SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bates, J. M., and C. W. J. Granger (1969), The combination of forecasts, Oper. Res. Q., 20, 451468.
  • Bjerknes, J. (1969), Atmospheric teleconnections from the equatorial Pacific, Mon. Weather Rev., 97, 163172.
  • Brown, D. P., and A. C. Comrie (2004), A winter precipitation “dipole” in the western United States associated with multidecadal ENSO variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L09203, doi:10.1029/2003GL018726.
  • Cayan, D. R. (1996), Climate variability and snow pack in the western United States, J. Clim., 9, 928948.
  • Cayan, D. R., and D. H. Peterson (1989), The influence of North Pacific atmospheric circulation on streamflow in the west, in Aspects of Climate Variability in the Pacific and the Western Americas, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 55, edited by D. H. Peterson, pp. 365374, AGU, Washington, D. C.,
  • Cayan, D. R., and R. H. Webb (1992), El Niño/Southern Oscillation and streamflow in the western United States, in El Nino: Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation, edited by H. F. Diaz, and V. Markgraf, pp. 2968, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Cayan, D. R., M. D. Dettinger, H. F. Diaz, and N. Graham (1998), Decadal variability of precipitation over western North America, J. Clim., 11, 31483166.
  • Cayan, D. R., S. A. Kammerdiener, M. D. Dettinger, J. M. Caprio, and D. H. Peterson (2001), Changes in the onset of spring in the western United States, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 82, 399416.
  • Changnon, D., T. B. McKee, and N. J. Doesken (1993), Annual snowpack patterns across the Rockies: Long-term trends and associated 500-mb synoptic patterns, Mon. Weather Rev., 121, 633647.
  • Clark, M. P., M. C. Serreze, and G. J. McCabe (2001), Historical effects of El Nino and La Nina events on the seasonal evolution of the montane snowpack in the Columbia and Colorado River Basins, Water Resour. Res., 37, 741757.
  • Clemen, R. T. (1989), Combining forecasts: A review and annotated bibliography, Int. J. Forecast., 5, 559583.
  • Craven, P., and G. Whaba (1979), Optimal smoothing of noisy data with spline functions, Numer. Math., 31, 377403.
  • Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. Qian (2004), A global dataset of Palmer drought severity index for 1870–2002: Relationship with soil moisture and effects of surface warming, J. Hydrometeorol., 5, 11171130.
  • Dettinger, M. D., D. R. Cayan, H. F. Diaz, and D. Meko (1998), North-south precipitation patterns in western North America on interannual-to-decadal time scales, J. Clim., 11, 30953111.
  • Dracup, J. A., and E. Kahya (1994), The relationships between U.S. streamflow and La Niña events, Water. Resour. Res., 30, 21332142.
  • Gershunov, A., and T. P. Barnett (1998), ENSO influence on intraseasonal extreme rainfall and temperature frequencies in the contiguous United States: Observations and model results, J. Clim., 11, 15751586.
  • Grantz, K., B. Rajagopalan, M. Clark, and E. Zagona (2005), A technique for incorporating large-scale climate information in basin-scale ensemble streamflow forecasts, Water Resour. Res., 41, W10410, doi:10.1029/2004WR003467.
  • Hagedorn, R., F. J. Doblas-Reyes, and T. N. Palmer (2005), The rationale behind the success of multi-model ensembles in seasonal forecasting. Part I: Basic concept, Tellus, Ser. A, 57, 219233.
  • Hamill, T. M. (2001), Interpretation of rank histograms for verifying ensemble forecasts, Mon. Weather Rev., 129, 550560.
  • Hamlet, A. F., and D. P. Lettenmaier (1999), Effects of climate change on hydrology and water resources in the Columbia River basin, J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc., 35, 15971623.
  • Hamlet, A. F., D. Huppert, and D. P. Lettenmaier (2002), Economic value of long-lead streamflow forecasts for Columbia River hydropower, J. Water Resour. Plann. Manage., 128, 91101.
  • Helsel, D. R., and R. M. Hirsch (1995), Statistical Methods in Water Resources, Elsevier, New York.
  • Hidalgo, H. G., and J. A. Dracup (2003), ENSO and PDO effects on hydroclimatic variations of the Upper Colorado River Basin, J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 523.
  • Higgins, R. W., A. Leetmaa, and V. E. Kousky (2002), Relationships between climate variability and winter temperature extremes in the United States, J. Clim., 15, 15551572.
  • Higgins, R. W., H.-K. Kim, and D. Unger (2004), Long-lead seasonal temperature and precipitation prediction using tropical pacific SST consolidation forecasts, J. Clim., 17, 33983414.
  • Hoerling, M. P., A. Kumar, and M. Zhong (1997), El Nino, La Nina and the nonlinearity of their teleconnections, J. Clim., 10, 17691786.
  • Hoeting, J. A., D. M. Madigan, A. E. Raftery, and C. T. Volinsky (1999), Bayesian model averaging: A tutorial (with discussion), Stat. Sci., 14, 382401.
  • Horel, J. D., and J. M. Wallace (1981), Planetary scale atmospheric phenomena associated with the Southern Oscillation, Mon. Weather Rev., 109, 813829.
  • Hou, D., E. Kalnay, and K. K. Droegemeier (2001), Objective verification of the SAMEX'98 ensemble forecast, Mon. Weather Rev., 129, 7391.
  • Hwang, Y. (2005), Impact of input uncertainty in ensemble streamflow generation, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Colo., Boulder.
  • Kahya, E., and J. A. Dracup (1993), U.S. streamflow patterns in relation to the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, Water. Resour. Res., 29, 24912504.
  • Kahya, E., and J. A. Dracup (1994), The influences of type 1 El Niño and La Niña events on streamflows in the Pacific Southwest of the United States, J. Clim., 7, 965976.
  • Kalnay, E., et al. (1996), The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 437471.
  • Klein, W. H. (1963), Specifications of precipitation from the 700-millibar circulation, Mon. Weather Rev., 91, 527536.
  • Klein, W. H., and H. J. Bloom (1987), Specification of monthly precipitation over the United States from the surrounding 700 mb height field, Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 527536.
  • Klein, W. H., C. W. Crockett, and J. F. Andrews (1965), Objective prediction of daily precipitation and cloudiness, J. Geophys. Res., 70, 801813.
  • Krishnamurti, T. N., C. M. Kishtawal, T. E. LaRow, D. R. Bachiochi, Z. Zhang, C. E. Williford, S. Gadgil, and S. Surendran (1999), Improved weather and seasonal climate forecasts from multi-model superensemble, Science, 285, 15481550.
  • Krishnamurti, T. N., C. M. Kishtawal, Z. Zhang, T. E. LaRow, D. R. Bachiochi, C. E. Williford, S. Gadgil, and S. Surendran (2000), Multi-model ensemble forecasts for weather and seasonal climate, J. Clim., 13, 41964216.
  • Lall, U. (1995), Recent advances in nonparametric function estimation: Hydraulic applications, U.S. Natl. Rep. Int. Union Geod. Geophys. 1991–1995, Rev. Geophys., 33, 10931102.
  • Loader, C. (1999), Local Regression and Likelihood, Springer, New York.
  • Lundquist, J., and A. Flint (2006), Onset of snowmelt and streamflow in 2004 in the western United States: How shading may affect spring streamflow timing in a warmer world, J. Hydrometeorol., in press.
  • Madigan, D., and A. E. Raftery (1994), Model selection and accounting for model uncertainty in graphical models using Occam's window, J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 89, 15351546.
  • Mantua, N. J., S. R. Hare, Y. Zhang, J. M. Wallace, and R. C. Francis (1997), A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 10691079.
  • Maurer, E. P., D. P. Lettenmaier, and N. J. Mantua (2004), Variability and potential sources of predictability of North American runoff, Water Resour. Res., 40, W09306, doi:10.1029/2003WR002789.
  • McCabe, G. J. (1994), Relationships between atmospheric circulation and snowpack in the Gunnison River Basin, Colorado, J. Hydrol., 157, 157175.
  • McCabe, G. J. (1996), Effects of winter atmospheric circulation on temporal and spatial variability in annual streamflow in the western United States, J. Hydrol. Sci., 41, 873887.
  • McCabe, G. J., and M. D. Dettinger (1999), Decadal variations in the strength of ENSO teleconnections with precipitation in the western United States, Int. J. Climatol., 19, 13991410.
  • McCabe, G. J., and M. D. Dettinger (2002), Primary modes and predictability of year-to-year snowpack variations in the western United States from teleconnections with Pacific Ocean climate, J. Hydrometeorol., 3, 1325.
  • McCabe, G. J., and D. R. Legates (1995), Relationships between 700 hPa height anomalies and April 1 snowpack accumulations in the western USA, Int. J. Climatol., 15, 517530.
  • Newman, M., G. P. Compo, and M. A. Alexander (2003), ENSO-forced variability of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, J. Clim., 16, 38533857.
  • Piechota, T. C., J. A. Dracup, and R. G. Fovell (1997), Western US streamflow and atmospheric circulation patterns during El Niño–Southern Oscillation, J. Hydrol., 201, 249271.
  • Piechota, T. C., H. Hidalgo, and J. Dracup (2001), Streamflow variability and reconstruction for the Colorado River Basin, paper presented at EWRI World Water and Environmental Resources Congress, Am. Soc. of Civ. Eng., Orlando, Fla., 20 – 24 May .
  • Porporato, A., and L. Ridolfi (1997), Nonlinear analysis of river flow time sequences, Water Resour. Res., 33, 13531368.
  • Porporato, A., and L. Ridolfi (2001), Multivariate nonlinear prediction of river flows, J. Hydrol., 248, 109122.
  • Prairie, J., B. Rajagopalan, T. Fulp, and E. Zagona (2005a), Statistical nonparametric model for natural salt estimation, J. Environ. Eng., 131, 130138.
  • Prairie, J., B. Rajagopalan, T. Fulp, and E. Zagona (2005b), A modified K-NN model for generating stochastic natural streamflows, J. Hydrol. Eng., 11, 371378.
  • Raftery, A. E., D. Madigan, and J. A. Hoeting (1997), Bayesian model averaging for regression models, J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 92, 179191.
  • Rajagopalan, B., U. Lall, and S. Zebiak (2002), Optimal categorical climate forecasts through multiple GCM ensemble combination and regularization, Mon. Weather Rev., 130, 17921811.
  • Rajagopalan, B., K. Grantz, S. K. Regonda, M. Clark, and E. Zagona (2005), Ensemble streamflow forecasting: Methods and applications, in Advances in Water Science Methodologies, edited by U. Aswathanarayana, chap. 7, Taylor and Francis, Philadelphia, Pa.,
  • Rao, C. R., and H. Toutenburg (1999), Linear Models: Least Squares and Alternatives, Springer, New York.
  • Redmond, K. T., and R. W. Koch (1991), Surface climate and streamflow variability in the western United States and their relationship to large-scale circulation indices, Water Resour. Res., 27, 23812399.
  • Regonda, S., B. Rajagopalan, M. Clark, and J. Pitlick (2005a), Seasonal cycle shifts in hydroclimatology over the western US, J. Clim., 18, 372384.
  • Regonda, S., B. Rajagopalan, U. Lall, M. Clark, and Y. Moon (2005b), Local polynomial method for ensemble forecast of time series, Nonlinear Processes Geophys., 12, 397406.
  • Reid, D. J. (1968), Combining three estimates of gross domestic product, Economica, 35, 431444.
  • Robertson, A. W., and M. Ghil (1999), Large-scale weather regimes and local climate over the western United States, J. Clim., 12, 17961813.
  • Singhrattna, N., B. Rajagopalan, M. Clark, and K. Krishna Kumar (2005), Forecasting Thailand summer monsoon rainfall, Int. J. Climatol., 25, 649664.
  • Sivakumar, B., A. W. Jayawardena, and M. K. G. T.Fernando (2002), River flow forecasting: Use of phase-space reconstruction and artificial neural networks approaches, J. Hydrol., 265, 225245.
  • Slack, J. R., and J. M. Landwehr (1992), Hydro-Climatic Data Network: A U.S. Geological Survey streamflow data set for the United States for the study of climate variations, 1974–1988, U.S. Geol. Surv. Open File Rep., 92-129, 193 pp.
  • Stewart, I. T., D. R. Cayan, and M. D. Dettinger (2005), Changes toward earlier streamflow timing across western North America, J. Clim., 18, 11361155.
  • Tamea, S., F. Laio, and L. Ridolfi (2005), Probabilistic nonlinear prediction of river flows, Water Resour. Res., 41, W09421, doi:10.1029/2005WR004136.
  • Ugland, R. C., B. J. Cochran, M. M. Hiner, R. G. Kretschman, E. A. Wilson, and J. D. Bennett (1990), Water resources data for Colorado, water year 1990, volume 2, Colorado River Basin, U.S. Geol. Surv. Water Data Rep., CO-90-2, 344 pp.
  • Von Storch, H., and F. W. Zwiers (1999), Statistical Analysis in Climate Research, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Walpole, R. E., R. H. Myers, S. L. Myers, K. Ye, and K. Yee (2002), Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, N. J.,
  • Wang, W., B. T. Anderson, N. Phillips, R. K. Kaufmann, C. Potter, and R. B. Myneni (2006), Feedbacks of vegetation on summertime climate variability over the North American grasslands: 1. Statistical analysis, Earth Interact., in press.
  • Weare, B. C., and M. A. Hoeschele (1983), Specification of monthly precipitation in the western United States from monthly mean circulation, J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol., 22, 10001007.
  • Wilks, D. S. (1995), Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences, Elsevier, New York.
  • Yarnal, B., and H. F. Diaz (1986), Relationships between extremes of the Southern Oscillation and the winter climate of the Anglo-American Pacific coast, J. Climatol., 6, 197219.