, 114.
  • Paerl, H. W., L. M. Valdes, J. L. Pinckney, M. F. Piehler, J. Dyble, and P. H. Moisander (2003), Phytoplankton photopigments as indicators of estuarine and coastal eutrophication, BioScience, 53, 953964.
  • Peterson, D., D. R. Cayan, J. F. Festa, F. H. Nichols, R. A. Walters, J. V. Slack, S. E. Hager, and L. E. Schemel (1989), Climate variability in an estuary: Effects of streamflow on San Francisco Bay, in Aspects of Climate Variability in the Pacific and the Western Americas, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 55, edited by D. H. Peterson, pp. 419442, AGU, Washington, D. C.,
  • Read, M. R. (2002), The influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on streamflow in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, M.S. thesis, 159 pp., Pa. State Univ., University Park.
  • Redmond, K. T., and R. W. Koch (1991), Surface climate and streamflow variability in the western United States and their relationship to large-scale circulation indices, Water Resour. Res., 27, 23812399.
  • Reid, P. A., P. D. Jones, O. Brown, C. M. Goodness, and T. D. Davies (2001), Assessments of the reliability of NCEP circulation data and relationships with surface climate by direct comparisons with station based data, Clim. Res., 17, 247261.
  • Riley, G. A. (1937), The significance of the Mississippi River drainage for biological conditions in the northern Gulf of Mexico, J. Mar. Res., 1, 6074.
  • Roman, M. R., D. V. Holliday, and L. P. Sanford (2001), Temporal and spatial patterns of zooplankton in the Chesapeake Bay turbidity maximum, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 213, 215227.
  • Rousseeuw, P. J. (1984), Least median of squares regression, J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 79, 871880.
  • Schubel, J. R., and D. W. Pritchard (1986), Response of upper Chesapeake Bay to variations in discharge of the Susquehanna River, Estuaries, 9, 236249.
  • Shaw, P. J. A. (2003), Multivariate Statistics for the Environmental Sciences, 233 pp., Edward Arnold, London.
  • Stenseth, N. C., A. Mysterud, G. Ottersen, J. W. Hurrell, K. S. Chan, and M. Lima (2002), Ecological effects of climate fluctuation, Science, 297, 12921296.
  • Stenseth, N. C., G. Ottersen, J. W. Hurrell, A. Mysterud, M. Lima, K. S. Chan, N. G. Yoccoz, and B. Adlandsvik (2003), Studying climate effects on ecology through the use of climate indices: The North Atlantic Oscillation, El Niño Southern Oscillation and beyond, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, 270, 20872096.
  • Thornthwaite, C. W. (1948), An approach toward a rational classification of climate, Geogr. Rev., 38, 5594.
  • Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak (2001), Indices of El Niño evolution, J. Clim., 14, 16971701.
  • Wilby, R. L. (1993), The influence of variable weather patterns on river water quantity and quality regimes, Int. J. Climatol., 13, 227241.
  • Wood, R. J. (2000), Synoptic scale climate forcing of multispecies fish recruitment patterns in Chesapeake Bay, Ph.D. dissertation, 137 pp., Coll. of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va.,
  • Yarnal, B. (1993), Synoptic Climatology in Environmental Analysis, 195 pp., Belhaven, London.
  • Yarnal, B., and B. Frakes (1997), Using synoptic climatology to define representative discharge events, Int. J. Climatol., 17, 323341.
  • Yarnal, B., and D. J. Leathers (1988), Relationships between interdecadal and interannual climatic variations and their effect on Pennsylvania climate, Ann. Assoc. Am. Geogr., 78, 624641.
  • Yu, Z., M. N. Lakhtakia, B. Yarnal, Y. A. White, D. A. Miller, B. Frakes, E. J. Barron, C. Duffy, and F. W. Schwartz (1999), Simulating the river-basin response to atmospheric forcing by linking a mesoscale meteorological model and hydrologic model system, J. Hydrol., 218, 7291.
  • Zar, J. H. (1984), Biostatistical Analysis, 2nd ed., 718 pp., Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, N. J.,
  • Zielinski, G. A. (2002), A classification scheme for winter storms in the eastern and central United States with emphasis on “nor'easters”, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 83, 3751.